An Enthusiastic Welcome to All Problem Solvers
The people and information on this site were, in the beginning, selected because they were identified as our family's most significant Genealogy Brick Walls. When we first published the site in 2008, only two of our problem families were represented. We also introduced five, and then six, additional puzzle families we plan to discuss in the future. After seven years of additional research our site is growing to include family groups we hadn't originally identified as Brick Wall surnames. These families do, however, include many descendants of our Brick Wall people. We've also discovered these new family groups have their own collection of puzzling questions needing to be answered. It is our hope that by making our research available in this way, we may find cousins and other genealogists who are researching these same individuals and share, compare and discuss our findings. Even as we progress, we continue to ask...
Who were these people...
If you know anything that may help us chip through these bricks, or learn more about these people and their lives, please contact us! Corrections of all kinds are also welcome.
William Gerrard ( ->1789) of Dormstown, County Meath made his will in 1788. He named, according to a brief abstract we found a few years ago, his two married daughters, Rebecca Hinds and Sarah Hinds who had married brothers John Hinds and Matthew Hinds, respectively. He named his three unmarried daughters, Elizabeth, Catherine and Anne, who we would learn later married married William Foster, John Small and Michael Gibney, respectively. The will abstract also named his two "natural" (illegitimate) sons, William and Thomas -- who were a complete surprise to us.
Who were William Gerrard's two "natural" sons?
A Brick Wall, to be sure! To feed our curiosity, we went first to Ireland's wonderful transcripts of memorial deeds, conveyances and wills which had proved so helpful in our research of the Hinds family. We were able to find enough information about William's two "natural" sons to feel certain that, although they were acknowledged in their father's 1788 will, they were never considered brothers, or even family or friends, by their father's five daughters. And, although that was good information to have, our primary questions about these two "natural" sons, remained unanswered.
- Who was their mother -- or mothers?
- Where did they grow up?
- Did they marry?
- Did they have children?
- Where did they live?
- When and where did they die?
What became of William Gerrard of Dormstown's two "natural" sons, William and Thomas? We thought if we learned more about the extended Gerrard family of County Meath, we might find some answers. Again, we turned to Ireland's transcripts of memorial deeds, conveyances and wills, expanding our research to include Gerrards throughout County Meath, primarily during the 17th and 18th centuries.
We learned that the Gerrards were an aristocratic, influential and wealthy family with large holdings in County Meath and beyond. Through several generations, sons succeeded to ancestral lands and acquired more. They married well and had children who are included in this project.
Most of the Gerrards in this work, including William Gerrard ( ->1789) of Dormstown, descend from Thomas Gerrard (1643-1719) of Gibbstown, County Meath, whose second son, was Thomas Gerrard ( -1763) of Liscartan, County Meath. He had married Catherine Cooper in 1713, and in February of 1729 purchased, by lease and deed, the castle, land and farm of Liscartan, in all, 430 acres. Thomas and Catherine had eight children, four sons and four daughters. William Gerrard ( ->1789) of Dormstown, the primary subject of our Gerrard Project, was Thomas and Catherine's fifth child and third son.
Our Gerrard research, although not complete, has been extensive. The link below will take you to additional information about the Gerrards of Gibbstown and the Gerrards of Liscartan, and some history of the times they lived in. We welcome your visit...
Then... Two Amazing Things Happened...
First… a researcher, who lives in Ireland and is descended from one of the five Dormstown Gerrard sisters, discovered our website. She sent us additional information she had accumulated through her own research, and gave us permission to include it with ours. She also had puzzled over William Gerrard ( ->1789) of Dormstown's two “natural” sons, William and Thomas, had not been able to learn much about them, and also considered them a serious Brick Wall. How wonderful it was to have someone to talk with about the Gerrards of County Meath!
Then… another Gerrard researcher found our website hoping to find information about the Gerrards of Ardbraccan, County Meath. Even though our site was not helpful to her, she shocked and thrilled us with an email on which she attached a more complete copy of William Gerrard ( ->1789) of Dormstown's 1788 will which she had obtained from the National Library of Ireland, Genealogical Office in Dublin, several years ago, and also a copy of the 1763 will of Thomas Gerrard ( -1763) of Liscartan, County Meath, William’s father. Both of these wills have now been transcribed and are included on our site.
What an unexpected and very welcome gift! In William’s 1788 will we learned where his two “natural” sons were born, and additionally, the existence of his three “natural” daughters. The will even named the mother of his five illegitimate children! We're not finished, though. We still don't know if William and Thomas married, or if they had children, or when and where they died.
Our fellow Gerrard researcher and benefactor who sent us the wills is researching the families of three William Gerrards, all of Ardbraccan, County Meath: William Gerrard (1848- ), son of Samuel Gerrard (1823- ), William Gerrard (1794- ), Samuel's father, and William Gerrard (1761- ), William (1794- )'s father. Her family’s oral history states that William (1848- ) was a “cousin” to the descendants of William (1761- ), and that her Gerrards of Ardbraccan were related in some way to the Gerrards of Gibbstown in County Meath. If that’s the case, her Ardbraccan Gerrards connect somewhere to our Gerrards of Gibbstown, Liscartan, Tankardstown, and Dormstown, and we all want to find that connection. She has given us permission to include what she knows about her Ardbraccan Gerrards on our site, and we would love to hear from other researchers who may have additional information about her Gerrards and how they connect to ours. Please let us hear from you...
Some Links to More Information and the Individual Gerrards of County Meath, Ireland
The first link below will take you to a list of our known descendants, extended family and associates of the Gerrard family of County Meath, Ireland. A blue icon before a name identifies a descendant of our earliest known Gerrard ancestor, Thomas Gerrard (1643-1719) of Gibbstown, County Meath, and his two newly (2018) discovered brothers, Edward Gerrard, and another brother whose name we don't know. The second link will take you to a shorter list of the Gerrards of Ardbraccan, County Meath and their extended family as we know it. We think they connect in some way to our other Gerrards, and want to know where. We've identified the Gerrards of Ardbraccan with a red icon to indicate we need help! The third link connects to a list of County Meath Gerrards we can't connect yet to either the Gerrards of Gibbstown and Liscartan or to the Gerrards of Ardbraccan. Suggestions, here, would also be welcome. And the final link opens the full story, as we know it, about our Gerrards of County Meath, Ireland: The Gerrard Project.
- Our Gerrard Family of Gibbstown and Liscartan, County Meath, Ireland
- The Gerrards of Ardbraccan, County Meath, Ireland
- Some Isolated Gerrards of County Meath, Ireland
- An expanded look at our Gerrard Project
John Heaton ( - 1844) has been a frustrating Brick Wall for his descendants for several generations. Who was he? Where did he come from? Who were his parents? They knew from early Heaton research that he had been born in Pennsylvania, married Rocceana Kensler (1811-1886) in December 1830 in Madison County, Illinois, had seven children, and died in Madison County in January 1844. That same source reported that he had relocated to Madison County with his brother Benjamin. Other researchers, more recently, believed that John and Valentine Heaton (1801-1845) were brothers. Valentine married widow Nancy (Berry) Gordon (1803-1876) in 1843 in Morgan County, Illinois. Additionally, they suggested that the Benjamin Heaton (1804- ) who was enumerated in Madison County, Illinois on the 1830 census would be a good clue to pursue. His 1830 household included three males ages 20 thru 29 whom, they suggested, "might turn out to be Benjamin, John and Valentine."
So, we began our Brick Wall research with Benjamin Heaton (1804- ) and learned he was born in Culpeper County, Virginia, eldest son of William Heaton (1782- ) and Catherine Harford (1786- ) and that his ancestry, therefore, connected to Robert Heaton (1642-b1717), the original immigrant of the Yorkshire Heatons. Benjamin married Barthena Evans (1808-1844) in 1826 and they lived for three years in Henderson County, Kentucky before relocating to Illinois. They were in Madison County only briefly, with a daughter born there in 1830. The family moved within Illinois several times, and was found most often in Calhoun County and Macoupin County. As we researched him and his extended family we added some new Heatons to our database. We enjoyed the process and, unfortunately, found nothing to connect him to John or Valentine, and had to conclude that Benjamin was not our John’s brother.
Next we chose Valentine Heaton (1801- 1845) and his wife, Nancy (Berry) Gordon (1803-1876), as our focus. They had a love story that began in Pennsylvania and were married in Morgan County, Illinois in 1843. Valentine died just two years later, in 1845. Nancy’s first husband, William E. Gordon (1802-1839), had died in 1839 leaving her with six children, and together she and Valentine had one son, Samuel Washington Heaton (1845-1912), who married Margaret Campbell (1849-1939) in 1869. We researched the extended families of all the parents, children, siblings, spouses and anyone else we could find who might have known Valentine, collected lots of new families and some great stories, yet learned nothing about Valentine and his past. We also didn’t find anything to connect Valentine Heaton to our Brick Wall John Heaton.
We regrouped and decided to head back to Madison County with a clean slate and learn more about the Six Mile Prairie where John Heaton had lived. We learned from The History of Madison County, Illinois that the first settlement on the Six Mile was made in 1801, and that the most numerous family in the early history of Madison County was the Gillham family.
We researched the Gillhams and their extended families until our brains fell out. William Campbell Gillham Sr. (1750-1825) settled briefly in Six Mile Prairie and his daughter Agness Gillham (1776-1844) married John Guy Lofton (1773-1832), one of the earliest judges of the Court of Common Pleas of Madison County. Their son Thomas G. Lofton (1797-1862) married Betsey Heaton (1797- ) in 1819. We learned that William Gillham (1791-1845) married Barbara Heaton (1805- ) in 1821, and that his brother, Isaac Gillham Jr. ( -1845), married Rebecca Hayden (1803- ) in 1823. Isaac Gillham Jr. ( -1845) was appointed administrator of our Brick Wall John Heaton’s probate in 1844 and, when Isaac died in 1845, his widow Rebecca (Hayden) Gillham and Calvin Kinder (1803-1879), son of Valentine Kinder (1759-1822), took over John’s probate as administrators.
A quick note: In our research over the years, we have often seen the HEATON surname spelled a variety of ways. EATON, HAYDEN, HAYTON, HAIDEN, for example. So we ask ourselves, do we now have four Heatons in Madison County: John, Betsey, Barbara and Rebecca?
Also from The History of Madison County, Illinois, we learned that Valentine Kinder (1759-1822) lead quite a large company of families from Washington County, Pennsylvania to Madison County, Illinois in 1817. The colony included the families of Valentine Kinder, Isaac Braden, Philip Hawks, and others as well. The party traveled by flat boat down the Ohio from Wheeling, Virginia (now West Virginia) to Shawneetown, Illinois. From there, their stock was driven across the country via the New Design Settlement, and they traveled from Shawneetown by keel boat to St. Louis, and then along the Six Mile route to their chosen home of Six Mile Prairie.
We were familiar with the name Valentine Kinder (1759-1822) from the work we had done in 2017 to establish which John Heaton (1743- ) was the father of Washington Heaton (1777-1826) of East Bethlehem, Washington County, Pennsylvania. Valentine was closely associated with Washington Heaton’s brother, James Heaton (1775-1810), who died in Washington County in 1810 leaving a widow Barbara Heaton (1781- ) and five children, two sons and three daughters.
Valentine’s eldest daughter’s name was Barbara – and the bells started ringing! Could James Heaton’s widow Barbara be the daughter of Valentine Kinder? Could our Brick Wall John Heaton, Valentine Heaton, Betsey Heaton, Barbara Heaton and Rebecca Hayden be the children of James and Barbara (Kinder) Heaton?
William Gillham (1791-1845), husband of Barbara Heaton (1805-, purchased Valentine Kinder’s Bible from his estate. James Heaton’s parents were John and Rebecca, and Barbara Kinder’s parents were Valentine and Elizabeth. If James and Barbara Heaton followed the naming rules for their children that were common at the time, their sons would have been John and Valentine, and their daughters would have been Elizabeth (Betsey), Rebecca and Barbara.
We don’t know if we’re on the right track with our current thinking or not. Our hope is that someone reading this knows more than we do and will contact us. Please!
Our work is far from finished with this Brick Wall project! We’ve added 779 new people to our Heaton database in our search for information. We've created relationships -- at least for now -- as though they are true, and maybe they are. We’re going to take a break now, to step back and mull this over.
We don’t believe in coincidences, and learned some time ago that “coincidence is the messenger of truth.” Well, we have a pile of coincidences here and, possibly even, truth.
The link below will take you to an index of all of the people represented in our Heaton Project, and includes the extended families and associates of two different Heaton lines. A red tree icon identifies a descendant of our earliest known ancestor of the Lincolnshire Heatons, John Heaton (s1490-1552) of Fotherby, Lincolnshire, England, and a blue tree icon identifies a descendant of Robert Heaton (1642-1717) of West Riding, Yorkshire, England, our earliest known ancestor of the Yorkshire Heatons. John Heaton and his family will have blue tree icons.
Who, really, was the father of Washington Heaton (1777-1826) of Washington County, Pennsylvania?... The story his descendants learned was that his father's name was John Heaton, a soldier serving in the Revolutionary War under General George Washington when John's son was born on 11 September 1777 -- and that Washington Heaton earned his name because of his father's admiration for the General. Good story for sure, but which one, of the many John Heatons, was Washington's father? We identified five potential candidates: John Heaton (1760-1820), John Heaton (1743- ), John Heaton (1719- ), John Heaton (b1756-1823) and John Heaton (1745-1831) -- and then we knew! Washington turned out to be a descendant of the Yorkshire Heatons, even though the Lincolnshire Heatons had been claiming him for generations.
In his Heaton Families II, Dean Heaton wrote that Washington was "very likely" the son of Colonel John Heaton "either by an earlier marriage or born out of wedlock." No explanation for the statement was provided, and some of Washington's descendants who have remained skeptical talked to other Heaton researchers, and together we decided to try and learn which John Heaton really was Washington Heaton's father. We had previously researched only nine John Heatons, yet not with Washington in mind, so we began with those nine, which included the "very likely" Colonel John Heaton. We were able to eliminate all nine fairly quickly. Regarding the "very likely" John Heaton, as we learned more about how committed he was to his family, we believed that if he had been Washington's father, we would have found some evidence or record of their involvement in something together -- or at least have found them in the same location once or twice. We also believe Washington would have been included in the Heaton family Bible records kept by Colonel John's daughter Charlotte (Heaton) Black. Howard Leckey's The Tenmile Country, wrote about the Bible which did not include a son named Washington, however did mention a daughter born to Colonel John's wife by her previous marriage, and who was raised by Colonel John. We decided at that point that Colonel John was not the father we were looking for, and also decided to extend our search and research to include as many other John Heatons as we could find until we found the John Heaton that felt "right". We added 453 new people to our Heaton Project, found sixteen "new" John Heatons and researched them enough to eliminate all but four of them.
Our best candidates for further research were John Heaton, John Heaton, John Heaton and John Heaton -- and then we knew! John Heaton must have been Washington Heaton's father -- at least until some new information proves us wrong.
- We do still wonder why Washington named his only son Benjamin.
The link below will take you to an index of all of the people represented in our Heaton Project, and includes the extended families and associates of two different Heaton lines. A red tree icon identifies a descendant of our earliest known ancestor of the Lincolnshire Heatons, John Heaton (s1490-1552) of Fotherby, Lincolnshire, England, and a blue tree icon identifies a descendant of Robert Heaton (1642-1717) of West Riding, Yorkshire, England, our earliest known ancestor of the Yorkshire Heatons. Washington Heaton and his family will have blue tree icons.
John Bolton married Zilpah Peirce in Boston in 1803 and had one daughter, Elizabeth Everett Bolton, born in Boston in 1806. Our family had been searching for three generations to identify who these Bolton ancestors actually were. After years of frustrating hit-and-miss attempts, about five years ago we decided to methodically research and eliminate, one-by-one, the members of every Bolton family we identified to have been living in Massachusetts during the targeted time period. To keep them all straight, we gave the most likely John Bolton candidates identifying names and also grouped the families by their primary counties of residence. The project was completed in 2010, and only one family and, thankfully, only one John Bolton, remained probable. Unless we find any conflicting documentation to the contrary, we have decided to "claim" the candidate we had called "John Bolton (the Uncle) of Bridgewater" as our Ancestor.
John Bolton, our ancestor, was born in Bridgewater, Plymouth County, Massachusetts in 1756, the only son of John Bolton Jr. and Elizabeth Hayward. As a young man he enlisted in the Continental Army and served in the Revolutionary War until its end in 1781. In 1797, after just a few months of marriage and no children, he divorced his first wife, Betsy Denny, very publicly in the Boston newspapers. He married Zilpah Peirce almost six years later and they had one daughter, Elizabeth Everett Bolton, in 1806. Zilpah died when Elizabeth was two years old and John's health and finances went steadily downhill. He died in Boston in 1819.
It would be lovely to say that, by finally identifying John, our Bolton Brick Wall was completely destroyed. However... as so often happens, with one problem solved, others presented themselves. In the earliest reliable resource we have found, the words "uncertain" and "perhaps" were used to describe the placement of both John Bolton Jr. and Elizabeth Hayward in their respective Bolton and Hayward families. Because we wanted to know the truth, our next major Bolton tasks, in addition to trying to identify Zilpah Peirce's family, became to determine the accurate parentage of both of our ancestor John's parents, John Bolton Jr. and Elizabeth Hayward.
John Bolton Jr. married Elizabeth Hayward in Bridgewater, Plymouth County, Massachusetts in 1751 and had four children. Their third child and only son, John Bolton, was born in 1756 and was our first Brick Wall subject discussed above.
In the Vital Records of Bridgewater, for his marriage and for the births of each of his children, John was identified as "John Bolton Jr." As early as 1897 when Nahum Mitchell's History of the Early Settlement of Bridgewater was published, the parentage of John Bolton Jr. was described as uncertain. Then Anna Chesebrough Wildey's 1903 Genealogy of the Descendants of William Chesebrough stated that John Jr. was the son of Ensign John Bolton (1686-1755) and Ruth Hooper (1691-1755). Although now proven to be incorrect, that wrong conclusion at that early time was probably considered logical. John Jr. "should" have been the son of a John, right?
Since that publication in 1903, almost all books and internet sources on the subject have perpetuated the error. We, also, initially thought that 1903 conclusion seemed logical, while at the same time believed that it shouldn't be that difficult, in today's world, to prove -- or disprove.
After completing our research of all of the Massachusetts Bolton families, it appeared probable that John Bolton Jr. was the son of one of the sons of John Bolton (1660-1721) and Sarah Chesebrough (1663-1743), and therefore the great grandson of Nicholas Boulton (c1600-1683) the Immigrant. We were determined, if we could, to identify the correct father and to set the record straight.
John Bolton (1660-1721) and Sarah (Chesebrough) Bolton (1663-1743) had eleven children, six of them sons. The only son we could initially eliminate from consideration as John Jr.'s father was the eldest, Ensign John Bolton (1686-1755) who, according to land records, his will and the division of his estate, had five daughters and no sons. We therefore concluded that the title of "Junior" was used only as a means of distinguishing the younger John (c1730-c1762) from his older uncle John (1686-1755), who also lived in Bridgewater. The remaining five brothers, all of whom were researched as possible fathers, in order of birth were Samuel Bolton (1688-1753), Nicholas Bolton (1695-1750), Elisha Bolton (1700-1777), Joseph Bolton (1704-1751) and Nathaniel Bolton (1706-1770).
When our research of the brothers brought us to Elisha (1700-1777), we learned that he had six sons who had all served in the French and Indian War. According to the records, they enlisted and served in pairs. Imagine our excitement when we learned that the first two to enlist were the two oldest brothers, John (c1730-c1762) and Elisha (c1735- ). Elisha's birth had been recorded in the Bridgewater records, but John's had not. Additional research told us that one of Elisha (1700-1777)'s sons had died in the army on or before 9 Jul 1762, and that all of his sons except John could be found in the records after that date. We had wondered of course, before discovering the war records, why we had found no records of John after the birth of his last child in 1760. So, then we knew... Elisha Bolton (1700-1777) was John Jr.'s father!
Our Bolton PeopleWhat began as our Bolton Brick Wall project, with John Bolton and Zilpah Peirce as our only two "problem" people, grew to include John's parents, John Bolton "Jr." and Elizabeth Hayward, and the search to identify their parents. For three generations our family had been trying to identify who these Bolton ancestors actually were. We finally began to make some progress after we decided to methodically research and eliminate, one-by-one, the members of every Bolton family we identified to have been living in Massachusetts during the targeted time period. To keep them all straight, we gave the most likely John Bolton candidates identifying names and also grouped the families by their primary counties of residence.
Our John Bolton, we discovered, was a descendant of Nicholas Boulton, the Immigrant. Nicholas is the earliest known ancestor of most of the Boltons of Plymouth and Bristol Counties and the link below lists his known descendants, descendant families and associates. Among the descendant families and associates, ancestors of some individuals may also appear, and by necessity, there is duplication of some of the people between other lists found on the site.
Our Bolton FamilyCome inside using the link below for the full story...
Yes! It's true... Our "Missing Link" has been found -- and his name was also Walter Hinds!
Walter Hinds of the 1800s was our ancestor and he was the primary subject of our Hinds Family research. Neither Walter nor Hinds appeared to have been common names in County Cavan, Ireland in the 1700s or early 1800s. So when we identified a second Walter Hinds, this one of the 1700s, it just seemed unreasonable to ignore the possibility that these two Walters were very likely related.
Walter Thomas Hinds of the 1800sOur ancestor Walter Hinds of County Cavan, Ireland, was born about 1798. His parents and siblings were a mystery. He married Margaret Charters, probably around 1840, and they had eight children: John Hinds, James Hinds, Robert Hinds, Bella Hinds, Fanny Hinds, Henry Hinds, Edward Hinds and Richard Hinds. We learned from our research that Walter was identified most often, probably to distinguish him from his relatives with the same name, as Walter Thomas Hinds.
Walter Hinds of the 1700sThree wills were found in Dublin at the National Archives of Ireland that introduced us to the earlier, 1700s, Walter Hinds, his brother, John Hinds, and Walter's eldest son, Ralph Hinds, all of County Cavan, Ireland. Through the wills we learned of several additional Walter Hinds family members and were able to identify our earliest known Hinds ancestor as another John Hinds ( -1706). The link below lists his known descendants, descendant families and associates. Among the descendent families and associates, ancestors of some individuals may also be represented.
A Tale of Two -- Now Three -- Walters ConnectedWe can now shout to the rooftops that through Memorial Deeds and other land records, our two Walters have been connected -- with yet another Walter Hinds! Come inside using the link below for the full story...
Growing up as a Heaton, at least in our household, meant hearing many stories over the years about our ancestors. Nathaniel Heaton (1602- ) of Lincolnshire, England, our immigrant who arrived and settled in Boston, Massachusetts in 1634, was often mentioned. We believe our family had no idea there was another Heaton family living in England near our Nathaniel, just across the River Humber, an estuary, in the county of Yorkshire.
In developing our Heaton Project, we began with our Lincolnshire immigrant Nathaniel Heaton, adding his descendants and ancestors as we identified them. It wasn’t until we reached Bucks County, Pennsylvania in the mid-1700s that we discovered the Yorkshire Heatons. One wonders now if the Yorkshire Heaton descendants knew about us. Immigrant, Robert Heaton (1642-b1717), arrived from West Riding, Yorkshire, England and settled in Bucks County, Pennsylvania in 1682. The Yorkshire Heatons were Quakers, as were some of the families the Lincolnshire Heaton descendants married into.
The Heaton Project, as presented here, follows the Lincolnshire Heatons, adding information about the Yorkshire Heatons when we found the two families together geographically, or to answer specific questions.
The link below will take you to an index of all of the people represented in our Heaton Project, and includes the extended families and associates of both Heaton lines. A red tree icon identifies a descendant of our earliest known ancestor of the Lincolnshire Heatons, John Heaton (s1490-1552) of Fotherby, Lincolnshire, England, and a blue tree icon identifies a descendant of Robert Heaton (1642-1717) of West Riding, Yorkshire, England, the earliest known ancestor of the Yorkshire Heatons.
Traveling with our two Heaton families has been a delightful trip, and we invite you to share it with us...
Preview of Coming Attractions
One of the aspects of genealogy that makes it so rewarding is the never-ending supply of "Brick Walls" we run into. Chipping through the bricks, and solving the puzzles, even when the solutions present more puzzles, is a joy! This website has given us the opportunity to share our problem people and to compare and discuss our information with others. We're excited about the answers we've already found -- and our cousins and new friends, too! We have additional puzzles we plan to share, and some that are currently in various stages of development include:
Content and Accuracy
The site is a work in progress, built from ongoing research which, by its nature, is incomplete. Where secondary sources have been used, attempts have been made (or are being made) to locate a primary source or original document to verify or disprove the secondary source information. In most cases, erroneous information that had originally been included, and then proven to be incorrect has been identified and explained. In some instances, however, false information was deleted entirely. These deletions occurred primarily in the very beginning of the research process -- before it was learned that "bad" information, with verification and source citations, could be a valuable tool in future research. All opinions expressed and conclusions drawn are those of this researcher unless attributed to another source.