Daughter Carver1

b. 1806
Father*Cornilius Carver1 b. b 1765
Mother*Sally Goodman1
Birth*1806Daughter Carver was possibly born about 1806.1

Citations

  1. [S2237] Britt Family Documents and Transcriptions, online at www.ancestry.com. Grouped within this source title are a variety of documents, transcriptions of documents, information from Bible records, written reports by past genealogists and researchers, and other miscellaneous information we have found attached to a variety of Ancestry public trees and used to increase our understanding of the extensive Britt family of Virginia, Tennessee and Kentucky. We thank all of the individuals who have made this information available; “Carver Analysis”, an analysis of the family of Cornelius Carver dated 1983, Barren County, Kentucky, prepared by Lois Grider Black; originally shared by cczink on 12 August 2009, viewed on 8 September 2021, online at https://www.ancestry.com/mediaui-viewer/tree/80007743/…. Hereinafter cited as Britt Family Documents and Transcriptions.

Delia J. Carver1

b. 1840
Father*James Carver1 b. 1818
Mother*Malinda Bridges1 b. 1822, d. 1855
Birth*1840Delia J. Carver was born about 1840 in Kentucky.1
(Daughter) Death1855Her mother died about 1855, probably in Barren County, Kentucky, at about age 32.2,3
(Daughter) DeathHer father, in his early 40s, had probably also died before the 1860 census was taken, when Delia and her siblings were enumerated in different households of various friends and relatives.3,2,4
Census US 1860*1 August 1860[P1R] was enumerated as "Delila" on the 1860 census taken on 1 August 1860 in District 2, Glasgow Post Office, Barren County, Kentucky, in the household of Franklin and Harriett Berry. Delia was 20 years of age and could not read or write.3
Marriage*1863She married Jesse Bewley, son of Jesse Bewley and Elizabeth C. Powell, in 1863, probably in Barren County, Kentucky.5

Family

Jesse Bewley b. Nov 1845

Citations

  1. [S17] 1850 United States Federal Census, online at www.ancestry.com, household of James and Malinda Carver, Year: 1850; Census Place: Division 1, Barren, Kentucky; Roll: 191; Page: 388a. Hereinafter cited as 1850 United States Federal Census.
  2. [S18] 1860 United States Federal Census, online at www.ancestry.com, household of John S. and Tarlice Elmore, Year: 1860; Census Place: District 2, Barren, Kentucky; Page: 949. Hereinafter cited as 1860 United States Federal Census.
  3. [S18] 1860 United States Federal Census, online at www.ancestry.com, household of Franklin and Harriett Berry, Year: 1860; Census Place: District 2, Barren, Kentucky; Page: 950.
  4. [S18] 1860 United States Federal Census, online at www.ancestry.com, household of A. C. and C. A. Dickerson, Year: 1860; Census Place: District 2, Barren, Kentucky; Page: 904.
  5. [S34] 1900 United States Federal Census, online at www.ancestry.com, household of Jesse and Delia Bewley, Year: 1900; Census Place: Rocky Hill Station, Edmonson, Kentucky; Page: 11; Enumeration District: 0034; FHL microfilm: 1240518. Hereinafter cited as 1900 United States Federal Census.

Eleazer Carver1

Marriage*He married Experience __?__.1

Family

Experience __?__
Children1.Deacon Eleazer Carver+1 b. c 1670, d. 25 Jan 1744
2.Experience Carver+1
3.Joseph Carver+1 b. c 1700, d. 24 Sep 1778
4.Mehitable Carver+1 b. c 1706, d. 14 Feb 1757

Citations

  1. [S474] Nahum Mitchell, History of the Early Settlement of Bridgewater in Plymouth County, Massachusetts, including an extensive Family Register. Note: page numbers differ slightly between publications used in our research, including FHL copy, Google Books, Boston Public Library eBooks online and our personal library reprint published by Heritage Books. (Baltimore, Maryland: Gateway Press, Inc., original publication date was 1840; reprinted for the third and fourth times in 1970 and 1975; first reprinted in 1897 by Henry T. Pratt, Bridgewater, Massachusetts; originally printed in 1840 by Kidder and Wright, Boston, Massachusetts), Carver, pages 129-130. Hereinafter cited as History of the Early Settlement of Bridgewater.

Deacon Eleazer Carver1

b. circa 1670, d. 25 January 1744
Father*Eleazer Carver2
Mother*Experience __?__2
Birth*circa 1670Eleazer Carver was born circa 1670, as calculated from his gravestone's noted age at death.1
Marriage*He married Katherine __?__.3
(Lands Committee) Estate and Land25 September 1730He served on a special committee of five freeholders, including Joseph Alden, Joseph Edson, Eleazer Carver, Daniel Hudson and Jonathan Sprague, who were appointed by Judge Isaac Winslow on 15 June 1730 to inventory the land of the deceased, Mary Bolton, a single woman, late of Bridgewater, and to determine, in their best judgment, an equitable division of her real estate, which they estimated to be 6 acres. Their recommendation was submitted to the court on 10 August 1730, approved on 21 August 1730, and the lands were distributed in ten equal shares or lots on 25 September 1730 to Mary's mother, Sarah (Chesebrough) Bolton, and siblings, John Bolton, Samuel Bolton, Sarah (Bolton) Leonard, Elizabeth (Bolton) May, Nicholas Bolton, Elisha Bolton, Joseph Bolton, Nathaniel Bolton, and Abigail Bolton.4,5
Death*25 January 1744He died on 25 January 1744 in Bridgewater, Plymouth County, Massachusetts Bay Province (New England), in his 75th year.1

Family

Katherine __?__
Child1.Eleazer Carver Jr.+6 b. 6 Dec 1724, d. 15 May 1755

Citations

  1. [S836] New England Historic Genealogical Society, compiler, downloaded from Google Books, Vital Records of Bridgewater, Massachusetts to the Year 1850. In two Volumes: Volume I. Births and Volume II. Marriages and Deaths. (Boston, Massachusetts: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 1916), Deaths, Volume II, page 444, referencing G.R.7: citing a gravestone record at the Old Graveyard in Bridgewater. Hereinafter cited as Vital Records of Bridgewater, Massachusetts to 1850.
  2. [S474] Nahum Mitchell, History of the Early Settlement of Bridgewater in Plymouth County, Massachusetts, including an extensive Family Register. Note: page numbers differ slightly between publications used in our research, including FHL copy, Google Books, Boston Public Library eBooks online and our personal library reprint published by Heritage Books. (Baltimore, Maryland: Gateway Press, Inc., original publication date was 1840; reprinted for the third and fourth times in 1970 and 1975; first reprinted in 1897 by Henry T. Pratt, Bridgewater, Massachusetts; originally printed in 1840 by Kidder and Wright, Boston, Massachusetts), Carver, pages 129-130. Hereinafter cited as History of the Early Settlement of Bridgewater.
  3. [S474] Nahum Mitchell, History of the Early Settlement of Bridgewater, Carver, pages 129-130, her given name spelled "Catherine."
  4. [S1127] Mary Bolton, Probate (1730 Bridgewater, Plymouth County) Case number 2220, Box 107049 on FHL Film# 2426726. Probate file papers 1686-1881, Plymouth County, Massachusetts; microfilm of records at Supreme Judicial Court, Boston, on 246 microfilm reels. LDS Family History Library, Salt Lake City, Utah. Hereinafter cited as Probate of Mary Bolton (1730 Bridgewater).
  5. [S624] Probate records, 1686-1903; with index and docket, 1685-1967, Massachusetts Probate Court (Plymouth County), microfilm of originals at Plymouth, Massachusetts on 157 microfilm reels filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, Salt Lake City, 1968. Includes Index. LDS Family History Library, Salt Lake City, Utah, FHL Film# 549782, Index and Docket Abe-Bur 1685-1881, Case number 2220; FHL Film# 550705, Index to probates 1686-1820; FHL Film# 550511, Probates 1724-1731, Volume 5, pages 704-705, 780-786 and 789-790. Hereinafter cited as Plymouth County Massachusetts Probate (Index) 1686-1903.
  6. [S836] New England Historic Genealogical Society, Vital Records of Bridgewater, Massachusetts to 1850, Deaths, Volume II, page 444, citing G.R.7.

Eleazer Carver Jr.1

b. 6 December 1724, d. 15 May 1755
Father*Deacon Eleazer Carver2 b. c 1670, d. 25 Jan 1744
Mother*Katherine __?__3
Birth*6 December 1724Eleazer Carver Jr. was born on 6 December 1724 in Bridgewater, Plymouth County, Massachusetts Bay Province (New England).4
Marriage*3 April 1746He married Hepzibah Perkins, daughter of Thomas Perkins and Mary Washburn, on 3 April 1746 in Bridgewater, Plymouth County, Massachusetts Bay Province (New England).1,5,6
Death*15 May 1755He died on 15 May 1755 in Bridgewater at age 307
Burial* and was buried in Old Graveyard, Bridgewater, Plymouth County, Massachusetts Bay Province (New England). His gravestone marked his death in his 31st year.7

Family

Hepzibah Perkins b. 15 Feb 1719/20, d. 12 Apr 1800
Children1.Mary Carver8 b. 28 Aug 1748, d. 2 Dec 1811
2.Bethiah Carver8 b. 6 Jul 1754, d. 19 May 1821

Citations

  1. [S474] Nahum Mitchell, History of the Early Settlement of Bridgewater in Plymouth County, Massachusetts, including an extensive Family Register. Note: page numbers differ slightly between publications used in our research, including FHL copy, Google Books, Boston Public Library eBooks online and our personal library reprint published by Heritage Books. (Baltimore, Maryland: Gateway Press, Inc., original publication date was 1840; reprinted for the third and fourth times in 1970 and 1975; first reprinted in 1897 by Henry T. Pratt, Bridgewater, Massachusetts; originally printed in 1840 by Kidder and Wright, Boston, Massachusetts), Perkins, pages 277-281. Hereinafter cited as History of the Early Settlement of Bridgewater.
  2. [S836] New England Historic Genealogical Society, compiler, downloaded from Google Books, Vital Records of Bridgewater, Massachusetts to the Year 1850. In two Volumes: Volume I. Births and Volume II. Marriages and Deaths. (Boston, Massachusetts: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 1916), Deaths, Volume II, page 444, citing G.R.7. Hereinafter cited as Vital Records of Bridgewater, Massachusetts to 1850.
  3. [S474] Nahum Mitchell, History of the Early Settlement of Bridgewater, Carver, pages 129-130, her given name spelled "Catherine."
  4. [S836] New England Historic Genealogical Society, Vital Records of Bridgewater, Massachusetts to 1850, Births, Volume 1, page 65.
  5. [S470] Collected by Harvey Cushman Pierce, Seven Pierce Families, a record of births, deaths and marriages of the first seven generations of Pierces in America, including a record of the descendants of Abial Peirce to the present (Strasburg, Virginia and Washington DC: originally printed by Shenandoah Publishing House and reprinted by Higginson Book Company, 1936), Section 4, The Descendants of Michael Pierce of Scituate, Massachusetts, pages 145-214. Hereinafter cited as Seven Pierce Families.
  6. [S836] New England Historic Genealogical Society, Vital Records of Bridgewater, Massachusetts to 1850, Marriages, Volume II, page 72.
  7. [S836] New England Historic Genealogical Society, Vital Records of Bridgewater, Massachusetts to 1850, Deaths, Volume II, page 444, referencing G.R.7: citing a gravestone record at the Old Graveyard in Bridgewater.
  8. [S474] Nahum Mitchell, History of the Early Settlement of Bridgewater, Carver, pages 129-130.

Elisha Carver1

b. 1801, d. 5 September 1842
Father*Cornilius Carver2,3 b. b 1765
Mother*Sally Goodman3
Birth*1801Elisha Carver was born about 1801.4
Marriage*21 April 1823He married first Tempy Bullington on 21 April 1823 in Barren County, Kentucky.5,2
(Brother) Land RecordsAugust 1828John Carver and his wife, Elizabeth Carver, sold 75 acres of land, more or less, on Peters Creek, Barren County, Kentucky, to John's brother, Elisha Carver, in August 1828. The deed identified the land as part of the land that had been purchased by John, jointly with his brother, William, from Benjamin W. Clark in 1823. Our transcription of the 1828 deed follows:

This indenture made and entered into this ___ day of August 1828 by and between John Carver and Elizabeth Carver, his wife, of the County of Barren and State of Kentucky of the one part and Elisha Carver of the other part. Witnesseth that the said John Carver and Elizabeth his wife, for and in consideration of the sum of $118 current money to them in hand paid by the said Elisha Carver at or before the ensealing and delivery of these presents, the receipt whereof they do hereby acknowledge, have bargained, granted, sold and delivered, and do by these presents bargain, grant, sell and deliver unto the said Elisha Carver one certain tract or parcel of land being part of the tract conveyed from Benjamin W. Clark and wife unto John and William Carver and bounded as follows, viz: Beginning at a beech and sugar tree on the South side of Peters or Snells Creek, corner to Jesse Buley, running down the Creek N 43 W 44 poles to two small poplars within the fence on the bank of the creek, thence S 50 W 37 poles to a sugar tree S 83 W 73 poles to two beeches in Chapline’s line with the same S __ poles to a white oak, poplar and beech on a ridge, thence S 82 E __ poles to a beech and elm formerly Burton and Moore’s corner, thence N 70 poles to the beginning, supposed to contain 75 acres be the same more or less. To have and to hold the said land and premises with all and singular the appurtenances thereunto belonging or in any wise appertaining. And the said John Carver and Elizabeth his wife doth covenant and agree that they will forever warrant and defend a good and lawful right and title in fee simple of said land and premises unto the said Elisha Carver, his heirs and assigns forever. In witness whereof they have hereunto set their hands and affixed their seals the same day and year first in the indenture written.

The signatures of both John and Elizabeth Carver were sealed with their X marks in the presence of James Frazier and Hardin Davis, who signed their names as witnesses. The deed was recorded in Barren County, Kentucky in January 1830.6
(Grantee) Land Records2 August 1831Elisha Carver purchased about 23 acres of land on Barren County, Kentucky, upon which he was then residing, from Jesse Bewley and his wife Mary, on 2 August 1831. Our transcription of the deed follows:

This indenture made and entered this 2nd day of August 1831 by and between Jesse Bewley and Mary, his wife, of the County of Barren and State of Kentucky of the one part and Elisha Carver of the other part, Witnesseth that the said Jesse Bewley and Mary his wife for and in consideration of the sum of $100 to them in hand paid by the said Elisha Carver at or before the ensealing and delivery of these presents, the receipt whereof they do hereby acknowledge, have bargained, granted, sold and conveyed, and do by these presents bargain, grant, sell and convey unto the said Elisha Carver one certain tract or parcel of land lying on Peters Creek in the County and State aforesaid, being the land whereon said Carver now resides and bounded as follows, viz:

Beginning at a beech and sugar tree on the South bank of said Creek, thence due S 74 poles to a beech and elm in the old line with the same, S 78½ E 25 poles crossing a branch to a hickory, N 66½ E 45 poles to a beech, N 27¼ W 44 poles to a beech at a small spring, N37 W43 poles to a sugar tree and the bank of the creek down the same with the meanders 17 poles to the Beginning, containing 23 acres more or less, to have and to hold the said land aforesaid with all and singular the appurtenances thereunto belonging, and the said Jesse Bewley and Mary his wife to covenant and agree that they will for themselves and their heirs forever warrant and defend the said land and premises in fee simple unto the said Elisha Carver, his heirs and assigns. In witness whereof they have hereunto set their hands and seals the same day and date above written.

The signatures of both Jesse and Mary Bewley were sealed in the presence of Asa Young and James Frazier, who signed their names as witnesses. The deed was recorded in Barren County, Kentucky on 1 August 1832.7
Land Records*17 August 1833 On 17 August 1833, Elisha Carver purchased 200 acres of land on Barren County, Kentucky, from George M. Pryor, agent and attorney-in-fact for Ann D. Shirley, for $100. Our transcription of the deed follows:

This indenture made and entered into between Ann D. Shirley of the Borough of Norfolk and State of Virginia by George M. Pryor, her attorney-in-fact (whose power is duly recorded in the Barren County Court Clerk’s Office) of Barren County and State of Kentucky of the one part and Elisha Carver of Barren County and State aforesaid of the other part, Witnesseth that the said Ann D. Shirley, for and in consideration of the sum of $100 lawful money in hand paid, the receipt whereof is hereby acknowledged, has bargained and sold and, by these presents, doth bargain and sell unto the said Elisha Carver a certain tract or parcel of land situate on Peters Creek in said County of Barren, being part of a 1333 1/3 acre survey patented to the heirs of Robert Tompkins, deceased, by patent dated the 15th day of March 1800, and the part of said survey hereby intended to be conveyed is bounded as follows:

Beginning at a beech on Peter’s Creek, thence N West 220 poles to a large poplar in the original line, thence South 6 degrees East 54 poles to two beeches and a poplar on a branch, thence up the branch South 55 degrees West 54 poles to a poplar and beech, thence South 6 degrees East 61 poles to the beeches and hickory near the road, thence with the road South 58 ½ East, leaving the road at 30 poles, in all 45 poles to two beeches and hickory, thence North 81 degrees East 220 poles to a stake in the Original line, thence to the Beginning, containing 200 acres. To have and to hold unto the said Elisha Carver, his heirs and assigns forever, and the said Ann D. Shirley by these presents doth and will forever warrant and defend the title of the aforesaid tract of land to the said Elisha Carver, his heirs and assigns forever, against the claim of all and every person or persons whomsoever. In witness whereof the said Ann D. Shirley by her agent and Attorney in fact, George M. Pryor, hath hereunto set her hand and seal the 17th day of August 1833.

The signature of Ann D. Shirley was sealed by her Attorney-in-fact George M. Pryor, and the deed was recorded in Barren County, Kentucky the same day.8
(Husband) Deathbefore 3 January 1840Elisha became a widower when Tempy (Bullington) Carver died.9
Marriage6 February 1840He married second Louisa Harrison, daughter of Robert Harrison and Nancy Payne, on 6 February 1840 in Barren County, Kentucky.

A marriage bond was issued to Elisha Carver and Alexander Davasher on that date obligating them to the sum of £50 on the condition of the intended marriage shortly to be solemnized between the above bound Elisha Carver and Louisa Harrison. Robert Harrison, Louisa's father, had prepared a written statement for the County Clerk, dated 3 January 1840, confirming his approval for the marriage and explaining that he was unable to make the trip to town himself. He requested that his written document, which was witnessed by Alexander Davasher and Andrew Woodcock, be accepted by the Clerk, and that the marriage be permitted to take place. The marriage, we believe, was solemnized the same day the marriage bond was issued.9,4
Land Records*20 November 1841Charlotte Carver sold, and relinquished all of her right, title and dower interest in, a certain tract of land on the waters of Barren County, Kentucky, that had been owned by her deceased husband, William Carver, to her brother-in-law, Elisha Carver, who was the Administrator of her husband's estate. Our transcription of the deed follows:

This indenture made and entered into this 20th November 1841 between Charlotte Carver of the County of Barren and State of Kentucky of the one part and Elisha Carver of the County and State aforesaid of the other part. Witnesseth that in and for the consideration of $150, the receipt whereof is hereby acknowledged, I have on this day bargained and sold and by these presents do bargain, sell and relinquish all of my right, title and dower interest in a certain tract of land on the waters of Peters Creek owned by William Carver, my husband, to the said Elisha Carver to have and to hold, to the said Elisha Carver during my life, and I bind myself to warrant and defend the title to the said land against the claim or claims of all persons or person whatever. In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand and seal the day and date above written.

The signature of Charlotte Carver was sealed with her X mark and witnessed by Alexander L. Devasher, who signed his name, and by Barnett Young, who signed with his X mark.10
Death*5 September 1842He died in the care of his doctor on 5 September 1842 at his home in Barren County, Kentucky, at about age 41.4,11

Family 1

Tempy Bullington d. b 3 Jan 1840
Children1.Emily Jane Carver12 b. 1824
2.Lucy Carver+12 b. 1826
3.Elizabeth Carver12
4.Marthy Ann Carver12
5.James L. Carver12 b. 1832
6.John Carver12 d. b 29 Jan 1849
7.Sarah F. Carver12 d. b 29 Jan 1849

Family 2

Louisa Harrison b. 14 Oct 1819, d. 8 Jul 1906
Child1.Mary T. Carver+1 b. 18 Oct 1841, d. 22 Nov 1938

Citations

  1. [S748] Find a Grave website, which often provides cemetery and tombstone photos, and sometimes personal biographies, that may be obtained from the site, online at www.findagrave.com, Mary Tom (Carver) Britt, Memorial# 114350717. Hereinafter cited as Find a Grave website.
  2. [S2231] Kentucky, County Marriages, 1797-1954, online from the Family History Library, www.familysearch.org, marriage bond issued on 21 April 1823 in Barren County, Kentucky, to Elisha Carver and Cornelius Carver obligating them to the sum of £50 on the condition of the intended marriage shortly to be solemnized between the above bound Elisha Carver and Tempy Bullington, citing FHL Digital# 005552447, image# 1163 of 1278. Hereinafter cited as Kentucky, County Marriages, 1797-1954.
  3. [S2237] Britt Family Documents and Transcriptions, online at www.ancestry.com. Grouped within this source title are a variety of documents, transcriptions of documents, information from Bible records, written reports by past genealogists and researchers, and other miscellaneous information we have found attached to a variety of Ancestry public trees and used to increase our understanding of the extensive Britt family of Virginia, Tennessee and Kentucky. We thank all of the individuals who have made this information available; “Carver Analysis”, an analysis of the family of Cornelius Carver dated 1983, Barren County, Kentucky, prepared by Lois Grider Black; originally shared by cczink on 12 August 2009, viewed on 8 September 2021, online at https://www.ancestry.com/mediaui-viewer/tree/80007743/…. Hereinafter cited as Britt Family Documents and Transcriptions.
  4. [S748] Find a Grave website, online at www.findagrave.com, Louisa (Harrison) Carver, Memorial# 114351052.
  5. [S1698] Kentucky, Compiled Marriages, 1802-1850, online at www.ancestry.com, marriage on 21 April 1823 in Barren County, Kentucky, USA, of Elisha Carver and Tempy Bullington. Hereinafter cited as Kentucky, Compiled Marriages, 1802-1850.
  6. [S2249] Kentucky. Circuit Court (Barren County), Equity judgments with general index ca. 1813-1931. Microfilm of originals in Glasgow, Kentucky; includes general index. FHL catalog warns that years are mixed and instructs to look up name in index, find bundle number, and look through bundle number until name is found: Film# 218713, Digital# 8685854, Case# 1472 filed 10 February 1846, Martin and Emily J. Wood vs. other heirs of Elisha Carver (1801-1842), image# 172-208 of 765, deed dated August 1828, recorded January 1830, John and Elizabeth Carver to Elisha Carver, image# 181-182 of 765; on 144 microfilm reels, viewed online at www.familysearch.org, www.familysearch.org, Salt Lake City, Utah. Hereinafter cited as Equity judgments with general index ca. 1813-1931 (Barren County, Kentucky Circuit Court).
  7. [S2249] Kentucky. Circuit Court (Barren County), Equity judgments with general index ca. 1813-1931 (Barren County, Kentucky Circuit Court): Film# 218713, Digital# 8685854, Case# 1472 filed 10 February 1846, Martin and Emily J. Wood vs. other heirs of Elisha Carver (1801-1842), image# 172-208 of 765, deed dated 2 August 1831, recorded on 1 August 1832, Jesse and Mary Bewley to Elisha Carver, image# 187-188 of 765; on 144 microfilm reels.
  8. [S2249] Kentucky. Circuit Court (Barren County), Equity judgments with general index ca. 1813-1931 (Barren County, Kentucky Circuit Court): Film# 218713, Digital# 8685854, Case# 1472 filed 10 February 1846, Martin and Emily J. Wood vs. other heirs of Elisha Carver (1801-1842), image# 172-208 of 765, deed dated 17 August 1833, recorded same date, to Elisha Carver from Ann D Shirley, image# 184-185 of 765; on 144 microfilm reels.
  9. [S2231] Kentucky, County Marriages, 1797-1954, online at www.familysearch.org, marriage bond issued in Barren County, Kentucky, to Elisha Carver and Alexander Davasher obligating them to the sum of £50 on the condition of the intended marriage shortly to be solemnized between the above bound Elisha Carver and Louise Harrison, both of Barren County; attaching a note from Louisa's father, Robert Harrison, stating his approval of the marriage and that he was unable to come to town in person, his note dated 3 January 1840 and witnessed by Alexander Davasher and Andrew Woodcock, FHL Digital# 005552451, image# 473-474 of 1160.
  10. [S2249] Kentucky. Circuit Court (Barren County), Equity judgments with general index ca. 1813-1931 (Barren County, Kentucky Circuit Court): Film# 218713, Digital# 8685854, Case# 1472 filed 10 February 1846, Martin and Emily J. Wood vs. other heirs of Elisha Carver (1801-1842), image# 172-208 of 765, deed dated 20 November 1841, recorded the same day, Charlotte Carver to Elisha Carver, image# 208 of 765; on 144 microfilm reels.
  11. [S2237] Britt Family Documents and Transcriptions, online at www.ancestry.com, a page from the estate settlement of Elisha Carver copied from the 1842 Will Book at the Barren County Court House, Glasgow, Kentucky in 1980; originally shared by cczink on 11 August 2009, viewed on 29 August 2021, online at https://www.ancestry.com/mediaui-viewer/tree/18383251/….
  12. [S2249] Kentucky. Circuit Court (Barren County), Equity judgments with general index ca. 1813-1931 (Barren County, Kentucky Circuit Court): Film# 218713, Digital# 8685854, Case# 1472 filed 10 February 1846, Martin and Emily J. Wood vs. other heirs of Elisha Carver (1801-1842), image# 172-208 of 765; on 144 microfilm reels.

Elisha Carver1

b. 1822
Father*Jonathan Carver2 b. 1789, d. Jan 1858
Mother*Betsey Rainey2 b. 1789
Birth*1822Elisha Carver was born about 1822 in Kentucky.1
Name VariationHe was called Eli.2
(Surety) Marriage Bond3 September 1845A marriage bond was issued to Martin Wood and Elisha Carver in Barren County, Kentucky, on 3 September 1845 obligating them for the marriage between Martin Wood and Emily Jane Carver, which was intended to be solemnized shortly. Elisha Carver was a 1st cousin of Emily Jane.3
(Surety) Marriage Bond17 August 1847A marriage bond was issued to John S. Elmore and Eli Carver in Barren County, Kentucky, on 17 August 1847, obligating them to the marriage intended to be shortly solemnized between John S. Elmore and Mary Carver. Eli Carver was Mary's older brother, and their parents, Betsey and Jonathan Carver, signed their consent for the marriage.2
Marriage*12 December 1848He married Rebecca Bewley, daughter of Thomas Bewley and Martha Bridges, on 12 December 1848 in Barren County, Kentucky.4
Census US 1850*28 September 1850Rebecca and Elisha Carver were enumerated on the 1850 census taken on 28 September 1850 in Division 1, Barren County, Kentucky. Elisha was 28 years of age and a farmer, and Rebecca was age 22. Neither of them was able to read or write. Enumerated with them in 1850 was their son William, who was six months old. Three days earlier, Rebecca had also been enumerated with her siblings and parents in their household. Elisha's brother and sister-in-law, Malinda and James Carver, with their children, and Elisha's parents, Elizabeth and Jonathan Carver, with another brother, John P. Carver, were enumerated on either side, and immediately next to, Elisha and Rebecca on the 1850 census.1
(Executor) Probate18 January 1858Elisha was appointed Executor on 18 January 1858 in Barren County, Kentucky, for the estate of his father who had died intestate. Elisha's brother, John P. Carver, joined as Surety.5

Family

Rebecca Bewley b. 1828
Child1.William Carver1 b. Dec 1849

Citations

  1. [S17] 1850 United States Federal Census, online at www.ancestry.com, household of Elisha and Rebecca Carver, Year: 1850; Census Place: Division 1, Barren, Kentucky; Roll: 191; Page: 388a. Hereinafter cited as 1850 United States Federal Census.
  2. [S1739] Kentucky, U.S., County Marriage Records, 1783-1965, online at www.ancestry.com, marriage bond issued on 17 August 1847 in Barren County, Kentucky, USA, to John Elmore and Eli Carver obligating them to the marriage intended to be shortly solemnized between John Elmore and Mary Carver, her parents, John and Elizabeth Carver, signing their consent for the marriage, citing FHL Film# 000209756. Hereinafter cited as Kentucky, U.S., County Marriage Records, 1783-1965.
  3. [S2231] Kentucky, County Marriages, 1797-1954, online from the Family History Library, www.familysearch.org, marriage of Emily Carver and Martin Wood on 13 November 1845 in Barren County, Kentucky; preceded by a marriage bond dated 3 September 1845 issued to Martin Wood and Elisha Carver obligating them to the marriage of Martin Wood and Emily Carver which was intended to be solemnized shortly, citing digital# 5552452, image# 738 of 914. Hereinafter cited as Kentucky, County Marriages, 1797-1954.
  4. [S1739] Kentucky, U.S., County Marriage Records, 1783-1965, online at www.ancestry.com, marriage on 12 December 1848 in Barren County, Kentucky, USA, of Elisha Carver and Rebecca Bewley, citing FHL Film# 000209756.
  5. [S2230] Kentucky, U.S., Wills and Probate Records, 1774-1989, online at www.ancestry.com, probate of the estate of John Carver, died intestate, opened on 18 January 1858 in Barren County, Kentucky, USA, Elisha Carver appointed executor with John P. Carver Surety, referencing Administrator Bonds, 1848-1869, Mixed Probate Records, 1799-1884, Kentucky. County Court (Barren County), Barren, Kentucky. Hereinafter cited as Kentucky, U.S., Wills and Probate Records, 1774-1989.

Elisha W. Carver1

b. 1849
Father*James Carver1 b. 1818
Mother*Malinda Bridges1 b. 1822, d. 1855
Birth*1849Elisha W. Carver was born about 1849 in Kentucky.1
(Son) Death1855His mother died about 1855, probably in Barren County, Kentucky, at about age 32.2,3
(Son) DeathHis father, in his early 40s, had probably also died before the 1860 census was taken, when Elisha and his siblings were enumerated in different households of various friends and relatives.3,2,4
Census US 1860*5 July 1860Elisha was enumerated as "E. W." on the 1860 census taken on 5 July 1860 in the household of A. C. and C. A. Dickerson in District 2, Glasgow Post Office, Barren County, Kentucky. He was 10 years old and had attended school within the census year.4

Citations

  1. [S17] 1850 United States Federal Census, online at www.ancestry.com, household of James and Malinda Carver, Year: 1850; Census Place: Division 1, Barren, Kentucky; Roll: 191; Page: 388a. Hereinafter cited as 1850 United States Federal Census.
  2. [S18] 1860 United States Federal Census, online at www.ancestry.com, household of John S. and Tarlice Elmore, Year: 1860; Census Place: District 2, Barren, Kentucky; Page: 949. Hereinafter cited as 1860 United States Federal Census.
  3. [S18] 1860 United States Federal Census, online at www.ancestry.com, household of Franklin and Harriett Berry, Year: 1860; Census Place: District 2, Barren, Kentucky; Page: 950.
  4. [S18] 1860 United States Federal Census, online at www.ancestry.com, household of A. C. and C. A. Dickerson, Year: 1860; Census Place: District 2, Barren, Kentucky; Page: 904.

Elizabeth Carver1

b. 10 September 1731, d. after 28 June 1773
Father*Joseph Carver1 b. c 1700, d. 24 Sep 1778
Mother*Elizabeth Snow1 b. 5 May 1705, d. 6 Jul 1755
Birth*10 September 1731Elizabeth Carver was born on 10 September 1731 in Bridgewater, Plymouth County, Massachusetts Bay Province (New England).1
Marriage*13 December 1757She married Samuel Packard IV on 13 December 1757 in Bridgewater, Plymouth County, Massachusetts Bay Province (New England).2,1
Death*after 28 June 1773She died after 28 June 1773.1

Family

Samuel Packard IV b. 21 Dec 1734, d. a 19 Feb 1777
Children1.Bettie Packard1 b. 4 Sep 1758
2.Silvia Packard1 b. 16 Nov 1760

Citations

  1. [S416] The Alden Kindred Database, online at www.alden.org. The Alden Organization states that "the Alden Kindred Database is incomplete. It is not yet a complete listing of all Alden descendants; nor of all members of the Kindred. It contains information taken from various sources including Alden Kindred lineage papers, Mayflower Five Generations Project research, published genealogies, and other databases, not all of which has been fully documented." Nevertheless, some information obtained from the Alden Kindred Database has been included in this collection with the knowledge that, even if not accurate, may provide valuable clues. Information provided, unless additional proof has been offered, has not yet been verified and cannot be guaranteed. Hereinafter cited as Alden Kindred Database.
  2. [S451] Massachusetts Vital Records to the Year 1850 - NEHGS, online at www.newenglandancestors.org. Hereinafter cited as Massachusetts Vital Records to 1850 - NEHGS.

Elizabeth Carver1

Father*Elisha Carver1 b. 1801, d. 5 Sep 1842
Mother*Tempy Bullington1 d. b 3 Jan 1840
(Child) Land Records21 June 1845An indenture was made and entered into on 21 June 1845 between William Garnett, a Commissioner who had been appointed by the Barren Circuit Court of Barren County, Kentucky, of the one part, and Isaac D. Powell and Thomas G. Powell of the second part, regarding a suit that had been brought by the Powells against Louisa Carver and the infant children of Elisha Carver, deceased. We note that only six of the children, Emily Carver, Lucy Carver, Elizabeth Carver, Martha Carver, John Carver and Mary T. Carver, were named, and that James L. Carver and Sarah F. Carver, also infant children of Elisha Carver, were not. Our transcription of the deed follows:

This indenture made and entered into the 21st day of June 1845 between William Garnett, a Commissioner appointed by the Barren Circuit Court, on the one part, and Isaac D. Powell and Thomas G. Powell of the second part, Witnesseth that whereas by a decree of the Barren Circuit Court, ordered at the June Term 1845 in a suit between the said Powells, Complainants, and Louisa Carver and others, Defendants, William Garnett was appointed a Commissioner and directed to convey to the Complainants by deed with general warranties all the right, title and interest which said infant defendants, to wit: Emily Carver, Lucy Carver, Martha Carver, Elizabeth Carver, John Carver and Mary T. Carver have in and to the tract of land in the suit and exhibit mentioned. Said land is described in the exhibit filed in said cause to be bounded as follows, to wit: Beginning at a sycamore and beech on Peters and Snells Creek, thence S 31 W 110 poles to a white oak and hickory, thence S 60 W 32 poles to a white oak and hickory on Graham’s Original line, thence with the same N 23 W 66 poles to a sugar tree and beech, thence N 60 E 27 poles to two beeches on the ridge, thence N 20 E 57 poles to a gum on Clark’s line, thence with the same S 82 E 76 poles to the beginning, containing 43 acres more or less.

Now, in consideration of the premises, and for the further consideration of $86 acknowledged in said exhibit, to have been paid to the ancestor of said infant defendants, I William Garnett as Commissioner on the part of said infant defendants, do hereby convey to the Complainants, all the right, title and interest which said infant defendants, Emily Carver, etc., have in and to the above-described land, to the Powells, their heirs and assigns forever. To have and to hold the same free from the claim or claims of the said infant Carvers and all other persons. In witness whereof, I as Commissioner, do hereunto set my hand and seal the day and year aforesaid.

The signature of William Garnett, Commissioner, was sealed, and the deed was recorded in Barren County, Kentucky in July 1845.2
(3rd Daughter) Court Action10 February 1846Elizabeth was named as a defendant, along with her siblings and other heirs of her father, in a lawsuit filed by her sister and brother-in-law, Emily Jane and Martin Wood.

Case# 1472 was filed on 10 February 1846 in the Circuit Court at Glasgow, Barren County, Kentucky, whereby Martin Wood and Emily Jane his wife, who had been married on 13 September 1845 by Henry Lee in Barren County, stated that Emily Jane was the daughter and one of the heirs of Elisha Carver, deceased, and that said Carver was possessed of a tract of land lying in Barren County on the waters of Peters Creek containing 280 acres, and that Carver at the time of his death had legal title to the land, and that he died intestate.

Elisha Carver left a widow, Louisa Carver, and the following children: Lucy Carver, since intermarried with James Carver, Elizabeth Carver, Marthy Ann Carver, James L. Carver, John Carver, Mary T. Carver, and Sarah F. Carver, who with Emily Jane (Carver) Wood, were his only children and legal representatives. The six last named, except Emily, being infants under 21 years of age.

Martin and Emily stated that the land was rapidly deteriorating in value, and would in a few years be seriously and irreparably damaged by exhausting the arable land, and cutting and destroying the timber.

They stated that the land could not be advantageously divided as the share of each of the heirs would be less than $100, and that it would be to the advantage of all to sell the land and divide the proceeds.

An amendment to the above bill stated that James Jameson, Sheriff of Barren County, was appointed by the Barron County court to administer the estate of Elisha Carver, deceased, and that H. P. Curd, Deputy Sheriff for Jameson, acted as Administrator. The Plaintiffs asked that Curd be made a Defendant to the suit, and made to state the amount of the estate that had come into his hands.

In another amendment dated 21 March 1846, the Complainants stated that they understood that Charlotte Carver or her children, Joel Y. and Catherine Carver, had some claim, or pretended claim, on the estate of Elisha Carver, deceased. For the purpose of contesting all things in this suit, they asked the court to make them and John G. Rogers, who had been appointed Guardian of Joel Y. and Catherine Carver, defendants to their suit and any other bills therein, and that they answer.

Charlotte Carver’s response was filed on 26 June 1846, stating that Elisha Carver’s estate was indebted to her children, Joel Y. and Catherine Carver, in the amount of $38 each, for a total of $76. Mr. Curd, representing Charlotte, explained the indebtedness. He stated that Charlotte was the Administratrix of her deceased husband, William Carver's, estate, and that Elisha Carver was her security. Elisha became uneasy, and by way of making him safe, she sold to him her dower interest in the tract of land on which her husband lived and died, for and in consideration of his assuming to pay to Susan (Carver) Woodcock, Joel Y. and Catherine Carver the sum of $38 each being the amount of their respective interests in the estate of William Carver, their father. Elisha Carver thereafter paid Susan Woodcock her $38, but never paid Joel Y. or Catherine their parts. Curd stated that Charlotte claimed nothing for herself out of the estate of Elisha Carver, just what he owed her children.

H. P. Curd's testimony was filed on 21 March 1845, in which he admitted that Elisha Carver departed his life intestate and that by an order of the court he, Curd, as deputy for James Jameson, Sheriff, was qualified to administer the estate, which he did. He sold the personal property, settled the debts, and had in his possession $59.55 belonging to the estate. He testified that Charlotte Carver or her children, Joel Y. and Catherine, were claiming a debt of said estate amounting to $76., which she was alleging was the amount of the balance of the price agreed to be paid by Elisha for the tract of land. Curd claimed to know nothing of his own knowledge of the justness of the claim, and stated that if the claim was justly due and owing that so much of said tract of land be ordered and decreed sold as would pay the balance of $76, first deducting the amount he had in his possession, and allowing him his reasonable costs in defending the suit, including an attorney’s fee.

Testimony by attorney John G. Rogers, representing James Carver and Lucy Carver his wife, was filed on 15 June 1846. They admitted that Emily Wood was a daughter of Elisha Carver, deceased, and that he died intestate, that the heirs and legal representatives listed in the suit were correct, and that Lucy was one of the heirs and a child of Elisha Carver, deceased.

They denied that it would be to their interest to have the said land sold and the proceeds divided. They thought it would be better, and desired, that the land should be divided between the heirs, and that their portions be allotted to them even if the rest were to be sold.

The testimony of John G. Rogers, then testifying on his own behalf, was filed on 24 June 1846. He stated he was the Guardian of Joel Y. and Catherine Carver, the children of Charlotte Carver, and essentially made the same statements to the court that Charlotte had made. That Charlotte Carver was the wife of William Carver, and that her children were Susan Woodcock, Joel Y., and Catherine Carver. In addition, he told of the arrangement between Charlotte and Elisha Carver regarding her selling Elisha her dower interest in the land, that Elisha had paid Susan, and doubtless would have paid Joel Y. and Catherine if he had lived. He said Elisha died a short time thereafter.

Four deeds were submitted to the court as evidence in the court case:

John and Elizabeth Carver his wife, deed dated August 1828, sold to Elisha Carver for $118, one tract of land containing 75 acres on Peters Creek, Barren County, Kentucky, it being part of the tract conveyed by Benjamin W. Clark and his wife unto John and William Carver.

Jesse Bewley and Mary his wife, deed dated 2 August 1831, sold to Elisha Carver for $100, one tract of land on Peters Creek in Barren County, Kentucky, being the tract of land whereon Carver then lived, and the appurtenances thereon.

Ann D. Shirley of the Borough of Norfolk, State of Virginia, by George M. Pryer, her attorney-in-fact, deed dated 17 August 1833, sold to Elisha Carver for $100, 200 acres of land situated on Peters Creek, Barren County, Kentucky, it being part of a 1,333 1/3-acre survey patented to the heirs of Robert Tompkins, deceased, by patent dated 1 March 1800.


Charlotte Carver, deed dated 20 November 1841, sold to Elisha Carver for $150, and relinquished all her right of dower, her interest in a certain tract of land on Peters Creek owned by her husband William Carver, to have and to hold during her life.

Alexander L. Devasher was deposed on 17 September 1846 and asked about the current condition of Elisha Carver’s land which was believed to be occupied at the time by James Carver, one of the defendants in the case. In response to questions, Devasher stated he lived about two miles from James Carver, who he thought lived on the land upon which Elisha Carver lived and died. He said there were two or three different surveys, but it was all the same tract, and he thought James Carver had lived on the land for about three years.

Devasher was asked if he knew of James Carver, the defendant, having cut a great deal of salable timber off the land and sold it, and if Devasher had or had not bought timber from James Carver which came off the land. His response was that Carver had cut a right smart amount, such as board timber, rail timber, etc., but didn’t know much about the property lines and didn’t know whether they came off Elisha Carver’s land or not. He didn’t know of any that had been sold, except what he had heard. He said he had bought some rails from him, but didn’t know whether they came off that land or not.

Asked whether James Carver owned any other land in that neighborhood off of which he could have gotten the board and rail timber etc. he had mentioned, Devasher said James Carver didn’t own any other land except his interest in Elisha Carver’s tract of land.

Asked whether he knew if that land had been much injured and was not worth near as much since James Carver first went upon it to live, Devasher responded that he knew the place had gone to rack, and was not in as good repair as when Elisha Carver died.

Asked whether he knew or did not know that the land was not so valuable now for timber as when James Carver went on it, Devasher stated that if all the timber that had been cut was on the land, it would not be so valuable, but he didn’t know if all the timber was from that land. He didn’t know where the property line was.

Asked if he knew or did not know that James Carver had taken down a house and hauled it to the woods and there permitted the logs to rot, Devasher said they hauled a house out, it was said for Tom Williams to live in, but he didn’t know who the head manager was or anything about it. The logs, he reconned, were lying there yet, and he didn’t know anything about them. He had not seen them since.

Asked if he had not recently contracted with James Carver for a parcel of rails which were either on the land or to be made from the land, Devasher said he and Carver had been talking about trading for some rails, which he reconned were on the land, but they had not traded yet.

Another neighbor, Benjamin Littrell, was also deposed on 17 September 1846. He was asked if he knew or did not know of James Carver, one of the defendants in the case, having cut a great deal of valuable timber off of the land on which he was then living and upon which Elisha Carver died. He responded that there had been a right smart cut there, but he didn’t know that he cut it all. He had heard it said that he cut it, but he never saw him at it. He didn’t know that there was a great deal of valuable timber. There was some board timber, and some for plank, and some for hogsheads, cut off.

Asked if he knew or did not know that the place was much less valuable now than when James Carver went upon it, Littrell responded that he would not give as much for it as it was right smartly out of repair.

Asked how much he would say, or if he knew, to what extent the place had been injured, he said he hardly knew but at a rough guess would suppose, taking everything into consideration, that it had been injured something like $100.

Asked if he would please state, if he knew, in what way James Carver had been living on the land. Had he paid rent for it or not? Littrell responded that he couldn’t tell. He understood that Carver was to pay rent the first year, but how they had managed since he didn’t know.

Asked if he had bought timber from James Carver, the defendant, which grew upon the land, or knew of him selling to any other person, Littrell said he had never bought any from him himself, but understood that he had sold some plank and hogshead timber, which was said to have come off the land.

Asked if he knew if Carver, the defendant, had ever paid any rent for the said land, he said no. I don’t know that he ever has.

Note: No legal resolution, judgment or disposition of the suit was found in the court's case documents, although several deeds have been found in the records of Barren County, Kentucky that indicate that some actions to benefit Elisha's minor children were ordered by the Circuit Court, and some other deeds were found regarding various sales of pieces of his property by his heirs.3,1
(Child) Land RecordsSeptember 1850The Circuit Court of Barren County, Kentucky, during the court's term in September 1850, in the case of James W. Gorin, Guardian for Elizabeth Carver, Martha Ann Carver, James L. Carver and Mary T. Carver, the minor children of Elisha Carver, deceased, against Louisa Carver, Elisha's widow, and John T. Rogers, defendants, found for the defendants. Gorin was directed by the Court to convey, on behalf of the children, their interest, exclusive of the widow's Dower, in the land in the Bill to John T. Rogers, purchaser under the decree. Our transcription of the directive's resulting conveyance of property follows:

This indenture witnesseth that, whereas the Barren Circuit Court at the September Term 1850 in the case of J. W. Gorin, Guardian for Elizabeth, Martha Ann, James L. and Mary T. Carver, against Louisa Carver and John T. Rogers, made an order directing James W. Gorin to convey the interest of said Elizabeth, Martha Ann, James L. and Mary T. Carver (exclusive of the widow’s Dower) in and to the land in the Bill and decree to John T. Rogers, purchaser under the decree aforesaid, for and on the part of the infant Wards aforesaid. Said land is described in a survey, that was filed in the case, that was made by James Scrivner on the 25th and 26th February 1848 as surveyed when the Dower of said Louisa Carver was assigned to her.

Beginning at two poplars on the south bank of Peters Creek and Corner to Samuel Whitney’s, thence with Whitney’s line S 47 W, S 50 W 40 poles to a sugar tree and beech, thence S 12½ W (south) 27 poles to a beech on a branch, thence S 20½ W (S 18 W) to a large poplar, thence S 6 E 54 poles to two beeches and a poplar on a branch, thence up the branch S 55 W 54 poles to a poplar and beech, thence S 6 E 61 poles to a hickory and two beeches near a road, thence S 58½ E 50 poles to a hickory and two beech stumps in a clearing, thence N 81 E 176 poles to a small white oak, beech and dogwood on Graham’s line, thence N 23½ W 39 poles to a beech and sugar tree, N 53 E 27 poles to two beeches, N 20 E 26 poles to a black gum, N 77 W 48 poles to a small beech, N 31 W 78 poles to a stake above the head of a spring, N 37 W 42 poles to a sugar tree, corner to Obadiah Britt Jr. on the bank of the Creek, thence down the Creek with its meanderings to the beginning, containing 248 acres nearly.

The Dower is bounded as follows: Beginning at two poplars, corner of Samuel Whitney, on the bank of Peters Creek, thence S 57 W, 50 W 40 poles to a sugar tree and beech, S 12½ W (south) 27 poles to a beech on a branch, Whitney’s corner, thence S 48 ½ E 134 poles to a poplar, beech and ash on the hill side, S 60 E 84 poles to two beeches on a ridge and corner to the whole tract, N 20 E 56 poles to a black gum, N 77 W 44 poles to a small beech, N 31 W 78 poles to a beech (down) at the head of a spring, N 32 W 42 poles to a sugar tree, Britt’s corner, on the Creek, thence with the Creek to the beginning, containing 76 acres.

Now, in consideration of the premises, I James W. Gorin, Commissioner, do hereby on the part of said infants, convey their interests in the above-described land (exclusive of the widow’s Dower) to John T. Rogers and agree, on the part of said infants, forever to warrant and defend the title in the interest aforesaid to said bounds to said John T. Rogers his heirs and assigns forever against the claim or claims of all persons claiming under them, but this warrant is only to extend to the assets descended to said infants from their father.

The order was given under the hand and seal of James W. Gorin as Commissioner on the 9th day of October 1851, and was recorded in Barren County, Kentucky on 24 March 1852.4

Citations

  1. [S2249] Kentucky. Circuit Court (Barren County), Equity judgments with general index ca. 1813-1931. Microfilm of originals in Glasgow, Kentucky; includes general index. FHL catalog warns that years are mixed and instructs to look up name in index, find bundle number, and look through bundle number until name is found: Film# 218713, Digital# 8685854, Case# 1472 filed 10 February 1846, Martin and Emily J. Wood vs. other heirs of Elisha Carver (1801-1842), image# 172-208 of 765; on 144 microfilm reels, viewed online at www.familysearch.org, www.familysearch.org, Salt Lake City, Utah. Hereinafter cited as Equity judgments with general index ca. 1813-1931 (Barren County, Kentucky Circuit Court).
  2. [S2247] Clerk of the County Court, Barren County (Kentucky). Deeds, 1798-1902, 1961; indexes, 1798-1935. Microfilm of original and typescript at the Barren County courthouse in Glasgow, Kentucky; includes general index: Film# 209730, Digital# 8568123, Volume V, pages 409-410, image# 209-210 of 336, William Garnett, a Commissioner appointed by the Barren Circuit Court, regarding Isaac D. Powell and Thomas G. Powell, Complainants, against Louisa Carver and the children of Elisha Carver, deceased; on 35 microfilm rolls, viewed online at www.familysearch.org, www.familysearch.org, Salt Lake City, Utah. Hereinafter cited as Deeds, 1798-1902, 1961; indexes, 1798-1935 (Barren County, Kentucky).
  3. [S2237] Britt Family Documents and Transcriptions, online at www.ancestry.com. Grouped within this source title are a variety of documents, transcriptions of documents, information from Bible records, written reports by past genealogists and researchers, and other miscellaneous information we have found attached to a variety of Ancestry public trees and used to increase our understanding of the extensive Britt family of Virginia, Tennessee and Kentucky. We thank all of the individuals who have made this information available; Martin and Emily Jane (Carver) Wood vs. the Heirs of Elisha Carver, deceased, Equity Case# 1472, filed 10 February 1846, abstracted, five pages copied by Gladys B. Wilson in 1975 at the Barren County Court House, Glasgow, Kentucky; originally shared by cczink on 11 August 2009, viewed on 29 August 2021, online beginning at https://www.ancestry.com/mediaui-viewer/tree/18383251/…. Hereinafter cited as Britt Family Documents and Transcriptions.
  4. [S2247] Clerk of the County Court, Barren County (Kentucky). Deeds, 1798-1902, 1961; indexes, 1798-1935 (Barren County, Kentucky): Film# 209729, Digital# 8402413, Volume U, pages 82-83, image# 340 of 579, result of resolution in Barren Circuit Court in September 1850 of the case of James W. Gorin, Guardian for minor Carver children, against Louisa Carver and John T. Rogers; on 35 microfilm rolls.

Elizabeth Carver1

b. 1859
Father*James Carver1 b. 1822
Mother*Lucy Carver1 b. 1826
Birth*1859Elizabeth Carver was born about 1859 in Kentucky.1

Citations

  1. [S18] 1860 United States Federal Census, online at www.ancestry.com, household of Lucy Carver, Year: 1860; Census Place: District 2, Barren, Kentucky; Page: 971. Hereinafter cited as 1860 United States Federal Census.

Elizabeth Carver1

b. 1833
Father*John Carver1 b. 1789, d. b 1840
Mother*Susannah Elmore1 b. 1 Apr 1788, d. 1850
Birth*1833Elizabeth Carver was born about 1833 in Kentucky.1
(Daughter) Census US 185019 September 1850Elizabeth was enumerated on the 1850 census taken on 19 September 1850 in the household of her widowed mother in Division 1, Barren County, Kentucky. She was 17 years old.1

Citations

  1. [S17] 1850 United States Federal Census, online at www.ancestry.com, household of Susannah Carver, Year: 1850; Census Place: Division 1, Barren, Kentucky; Roll: 191; Page: 377a. Hereinafter cited as 1850 United States Federal Census.

Ellender J. Carver1

b. 1833
Father*John M. Carver1 b. 1812, d. 1836
Mother*Margaret Woodcock1 b. 1808, d. 1892
Birth*1833Ellender J. Carver was born about 1833 in Kentucky.1

Citations

  1. [S17] 1850 United States Federal Census, online at www.ancestry.com, household of Margaret Carver, Year: 1850; Census Place: Division 1, Barren, Kentucky; Roll: 191; Page: 353b. Hereinafter cited as 1850 United States Federal Census.

Emily Jane Carver1

b. 1824
Father*Elisha Carver1 b. 1801, d. 5 Sep 1842
Mother*Tempy Bullington1 d. b 3 Jan 1840
Birth*1824Emily Jane Carver was born about 1824 in Kentucky.2
(Child) Land Records21 June 1845An indenture was made and entered into on 21 June 1845 between William Garnett, a Commissioner who had been appointed by the Barren Circuit Court of Barren County, Kentucky, of the one part, and Isaac D. Powell and Thomas G. Powell of the second part, regarding a suit that had been brought by the Powells against Louisa Carver and the infant children of Elisha Carver, deceased. We note that only six of the children, Emily Carver, Lucy Carver, Elizabeth Carver, Martha Carver, John Carver and Mary T. Carver, were named, and that James L. Carver and Sarah F. Carver, also infant children of Elisha Carver, were not. Our transcription of the deed follows:

This indenture made and entered into the 21st day of June 1845 between William Garnett, a Commissioner appointed by the Barren Circuit Court, on the one part, and Isaac D. Powell and Thomas G. Powell of the second part, Witnesseth that whereas by a decree of the Barren Circuit Court, ordered at the June Term 1845 in a suit between the said Powells, Complainants, and Louisa Carver and others, Defendants, William Garnett was appointed a Commissioner and directed to convey to the Complainants by deed with general warranties all the right, title and interest which said infant defendants, to wit: Emily Carver, Lucy Carver, Martha Carver, Elizabeth Carver, John Carver and Mary T. Carver have in and to the tract of land in the suit and exhibit mentioned. Said land is described in the exhibit filed in said cause to be bounded as follows, to wit: Beginning at a sycamore and beech on Peters and Snells Creek, thence S 31 W 110 poles to a white oak and hickory, thence S 60 W 32 poles to a white oak and hickory on Graham’s Original line, thence with the same N 23 W 66 poles to a sugar tree and beech, thence N 60 E 27 poles to two beeches on the ridge, thence N 20 E 57 poles to a gum on Clark’s line, thence with the same S 82 E 76 poles to the beginning, containing 43 acres more or less.

Now, in consideration of the premises, and for the further consideration of $86 acknowledged in said exhibit, to have been paid to the ancestor of said infant defendants, I William Garnett as Commissioner on the part of said infant defendants, do hereby convey to the Complainants, all the right, title and interest which said infant defendants, Emily Carver, etc., have in and to the above-described land, to the Powells, their heirs and assigns forever. To have and to hold the same free from the claim or claims of the said infant Carvers and all other persons. In witness whereof, I as Commissioner, do hereunto set my hand and seal the day and year aforesaid.

The signature of William Garnett, Commissioner, was sealed, and the deed was recorded in Barren County, Kentucky in July 1845.3
Marriage Bond3 September 1845A marriage bond was issued to Martin Wood and Elisha Carver in Barren County, Kentucky, on 3 September 1845 obligating them for the marriage between Martin Wood and Emily Jane Carver, which was intended to be solemnized shortly. Elisha Carver was a 1st cousin of Emily Jane.4
Marriage*13 November 1845She married Martin Wood on 13 November 1845 in Barren County, Kentucky.1,4
Court Action*10 February 1846Case# 1472 was filed on 10 February 1846 in the Circuit Court at Glasgow, Barren County, Kentucky, whereby Martin Wood and Emily Jane his wife, who had been married on 13 September 1845 by Henry Lee in Barren County, stated that Emily Jane was the daughter and one of the heirs of Elisha Carver, deceased, and that said Carver was possessed of a tract of land lying in Barren County on the waters of Peters Creek containing 280 acres, and that Carver at the time of his death had legal title to the land, and that he died intestate.

Elisha Carver left a widow, Louisa Carver, and the following children: Lucy Carver, since intermarried with James Carver, Elizabeth Carver, Marthy Ann Carver, James L. Carver, John Carver, Mary T. Carver, and Sarah F. Carver, who with Emily Jane (Carver) Wood, were his only children and legal representatives. The six last named, except Emily, being infants under 21 years of age.

Martin and Emily stated that the land was rapidly deteriorating in value, and would in a few years be seriously and irreparably damaged by exhausting the arable land, and cutting and destroying the timber.

They stated that the land could not be advantageously divided as the share of each of the heirs would be less than $100, and that it would be to the advantage of all to sell the land and divide the proceeds.

An amendment to the above bill stated that James Jameson, Sheriff of Barren County, was appointed by the Barron County court to administer the estate of Elisha Carver, deceased, and that H. P. Curd, Deputy Sheriff for Jameson, acted as Administrator. The Plaintiffs asked that Curd be made a Defendant to the suit, and made to state the amount of the estate that had come into his hands.

In another amendment dated 21 March 1846, the Complainants stated that they understood that Charlotte Carver or her children, Joel Y. and Catherine Carver, had some claim, or pretended claim, on the estate of Elisha Carver, deceased. For the purpose of contesting all things in this suit, they asked the court to make them and John G. Rogers, who had been appointed Guardian of Joel Y. and Catherine Carver, defendants to their suit and any other bills therein, and that they answer.

Charlotte Carver’s response was filed on 26 June 1846, stating that Elisha Carver’s estate was indebted to her children, Joel Y. and Catherine Carver, in the amount of $38 each, for a total of $76. Mr. Curd, representing Charlotte, explained the indebtedness. He stated that Charlotte was the Administratrix of her deceased husband, William Carver's, estate, and that Elisha Carver was her security. Elisha became uneasy, and by way of making him safe, she sold to him her dower interest in the tract of land on which her husband lived and died, for and in consideration of his assuming to pay to Susan (Carver) Woodcock, Joel Y. and Catherine Carver the sum of $38 each being the amount of their respective interests in the estate of William Carver, their father. Elisha Carver thereafter paid Susan Woodcock her $38, but never paid Joel Y. or Catherine their parts. Curd stated that Charlotte claimed nothing for herself out of the estate of Elisha Carver, just what he owed her children.

H. P. Curd's testimony was filed on 21 March 1845, in which he admitted that Elisha Carver departed his life intestate and that by an order of the court he, Curd, as deputy for James Jameson, Sheriff, was qualified to administer the estate, which he did. He sold the personal property, settled the debts, and had in his possession $59.55 belonging to the estate. He testified that Charlotte Carver or her children, Joel Y. and Catherine, were claiming a debt of said estate amounting to $76., which she was alleging was the amount of the balance of the price agreed to be paid by Elisha for the tract of land. Curd claimed to know nothing of his own knowledge of the justness of the claim, and stated that if the claim was justly due and owing that so much of said tract of land be ordered and decreed sold as would pay the balance of $76, first deducting the amount he had in his possession, and allowing him his reasonable costs in defending the suit, including an attorney’s fee.

Testimony by attorney John G. Rogers, representing James Carver and Lucy Carver his wife, was filed on 15 June 1846. They admitted that Emily Wood was a daughter of Elisha Carver, deceased, and that he died intestate, that the heirs and legal representatives listed in the suit were correct, and that Lucy was one of the heirs and a child of Elisha Carver, deceased.

They denied that it would be to their interest to have the said land sold and the proceeds divided. They thought it would be better, and desired, that the land should be divided between the heirs, and that their portions be allotted to them even if the rest were to be sold.

The testimony of John G. Rogers, then testifying on his own behalf, was filed on 24 June 1846. He stated he was the Guardian of Joel Y. and Catherine Carver, the children of Charlotte Carver, and essentially made the same statements to the court that Charlotte had made. That Charlotte Carver was the wife of William Carver, and that her children were Susan Woodcock, Joel Y., and Catherine Carver. In addition, he told of the arrangement between Charlotte and Elisha Carver regarding her selling Elisha her dower interest in the land, that Elisha had paid Susan, and doubtless would have paid Joel Y. and Catherine if he had lived. He said Elisha died a short time thereafter.

Four deeds were submitted to the court as evidence in the court case:

John and Elizabeth Carver his wife, deed dated August 1828, sold to Elisha Carver for $118, one tract of land containing 75 acres on Peters Creek, Barren County, Kentucky, it being part of the tract conveyed by Benjamin W. Clark and his wife unto John and William Carver.

Jesse Bewley and Mary his wife, deed dated 2 August 1831, sold to Elisha Carver for $100, one tract of land on Peters Creek in Barren County, Kentucky, being the tract of land whereon Carver then lived, and the appurtenances thereon.

Ann D. Shirley of the Borough of Norfolk, State of Virginia, by George M. Pryer, her attorney-in-fact, deed dated 17 August 1833, sold to Elisha Carver for $100, 200 acres of land situated on Peters Creek, Barren County, Kentucky, it being part of a 1,333 1/3-acre survey patented to the heirs of Robert Tompkins, deceased, by patent dated 1 March 1800.


Charlotte Carver, deed dated 20 November 1841, sold to Elisha Carver for $150, and relinquished all her right of dower, her interest in a certain tract of land on Peters Creek owned by her husband William Carver, to have and to hold during her life.

Alexander L. Devasher was deposed on 17 September 1846 and asked about the current condition of Elisha Carver’s land which was believed to be occupied at the time by James Carver, one of the defendants in the case. In response to questions, Devasher stated he lived about two miles from James Carver, who he thought lived on the land upon which Elisha Carver lived and died. He said there were two or three different surveys, but it was all the same tract, and he thought James Carver had lived on the land for about three years.

Devasher was asked if he knew of James Carver, the defendant, having cut a great deal of salable timber off the land and sold it, and if Devasher had or had not bought timber from James Carver which came off the land. His response was that Carver had cut a right smart amount, such as board timber, rail timber, etc., but didn’t know much about the property lines and didn’t know whether they came off Elisha Carver’s land or not. He didn’t know of any that had been sold, except what he had heard. He said he had bought some rails from him, but didn’t know whether they came off that land or not.

Asked whether James Carver owned any other land in that neighborhood off of which he could have gotten the board and rail timber etc. he had mentioned, Devasher said James Carver didn’t own any other land except his interest in Elisha Carver’s tract of land.

Asked whether he knew if that land had been much injured and was not worth near as much since James Carver first went upon it to live, Devasher responded that he knew the place had gone to rack, and was not in as good repair as when Elisha Carver died.

Asked whether he knew or did not know that the land was not so valuable now for timber as when James Carver went on it, Devasher stated that if all the timber that had been cut was on the land, it would not be so valuable, but he didn’t know if all the timber was from that land. He didn’t know where the property line was.

Asked if he knew or did not know that James Carver had taken down a house and hauled it to the woods and there permitted the logs to rot, Devasher said they hauled a house out, it was said for Tom Williams to live in, but he didn’t know who the head manager was or anything about it. The logs, he reconned, were lying there yet, and he didn’t know anything about them. He had not seen them since.

Asked if he had not recently contracted with James Carver for a parcel of rails which were either on the land or to be made from the land, Devasher said he and Carver had been talking about trading for some rails, which he reconned were on the land, but they had not traded yet.

Another neighbor, Benjamin Littrell, was also deposed on 17 September 1846. He was asked if he knew or did not know of James Carver, one of the defendants in the case, having cut a great deal of valuable timber off of the land on which he was then living and upon which Elisha Carver died. He responded that there had been a right smart cut there, but he didn’t know that he cut it all. He had heard it said that he cut it, but he never saw him at it. He didn’t know that there was a great deal of valuable timber. There was some board timber, and some for plank, and some for hogsheads, cut off.

Asked if he knew or did not know that the place was much less valuable now than when James Carver went upon it, Littrell responded that he would not give as much for it as it was right smartly out of repair.

Asked how much he would say, or if he knew, to what extent the place had been injured, he said he hardly knew but at a rough guess would suppose, taking everything into consideration, that it had been injured something like $100.

Asked if he would please state, if he knew, in what way James Carver had been living on the land. Had he paid rent for it or not? Littrell responded that he couldn’t tell. He understood that Carver was to pay rent the first year, but how they had managed since he didn’t know.

Asked if he had bought timber from James Carver, the defendant, which grew upon the land, or knew of him selling to any other person, Littrell said he had never bought any from him himself, but understood that he had sold some plank and hogshead timber, which was said to have come off the land.

Asked if he knew if Carver, the defendant, had ever paid any rent for the said land, he said no. I don’t know that he ever has.

Note: No legal resolution, judgment or disposition of the suit was found in the court's case documents, although several deeds have been found in the records of Barren County, Kentucky that indicate that some actions to benefit Elisha's minor children were ordered by the Circuit Court, and some other deeds were found regarding various sales of pieces of his property by his heirs.5,1
Land Records*2 January 1847 On 2 January 1847, for $50, Martin and Emily Jane Wood sold to their brother-in-law, James Carver, their interest in the tract or tracts of land on the waters of Peters Creek, Barren County, Kentucky, that had been owned by Emily Jane's father, Elisha Carver, at his death. Our transcription of the deed follows:

This indenture made and entered into this 2nd day of January 1847 between Martin Wood and Emily Jane Wood his wife of the County of Barren and State of Kentucky of the first part and James Carver of the County and State aforesaid of the other part. Witnesseth that the said Martin Wood and Emily Jane his wife for and in consideration of the sum of $50 to them in hand paid by the said James Carver the receipt whereof they do herby acknowledge have bargained, sold and conveyed and by these presents do bargain, sell and convey unto the said James Carver all their right, title and interest in and to the tract or tracts of land owned by Elisha Carver at his death being on the waters of Peters Creek in Barren County. To have and to hold to the said James Carver the said interest in said tract or tracts of land together with all and singular its appurtenances thereunto belonging and the said Martin Wood and Emily Jane his wife do covenant and agree that they will for themselves and their heirs forever warrant and defend the said interest in the tract or tracts of land in fee simple unto the said James Carver his heirs and assigns. In testimony whereof they have hereunto set their hands and seals the day and date above written.

The signatures of both Martin Wood and Emily J. Wood were sealed with their marks, and the deed was recorded in Barren County, Kentucky on 2 January 1847.6
(Sister-in-Law) Land Records11 December 1847 On 11 December 1847, James and Lucy Carver sold land on Barren County, Kentucky, to John T. Rogers for $200. The land was identified as having been in the possession of Lucy's father, Elisha Carver, at the time of his death, and the deed specified that the interest in the land intended to be sold was both the interest that had descended to Lucy from her father, as well as the interest sold to James by his brother-in-law, Martin Wood, and his wife, Emily Jane, who was Lucy's sister. The sale also included all of the interest James and Lucy might be entitled to in the Dower land of Louisa Carver, widow of Ellisha Carver and the sister's stepmother, after Louisa's death. Our transcription of the deed follows:

This indenture dated the 11th day of December 1847 is made and entered into between James Carver and Lucy Carver his wife of Barren County, Kentucky, of the first part and John T. Rogers of said county of the second part. Witnesseth that for and in consideration of $200 in hand paid, the receipt whereof is hereby acknowledged, the parties of the first part have bargained and sold and do by these presents bargain, sell, align and convey unto the said John T. Rogers and his heirs forever, all the right, title and interest that they have in a tract of land composed of three surveys which belonged to and was in the possession of Elisha Carver at the time of his death, and which lies adjoining the lands of John Lewis, Obadiah Britt and Samuel Whitney on Peters Creek in Barren County, Kentucky, together with all its appurtenances, to have and to hold unto the said Rogers and his heirs forever. The interest in said land hereby intended to be conveyed is the interest that descended to the said Lucy from her deceased father Elisha Carver and the interest in said land sold by Martin Wood and his wife Emily Jane, late Emily Jane Carver, to said James Carver and described in the deed from said Wood and wife to said James Carver. Also all the interest that the parties of the first part are or may be entitled in and to the Dower land of Louisa Carver, widow of said Elisha Carver, after the death of said Widow. To have and to hold said interests unto the said Rogers and his heirs forever from all claims whatever and the parties of the first part covenant to forever warrant a good and valid title to the same unto the said Rogers and his heirs forever, free from all claims whatever. In testimony where of the parties of the first part have hereunto set their hands and seals this the day and year above written.

The signatures of both James Carver and Lucy Carver were sealed with their marks, and the deed was recorded in Barren County, Kentucky on 11 December 1847.7
Land Records29 January 1849 On 29 January 1849, Martin and Emily Jane (Carver) Wood of Barren County, Kentucky, acting on behalf of Emily's deceased siblings, John Carver and Sarah Frances Carver, sold to John T. Rogers, for $14, the interest they had in land that had been owned by their father, Elisha Carver, at the time of his death and on which Martin and Emily Jane were then living. We note that the Wood surname was written as “Woods” throughout the document. Our transcription of the deed follows:

This indenture made and entered into this 29th day of January 1849 made and entered into by and between Martin Woods and his wife Emily J. Woods, late Emily J. Carver, of the one part, and John T. Rogers of the other part, all of Barren County and state of Kentucky. Witnesseth that for and in consideration of $14 to them in hand paid, the receipt whereof is hereby acknowledged, have this day bargained and sold and by these presents doth bargain, sell and convey to the said Rogers all the rights, title and interest that the said Woods and his wife have in and to a certain tract or tracts of land of which Elisha Carver died seized and on which the said Wood and wife now live, acquired or descended to the said Wood’s wife Emily J. by the death of Sarah Frances Carver and John Carver, children and heirs of E. Carver, deceased, and who have died since the death of said Carver, to have and to hold to the said Rogers and his heirs in fee simple forever. In testimony whereof we have hereunto set our hands and seals the day and year above written.

The signatures of both Martin Woods and Emily J. Woods were sealed with their marks, and the deed was recorded in Barren County, Kentucky on 13 December 1849.8

Family

Martin Wood b. 1823

Citations

  1. [S2249] Kentucky. Circuit Court (Barren County), Equity judgments with general index ca. 1813-1931. Microfilm of originals in Glasgow, Kentucky; includes general index. FHL catalog warns that years are mixed and instructs to look up name in index, find bundle number, and look through bundle number until name is found: Film# 218713, Digital# 8685854, Case# 1472 filed 10 February 1846, Martin and Emily J. Wood vs. other heirs of Elisha Carver (1801-1842), image# 172-208 of 765; on 144 microfilm reels, viewed online at www.familysearch.org, www.familysearch.org, Salt Lake City, Utah. Hereinafter cited as Equity judgments with general index ca. 1813-1931 (Barren County, Kentucky Circuit Court).
  2. [S18] 1860 United States Federal Census, online at www.ancestry.com, household of Martin and E. J. Wood, Year: 1860; Census Place: District 2, Barren, Kentucky; Page: 972. Hereinafter cited as 1860 United States Federal Census.
  3. [S2247] Clerk of the County Court, Barren County (Kentucky). Deeds, 1798-1902, 1961; indexes, 1798-1935. Microfilm of original and typescript at the Barren County courthouse in Glasgow, Kentucky; includes general index: Film# 209730, Digital# 8568123, Volume V, pages 409-410, image# 209-210 of 336, William Garnett, a Commissioner appointed by the Barren Circuit Court, regarding Isaac D. Powell and Thomas G. Powell, Complainants, against Louisa Carver and the children of Elisha Carver, deceased; on 35 microfilm rolls, viewed online at www.familysearch.org, www.familysearch.org, Salt Lake City, Utah. Hereinafter cited as Deeds, 1798-1902, 1961; indexes, 1798-1935 (Barren County, Kentucky).
  4. [S2231] Kentucky, County Marriages, 1797-1954, online from the Family History Library, www.familysearch.org, marriage of Emily Carver and Martin Wood on 13 November 1845 in Barren County, Kentucky; preceded by a marriage bond dated 3 September 1845 issued to Martin Wood and Elisha Carver obligating them to the marriage of Martin Wood and Emily Carver which was intended to be solemnized shortly, citing digital# 5552452, image# 738 of 914. Hereinafter cited as Kentucky, County Marriages, 1797-1954.
  5. [S2237] Britt Family Documents and Transcriptions, online at www.ancestry.com. Grouped within this source title are a variety of documents, transcriptions of documents, information from Bible records, written reports by past genealogists and researchers, and other miscellaneous information we have found attached to a variety of Ancestry public trees and used to increase our understanding of the extensive Britt family of Virginia, Tennessee and Kentucky. We thank all of the individuals who have made this information available; Martin and Emily Jane (Carver) Wood vs. the Heirs of Elisha Carver, deceased, Equity Case# 1472, filed 10 February 1846, abstracted, five pages copied by Gladys B. Wilson in 1975 at the Barren County Court House, Glasgow, Kentucky; originally shared by cczink on 11 August 2009, viewed on 29 August 2021, online beginning at https://www.ancestry.com/mediaui-viewer/tree/18383251/…. Hereinafter cited as Britt Family Documents and Transcriptions.
  6. [S2247] Clerk of the County Court, Barren County (Kentucky). Deeds, 1798-1902, 1961; indexes, 1798-1935 (Barren County, Kentucky): Film# 209728, Digital# 8192154, Volume S, page 33, image# 341 of 601, Martin and Emily Jane (Carver) Wood to James Carver; on 35 microfilm rolls.
  7. [S2247] Clerk of the County Court, Barren County (Kentucky). Deeds, 1798-1902, 1961; indexes, 1798-1935 (Barren County, Kentucky): Film# 209728, Digital# 8192154, Volume S, page 208, image# 430 of 601, James and Lucy Carver to John T. Rogers; on 35 microfilm rolls.
  8. [S2247] Clerk of the County Court, Barren County (Kentucky). Deeds, 1798-1902, 1961; indexes, 1798-1935 (Barren County, Kentucky): Film# 209729, Digital# 8402413, Volume T, pages 466-467, image# 249-250 of 579, Martin and Emily Jane (Carver) Wood (for Sarah Frances Carver, deceased, and John Carver, deceased) to John T. Rogers; on 35 microfilm rolls.

Experience Carver1

b. 2 May 1739, d. 21 February 1816
Father*Joseph Carver1 b. c 1700, d. 24 Sep 1778
Mother*Elizabeth Snow1 b. 5 May 1705, d. 6 Jul 1755
Birth*2 May 1739Experience Carver was born on 2 May 1739 in Bridgewater, Plymouth County, Massachusetts Bay Province (New England).1
Marriage*circa 1763She married Luke Loomis circa 1763.1
Death*21 February 1816She died on 21 February 1816 in East Windsor, Hartford County, Connecticut, at age 76.1

Family

Luke Loomis b. 15 Oct 1736, d. 8 Mar 1811

Citations

  1. [S416] The Alden Kindred Database, online at www.alden.org. The Alden Organization states that "the Alden Kindred Database is incomplete. It is not yet a complete listing of all Alden descendants; nor of all members of the Kindred. It contains information taken from various sources including Alden Kindred lineage papers, Mayflower Five Generations Project research, published genealogies, and other databases, not all of which has been fully documented." Nevertheless, some information obtained from the Alden Kindred Database has been included in this collection with the knowledge that, even if not accurate, may provide valuable clues. Information provided, unless additional proof has been offered, has not yet been verified and cannot be guaranteed. Hereinafter cited as Alden Kindred Database.

Experience Carver1

Father*Eleazer Carver2
Mother*Experience __?__2
Marriage*10 December 1719She married, as his second wife, Jonathan Cary, son of Jonathan Cary and Sarah Allen, on 10 December 1719 in Bridgewater, Plymouth County, Massachusetts Bay Province (New England).1,3,4

Family

Jonathan Cary
Children1.Susanna Cary+5,6 b. 5 Sep 1725, d. 6 Sep 1795
2.Jonathan Cary+1 b. 21 Apr 1730, d. 3 Sep 1766

Citations

  1. [S610] Charles Henry Pope and Thomas Hooper, compilers, downloaded from Google Books, Hooper Genealogy (Boston, Massachusetts: Charles H. Pope, 1908), Part I, The Reading Family, compiled by Thomas Hooper of Boston, Third Generation, pages 10-19. Hereinafter cited as Hooper Genealogy.
  2. [S474] Nahum Mitchell, History of the Early Settlement of Bridgewater in Plymouth County, Massachusetts, including an extensive Family Register. Note: page numbers differ slightly between publications used in our research, including FHL copy, Google Books, Boston Public Library eBooks online and our personal library reprint published by Heritage Books. (Baltimore, Maryland: Gateway Press, Inc., original publication date was 1840; reprinted for the third and fourth times in 1970 and 1975; first reprinted in 1897 by Henry T. Pratt, Bridgewater, Massachusetts; originally printed in 1840 by Kidder and Wright, Boston, Massachusetts), Carver, pages 129-130. Hereinafter cited as History of the Early Settlement of Bridgewater.
  3. [S836] New England Historic Genealogical Society, compiler, downloaded from Google Books, Vital Records of Bridgewater, Massachusetts to the Year 1850. In two Volumes: Volume I. Births and Volume II. Marriages and Deaths. (Boston, Massachusetts: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 1916), Volume II, Marriages, page 75. Hereinafter cited as Vital Records of Bridgewater, Massachusetts to 1850.
  4. [S474] Nahum Mitchell, History of the Early Settlement of Bridgewater, Cary, pages 130-134.
  5. [S610] Charles Henry Pope and Thomas Hooper, Hooper Genealogy, Part I, The Reading Family, compiled by Thomas Hooper of Boston, Fourth Generation, pages 19-32.
  6. [S836] New England Historic Genealogical Society, Vital Records of Bridgewater, Massachusetts to 1850, Births, Volume I, page 70.

Henry W. Carver1

b. 1856
Father*James Carver1 b. 1822
Mother*Lucy Carver1 b. 1826
Birth*1856Henry W. Carver was born about 1856 in Kentucky.1

Citations

  1. [S18] 1860 United States Federal Census, online at www.ancestry.com, household of Lucy Carver, Year: 1860; Census Place: District 2, Barren, Kentucky; Page: 971. Hereinafter cited as 1860 United States Federal Census.

Isaac Carver1

b. 22 January 1782
Father*Robert Carver1 b. 2 Jun 1742
Mother*Lydia Grafton1 b. c 1757
Birth*22 January 1782Isaac Carver was born on 22 January 1782 in Providence, Providence County, Rhode Island.1

Citations

  1. [S416] The Alden Kindred Database, online at www.alden.org. The Alden Organization states that "the Alden Kindred Database is incomplete. It is not yet a complete listing of all Alden descendants; nor of all members of the Kindred. It contains information taken from various sources including Alden Kindred lineage papers, Mayflower Five Generations Project research, published genealogies, and other databases, not all of which has been fully documented." Nevertheless, some information obtained from the Alden Kindred Database has been included in this collection with the knowledge that, even if not accurate, may provide valuable clues. Information provided, unless additional proof has been offered, has not yet been verified and cannot be guaranteed. Hereinafter cited as Alden Kindred Database.

James Carver1

b. 1794
Father*Cornilius Carver1 b. b 1765
Mother*Sally Goodman1
Birth*1794James Carver was possibly born about 1794.1

Citations

  1. [S2237] Britt Family Documents and Transcriptions, online at www.ancestry.com. Grouped within this source title are a variety of documents, transcriptions of documents, information from Bible records, written reports by past genealogists and researchers, and other miscellaneous information we have found attached to a variety of Ancestry public trees and used to increase our understanding of the extensive Britt family of Virginia, Tennessee and Kentucky. We thank all of the individuals who have made this information available; “Carver Analysis”, an analysis of the family of Cornelius Carver dated 1983, Barren County, Kentucky, prepared by Lois Grider Black; originally shared by cczink on 12 August 2009, viewed on 8 September 2021, online at https://www.ancestry.com/mediaui-viewer/tree/80007743/…. Hereinafter cited as Britt Family Documents and Transcriptions.

James Carver1

b. 1818
Father*Jonathan Carver1 b. 1789, d. Jan 1858
Mother*Betsey Rainey1 b. 1789
Birth*1818James Carver was born about 1818 in Kentucky.1
Marriage Bond13 March 1837A marriage bond in the sum of £50 was issued to James Carver and his father, Jonathan Carver, in Barren County, Kentucky, on 13 March 1837, obligating them to the marriage intended between James Carver and Malinda Bridges, for which a license had been issued.2
Marriage*16 March 1837He married Malinda Bridges, daughter of Thomas Bridges, on 16 March 1837 in Barren County, Kentucky.1,2,3
Death*He probably died in his early 40s before the 1860 census was taken. We've not yet found all of his children on the 1860 census and, those we have found, were enumerated in different households of various friends and relatives. Delia, age 20, was enumerated as "Delila" in the household of Franklin and Harriett Berry; Mary and Tilda, ages 19 and 6 years, respectively, were in the household of their aunt and uncle, James and Malinda Carver; and Elisha W., age 10, we believe was enumerated as E. W. Carver in the household of A. C. and C. A. Dickerson, and had attended school within the census year.4,5,6

Family

Malinda Bridges b. 1822, d. 1855
Children1.William Carver1 b. 1839
2.Delia J. Carver1 b. 1840
3.Mary E. Carver1 b. 1842
4.John T. Carver1 b. 1843
5.James M. Carver1 b. 1845
6.Joseph Ann Carver1 b. 20 Feb 1845
7.Nancy C. Carver1 b. 1848
8.Elisha W. Carver1 b. 1849
9.Matilda A. Carver5 b. 1854

Citations

  1. [S17] 1850 United States Federal Census, online at www.ancestry.com, household of James and Malinda Carver, Year: 1850; Census Place: Division 1, Barren, Kentucky; Roll: 191; Page: 388a. Hereinafter cited as 1850 United States Federal Census.
  2. [S2237] Britt Family Documents and Transcriptions, online at www.ancestry.com. Grouped within this source title are a variety of documents, transcriptions of documents, information from Bible records, written reports by past genealogists and researchers, and other miscellaneous information we have found attached to a variety of Ancestry public trees and used to increase our understanding of the extensive Britt family of Virginia, Tennessee and Kentucky. We thank all of the individuals who have made this information available; marriage bond dated 13 March 1837 in Barren County, Kentucky, for the intended marriage between James Carver and Malinda Bridges; originally shared by MargitAtkinson64 on 29 October 2012, viewed on 11 September 2021, online at https://www.ancestry.com/mediaui-viewer/tree/82757848/…. Hereinafter cited as Britt Family Documents and Transcriptions.
  3. [S2250] Martha Powell Reneau, Marriage records of Barren County, Kentucky, 1799-1849 : "the first fifty years" (Glasgow, Kentucky: M. P. Reneau, 1984), page 39. Hereinafter cited as Marriage records of Barren County, Kentucky, 1799-1849.
  4. [S18] 1860 United States Federal Census, online at www.ancestry.com, household of Franklin and Harriett Berry, Year: 1860; Census Place: District 2, Barren, Kentucky; Page: 950. Hereinafter cited as 1860 United States Federal Census.
  5. [S18] 1860 United States Federal Census, online at www.ancestry.com, household of John S. and Tarlice Elmore, Year: 1860; Census Place: District 2, Barren, Kentucky; Page: 949.
  6. [S18] 1860 United States Federal Census, online at www.ancestry.com, household of A. C. and C. A. Dickerson, Year: 1860; Census Place: District 2, Barren, Kentucky; Page: 904.

James Carver1,2

b. 1822
Father*William Carver3 b. 1790, d. b Aug 1828
Mother*Charlotte Lee3 b. 1787
Birth*1822James Carver was born about 1822 in Kentucky.4
Name VariationOn the 1850 census, James was recorded as James D. Carver.2,4
Marriage*He married Lucy Carver, daughter of Elisha Carver and Tempy Bullington. They were 1st cousins.2,4
(Brother) Land Records30 December 1843 On 30 December 1843, James's sister and brother-in-law, Susan and Robert Woodcock, sold a tract of land on Peters Creek, Barren County, Kentucky, upon which Susan's brother, James D. Carver, then lived and that had been owned by their father, William Carver, in his life time, to John H. Page. Our transcription of the deed follows:

This indenture made and entered into this 30th day of December 1843 between Robert Woodcock and Susan Woodcock, his wife, of the County of Barren and State of Kentucky of the one part and John H. Page of the County of Allen and State aforesaid of the other part, Witnesseth that in and for the consideration of money heretofore received and $1.00 in hand paid, the receipt whereof is hereby acknowledged, we have bargained and sold and by these presents do bargain, sell and convey to the said John H. Page, all of our right, title and interest whatsoever to a certain tract of land on Peters Creek whereon James D. Carver now lives, it being the survey that William Carver owned in his life time, and bounded by the lands of John Lewis, Benjamin Littrell, Alexander L. Devasher and George W. Page, and the Creek. To have and to hold to the said Page and his heirs forever, and we bind ourselves, our heirs and executors to warrant and defend the title to the said land against the claim of all and every person or persons whatever. In testimony whereof we have hereunto set our hands and seals the day and date above written.

The signatures of both Robert Woodcock and Susan Woodcock were sealed with their marks, and the deed was recorded in Barren County, Kentucky on 21 March 1844.5
(2nd Son-in-Law) Court Action10 February 1846James and his wife, Lucy Carver, were named as defendants, along with her siblings and other heirs of her father, in a lawsuit filed by her sister and brother-in-law, Emily Jane and Martin Wood.

Case# 1472 was filed on 10 February 1846 in the Circuit Court at Glasgow, Barren County, Kentucky, whereby Martin Wood and Emily Jane his wife, who had been married on 13 September 1845 by Henry Lee in Barren County, stated that Emily Jane was the daughter and one of the heirs of Elisha Carver, deceased, and that said Carver was possessed of a tract of land lying in Barren County on the waters of Peters Creek containing 280 acres, and that Carver at the time of his death had legal title to the land, and that he died intestate.

Elisha Carver left a widow, Louisa Carver, and the following children: Lucy Carver, since intermarried with James Carver, Elizabeth Carver, Marthy Ann Carver, James L. Carver, John Carver, Mary T. Carver, and Sarah F. Carver, who with Emily Jane (Carver) Wood, were his only children and legal representatives. The six last named, except Emily, being infants under 21 years of age.

Martin and Emily stated that the land was rapidly deteriorating in value, and would in a few years be seriously and irreparably damaged by exhausting the arable land, and cutting and destroying the timber.

They stated that the land could not be advantageously divided as the share of each of the heirs would be less than $100, and that it would be to the advantage of all to sell the land and divide the proceeds.

An amendment to the above bill stated that James Jameson, Sheriff of Barren County, was appointed by the Barron County court to administer the estate of Elisha Carver, deceased, and that H. P. Curd, Deputy Sheriff for Jameson, acted as Administrator. The Plaintiffs asked that Curd be made a Defendant to the suit, and made to state the amount of the estate that had come into his hands.

In another amendment dated 21 March 1846, the Complainants stated that they understood that Charlotte Carver or her children, Joel Y. and Catherine Carver, had some claim, or pretended claim, on the estate of Elisha Carver, deceased. For the purpose of contesting all things in this suit, they asked the court to make them and John G. Rogers, who had been appointed Guardian of Joel Y. and Catherine Carver, defendants to their suit and any other bills therein, and that they answer.

Charlotte Carver’s response was filed on 26 June 1846, stating that Elisha Carver’s estate was indebted to her children, Joel Y. and Catherine Carver, in the amount of $38 each, for a total of $76. Mr. Curd, representing Charlotte, explained the indebtedness. He stated that Charlotte was the Administratrix of her deceased husband, William Carver's, estate, and that Elisha Carver was her security. Elisha became uneasy, and by way of making him safe, she sold to him her dower interest in the tract of land on which her husband lived and died, for and in consideration of his assuming to pay to Susan (Carver) Woodcock, Joel Y. and Catherine Carver the sum of $38 each being the amount of their respective interests in the estate of William Carver, their father. Elisha Carver thereafter paid Susan Woodcock her $38, but never paid Joel Y. or Catherine their parts. Curd stated that Charlotte claimed nothing for herself out of the estate of Elisha Carver, just what he owed her children.

H. P. Curd's testimony was filed on 21 March 1845, in which he admitted that Elisha Carver departed his life intestate and that by an order of the court he, Curd, as deputy for James Jameson, Sheriff, was qualified to administer the estate, which he did. He sold the personal property, settled the debts, and had in his possession $59.55 belonging to the estate. He testified that Charlotte Carver or her children, Joel Y. and Catherine, were claiming a debt of said estate amounting to $76., which she was alleging was the amount of the balance of the price agreed to be paid by Elisha for the tract of land. Curd claimed to know nothing of his own knowledge of the justness of the claim, and stated that if the claim was justly due and owing that so much of said tract of land be ordered and decreed sold as would pay the balance of $76, first deducting the amount he had in his possession, and allowing him his reasonable costs in defending the suit, including an attorney’s fee.

Testimony by attorney John G. Rogers, representing James Carver and Lucy Carver his wife, was filed on 15 June 1846. They admitted that Emily Wood was a daughter of Elisha Carver, deceased, and that he died intestate, that the heirs and legal representatives listed in the suit were correct, and that Lucy was one of the heirs and a child of Elisha Carver, deceased.

They denied that it would be to their interest to have the said land sold and the proceeds divided. They thought it would be better, and desired, that the land should be divided between the heirs, and that their portions be allotted to them even if the rest were to be sold.

The testimony of John G. Rogers, then testifying on his own behalf, was filed on 24 June 1846. He stated he was the Guardian of Joel Y. and Catherine Carver, the children of Charlotte Carver, and essentially made the same statements to the court that Charlotte had made. That Charlotte Carver was the wife of William Carver, and that her children were Susan Woodcock, Joel Y., and Catherine Carver. In addition, he told of the arrangement between Charlotte and Elisha Carver regarding her selling Elisha her dower interest in the land, that Elisha had paid Susan, and doubtless would have paid Joel Y. and Catherine if he had lived. He said Elisha died a short time thereafter.

Four deeds were submitted to the court as evidence in the court case:

John and Elizabeth Carver his wife, deed dated August 1828, sold to Elisha Carver for $118, one tract of land containing 75 acres on Peters Creek, Barren County, Kentucky, it being part of the tract conveyed by Benjamin W. Clark and his wife unto John and William Carver.

Jesse Bewley and Mary his wife, deed dated 2 August 1831, sold to Elisha Carver for $100, one tract of land on Peters Creek in Barren County, Kentucky, being the tract of land whereon Carver then lived, and the appurtenances thereon.

Ann D. Shirley of the Borough of Norfolk, State of Virginia, by George M. Pryer, her attorney-in-fact, deed dated 17 August 1833, sold to Elisha Carver for $100, 200 acres of land situated on Peters Creek, Barren County, Kentucky, it being part of a 1,333 1/3-acre survey patented to the heirs of Robert Tompkins, deceased, by patent dated 1 March 1800.


Charlotte Carver, deed dated 20 November 1841, sold to Elisha Carver for $150, and relinquished all her right of dower, her interest in a certain tract of land on Peters Creek owned by her husband William Carver, to have and to hold during her life.

Alexander L. Devasher was deposed on 17 September 1846 and asked about the current condition of Elisha Carver’s land which was believed to be occupied at the time by James Carver, one of the defendants in the case. In response to questions, Devasher stated he lived about two miles from James Carver, who he thought lived on the land upon which Elisha Carver lived and died. He said there were two or three different surveys, but it was all the same tract, and he thought James Carver had lived on the land for about three years.

Devasher was asked if he knew of James Carver, the defendant, having cut a great deal of salable timber off the land and sold it, and if Devasher had or had not bought timber from James Carver which came off the land. His response was that Carver had cut a right smart amount, such as board timber, rail timber, etc., but didn’t know much about the property lines and didn’t know whether they came off Elisha Carver’s land or not. He didn’t know of any that had been sold, except what he had heard. He said he had bought some rails from him, but didn’t know whether they came off that land or not.

Asked whether James Carver owned any other land in that neighborhood off of which he could have gotten the board and rail timber etc. he had mentioned, Devasher said James Carver didn’t own any other land except his interest in Elisha Carver’s tract of land.

Asked whether he knew if that land had been much injured and was not worth near as much since James Carver first went upon it to live, Devasher responded that he knew the place had gone to rack, and was not in as good repair as when Elisha Carver died.

Asked whether he knew or did not know that the land was not so valuable now for timber as when James Carver went on it, Devasher stated that if all the timber that had been cut was on the land, it would not be so valuable, but he didn’t know if all the timber was from that land. He didn’t know where the property line was.

Asked if he knew or did not know that James Carver had taken down a house and hauled it to the woods and there permitted the logs to rot, Devasher said they hauled a house out, it was said for Tom Williams to live in, but he didn’t know who the head manager was or anything about it. The logs, he reconned, were lying there yet, and he didn’t know anything about them. He had not seen them since.

Asked if he had not recently contracted with James Carver for a parcel of rails which were either on the land or to be made from the land, Devasher said he and Carver had been talking about trading for some rails, which he reconned were on the land, but they had not traded yet.

Another neighbor, Benjamin Littrell, was also deposed on 17 September 1846. He was asked if he knew or did not know of James Carver, one of the defendants in the case, having cut a great deal of valuable timber off of the land on which he was then living and upon which Elisha Carver died. He responded that there had been a right smart cut there, but he didn’t know that he cut it all. He had heard it said that he cut it, but he never saw him at it. He didn’t know that there was a great deal of valuable timber. There was some board timber, and some for plank, and some for hogsheads, cut off.

Asked if he knew or did not know that the place was much less valuable now than when James Carver went upon it, Littrell responded that he would not give as much for it as it was right smartly out of repair.

Asked how much he would say, or if he knew, to what extent the place had been injured, he said he hardly knew but at a rough guess would suppose, taking everything into consideration, that it had been injured something like $100.

Asked if he would please state, if he knew, in what way James Carver had been living on the land. Had he paid rent for it or not? Littrell responded that he couldn’t tell. He understood that Carver was to pay rent the first year, but how they had managed since he didn’t know.

Asked if he had bought timber from James Carver, the defendant, which grew upon the land, or knew of him selling to any other person, Littrell said he had never bought any from him himself, but understood that he had sold some plank and hogshead timber, which was said to have come off the land.

Asked if he knew if Carver, the defendant, had ever paid any rent for the said land, he said no. I don’t know that he ever has.

Note: No legal resolution, judgment or disposition of the suit was found in the court's case documents, although several deeds have been found in the records of Barren County, Kentucky that indicate that some actions to benefit Elisha's minor children were ordered by the Circuit Court, and some other deeds were found regarding various sales of pieces of his property by his heirs.1,2
(Brother-in-Law) Land Records2 January 1847 On 2 January 1847, for $50, James Carver purchased from his wife Lucy's sister and brother-in-law, Emily Jane and Martin Wood, their interest in the tract or tracts of land on the waters of Barren County, Kentucky, that had been owned by Lucy and Emily Jane's father, Elisha Carver, at his death. Our transcription of the deed follows:

This indenture made and entered into this 2nd day of January 1847 between Martin Wood and Emily Jane Wood his wife of the County of Barren and State of Kentucky of the first part and James Carver of the County and State aforesaid of the other part. Witnesseth that the said Martin Wood and Emily Jane his wife for and in consideration of the sum of $50 to them in hand paid by the said James Carver the receipt whereof they do herby acknowledge have bargained, sold and conveyed and by these presents do bargain, sell and convey unto the said James Carver all their right, title and interest in and to the tract or tracts of land owned by Elisha Carver at his death being on the waters of Peters Creek in Barren County. To have and to hold to the said James Carver the said interest in said tract or tracts of land together with all and singular its appurtenances thereunto belonging and the said Martin Wood and Emily Jane his wife do covenant and agree that they will for themselves and their heirs forever warrant and defend the said interest in the tract or tracts of land in fee simple unto the said James Carver his heirs and assigns. In testimony whereof they have hereunto set their hands and seals the day and date above written.

The signatures of both Martin Wood and Emily J. Wood were sealed with their marks, and the deed was recorded in Barren County, Kentucky on 2 January 1847.6
Land Records*11 December 1847 On 11 December 1847, James and Lucy Carver sold land on Barren County, Kentucky, to John T. Rogers for $200. The land was identified as having been in the possession of Lucy's father, Elisha Carver, at the time of his death, and the deed specified that the interest in the land intended to be sold was both the interest that had descended to Lucy from her father, as well as the interest sold to James by his brother-in-law, Martin Wood, and his wife, Emily Jane, who was Lucy's sister. The sale also included all of the interest James and Lucy might be entitled to in the Dower land of Louisa Carver, widow of Ellisha Carver and Lucy's stepmother, after Louisa's death. Our transcription of the deed follows:

This indenture dated the 11th day of December 1847 is made and entered into between James Carver and Lucy Carver his wife of Barren County, Kentucky, of the first part and John T. Rogers of said county of the second part. Witnesseth that for and in consideration of $200 in hand paid, the receipt whereof is hereby acknowledged, the parties of the first part have bargained and sold and do by these presents bargain, sell, align and convey unto the said John T. Rogers and his heirs forever, all the right, title and interest that they have in a tract of land composed of three surveys which belonged to and was in the possession of Elisha Carver at the time of his death, and which lies adjoining the lands of John Lewis, Obadiah Britt and Samuel Whitney on Peters Creek in Barren County, Kentucky, together with all its appurtenances, to have and to hold unto the said Rogers and his heirs forever. The interest in said land hereby intended to be conveyed is the interest that descended to the said Lucy from her deceased father Elisha Carver and the interest in said land sold by Martin Wood and his wife Emily Jane, late Emily Jane Carver, to said James Carver and described in the deed from said Wood and wife to said James Carver. Also all the interest that the parties of the first part are or may be entitled in and to the Dower land of Louisa Carver, widow of said Elisha Carver, after the death of said Widow. To have and to hold said interests unto the said Rogers and his heirs forever from all claims whatever and the parties of the first part covenant to forever warrant a good and valid title to the same unto the said Rogers and his heirs forever, free from all claims whatever. In testimony where of the parties of the first part have hereunto set their hands and seals this the day and year above written.

The signatures of both James Carver and Lucy Carver were sealed with their marks, and the deed was recorded in Barren County, Kentucky on 11 December 1847.7
Court Action*27 August 1850Louisa Carver filed a paternity petition with James R. Beam, Justice of the Peace, on 27 August 1850 in Barren County, Kentucky, naming James Carver the father of her male child, Joel Yancy Carver, born on 22 November 1848. Beam, on behalf of the Commonwealth of Kentucky wrote: To the Sheriff or any Constable of Barren County: Whereas Louisa Carver of Barren County, widow woman, hath, upon oath, declared before me, James R. Beam, one of the Commonwealth's Justices of the Peace, for the county aforesaid that on the 22nd day of November 1848 now past, at the house of the said Louisa Carver in the county of Barren, she the said Louisa Carver was delivered of a male bastard child and hath charged James Carver of this county, laborer, of having gotten her with child of the said Bastard child.

You are therefore commanded immediately to apprehend the said James Carver and bring him before me, or some other Justice of the Peace for said county, there and then to be dealt with according to the act of assault, in that case made and provided.

Given under my hand and seal on this 27th day of August 1850, and signed James R. Bean, J.P.8

Family 1

Lucy Carver b. 1826
Children1.James W. Carver4 b. 1845, d. Apr 1860
2.Samuel Carver4 b. 1849
3.Henry W. Carver9 b. 1856
4.Elizabeth Carver9 b. 1859

Family 2

Louisa Harrison b. 14 Oct 1819, d. 8 Jul 1906
Children1.William Hardin Carver+8 b. 31 Jan 1846, d. 14 Apr 1926
2.Joel Yancy Carver8 b. 22 Nov 1848, d. 25 May 1920

Citations

  1. [S2237] Britt Family Documents and Transcriptions, online at www.ancestry.com. Grouped within this source title are a variety of documents, transcriptions of documents, information from Bible records, written reports by past genealogists and researchers, and other miscellaneous information we have found attached to a variety of Ancestry public trees and used to increase our understanding of the extensive Britt family of Virginia, Tennessee and Kentucky. We thank all of the individuals who have made this information available; Martin and Emily Jane (Carver) Wood vs. the Heirs of Elisha Carver, deceased, Equity Case# 1472, filed 10 February 1846, abstracted, five pages copied by Gladys B. Wilson in 1975 at the Barren County Court House, Glasgow, Kentucky; originally shared by cczink on 11 August 2009, viewed on 29 August 2021, online beginning at https://www.ancestry.com/mediaui-viewer/tree/18383251/…. Hereinafter cited as Britt Family Documents and Transcriptions.
  2. [S2249] Kentucky. Circuit Court (Barren County), Equity judgments with general index ca. 1813-1931. Microfilm of originals in Glasgow, Kentucky; includes general index. FHL catalog warns that years are mixed and instructs to look up name in index, find bundle number, and look through bundle number until name is found: Film# 218713, Digital# 8685854, Case# 1472 filed 10 February 1846, Martin and Emily J. Wood vs. other heirs of Elisha Carver (1801-1842), image# 172-208 of 765; on 144 microfilm reels, viewed online at www.familysearch.org, www.familysearch.org, Salt Lake City, Utah. Hereinafter cited as Equity judgments with general index ca. 1813-1931 (Barren County, Kentucky Circuit Court).
  3. [S2237] Britt Family Documents and Transcriptions, online at www.ancestry.com, “William Carver Census Analysis”, page 2 of a two- page report dated 1983, Barren County, Kentucky, prepared by Lois Grider Black; originally shared by cczink on 12 August 2009, viewed on 8 September 2021, online at https://www.ancestry.com/mediaui-viewer/tree/34626012/….
  4. [S17] 1850 United States Federal Census, online at www.ancestry.com, household of James D. and Lucy Carver, Year: 1850; Census Place: Division 1, Barren, Kentucky; Roll: 191; Page: 387a. Hereinafter cited as 1850 United States Federal Census.
  5. [S2247] Clerk of the County Court, Barren County (Kentucky). Deeds, 1798-1902, 1961; indexes, 1798-1935. Microfilm of original and typescript at the Barren County courthouse in Glasgow, Kentucky; includes general index: Film# 209728, Digital# 8192154, Volume R, pages158-159, image# 115-116 of 601, Robert and Susan (Carver) Woodcock to John H. Page; on 35 microfilm rolls, viewed online at www.familysearch.org, www.familysearch.org, Salt Lake City, Utah. Hereinafter cited as Deeds, 1798-1902, 1961; indexes, 1798-1935 (Barren County, Kentucky).
  6. [S2247] Clerk of the County Court, Barren County (Kentucky). Deeds, 1798-1902, 1961; indexes, 1798-1935 (Barren County, Kentucky): Film# 209728, Digital# 8192154, Volume S, page 33, image# 341 of 601, Martin and Emily Jane (Carver) Wood to James Carver; on 35 microfilm rolls.
  7. [S2247] Clerk of the County Court, Barren County (Kentucky). Deeds, 1798-1902, 1961; indexes, 1798-1935 (Barren County, Kentucky): Film# 209728, Digital# 8192154, Volume S, page 208, image# 430 of 601, James and Lucy Carver to John T. Rogers; on 35 microfilm rolls.
  8. [S2237] Britt Family Documents and Transcriptions, online at www.ancestry.com, paternity petition to the Commonwealth of Kentucky on behalf of Louisa Carver, Barren County, Kentucky, regarding the paternity of a male child born 22 November 1848 and naming James Carver as the father of the child; originally shared by dorothywigg1 on 3 March 2013, viewed on 8 September 2021, online at https://www.ancestry.com/mediaui-viewer/tree/151600380/….
  9. [S18] 1860 United States Federal Census, online at www.ancestry.com, household of Lucy Carver, Year: 1860; Census Place: District 2, Barren, Kentucky; Page: 971. Hereinafter cited as 1860 United States Federal Census.

James L. Carver1

b. 1832
Father*Elisha Carver1 b. 1801, d. 5 Sep 1842
Mother*Tempy Bullington1 d. b 3 Jan 1840
Birth*1832James L. Carver was born about 1832 in Kentucky.2
(Omitted Son) Land Records21 June 1845An indenture was made and entered into on 21 June 1845 between William Garnett, a Commissioner who had been appointed by the Barren Circuit Court of Barren County, Kentucky, of the one part, and Isaac D. Powell and Thomas G. Powell of the second part, regarding a suit that had been brought by the Powells against Louisa Carver and the infant children of Elisha Carver, deceased. We note that only six of the children, Emily Carver, Lucy Carver, Elizabeth Carver, Martha Carver, John Carver and Mary T. Carver, were named, and that James L. Carver and Sarah F. Carver, also infant children of Elisha Carver, were not. Our transcription of the deed follows:

This indenture made and entered into the 21st day of June 1845 between William Garnett, a Commissioner appointed by the Barren Circuit Court, on the one part, and Isaac D. Powell and Thomas G. Powell of the second part, Witnesseth that whereas by a decree of the Barren Circuit Court, ordered at the June Term 1845 in a suit between the said Powells, Complainants, and Louisa Carver and others, Defendants, William Garnett was appointed a Commissioner and directed to convey to the Complainants by deed with general warranties all the right, title and interest which said infant defendants, to wit: Emily Carver, Lucy Carver, Martha Carver, Elizabeth Carver, John Carver and Mary T. Carver have in and to the tract of land in the suit and exhibit mentioned. Said land is described in the exhibit filed in said cause to be bounded as follows, to wit: Beginning at a sycamore and beech on Peters and Snells Creek, thence S 31 W 110 poles to a white oak and hickory, thence S 60 W 32 poles to a white oak and hickory on Graham’s Original line, thence with the same N 23 W 66 poles to a sugar tree and beech, thence N 60 E 27 poles to two beeches on the ridge, thence N 20 E 57 poles to a gum on Clark’s line, thence with the same S 82 E 76 poles to the beginning, containing 43 acres more or less.

Now, in consideration of the premises, and for the further consideration of $86 acknowledged in said exhibit, to have been paid to the ancestor of said infant defendants, I William Garnett as Commissioner on the part of said infant defendants, do hereby convey to the Complainants, all the right, title and interest which said infant defendants, Emily Carver, etc., have in and to the above-described land, to the Powells, their heirs and assigns forever. To have and to hold the same free from the claim or claims of the said infant Carvers and all other persons. In witness whereof, I as Commissioner, do hereunto set my hand and seal the day and year aforesaid.

The signature of William Garnett, Commissioner, was sealed, and the deed was recorded in Barren County, Kentucky in July 1845.3
(Elder Son) Court Action10 February 1846James was named as a defendant, along with his siblings and other heirs of his father, in a lawsuit filed by his sister and brother-in-law, Emily Jane and Martin Wood.

Case# 1472 was filed on 10 February 1846 in the Circuit Court at Glasgow, Barren County, Kentucky, whereby Martin Wood and Emily Jane his wife, who had been married on 13 September 1845 by Henry Lee in Barren County, stated that Emily Jane was the daughter and one of the heirs of Elisha Carver, deceased, and that said Carver was possessed of a tract of land lying in Barren County on the waters of Peters Creek containing 280 acres, and that Carver at the time of his death had legal title to the land, and that he died intestate.

Elisha Carver left a widow, Louisa Carver, and the following children: Lucy Carver, since intermarried with James Carver, Elizabeth Carver, Marthy Ann Carver, James L. Carver, John Carver, Mary T. Carver, and Sarah F. Carver, who with Emily Jane (Carver) Wood, were his only children and legal representatives. The six last named, except Emily, being infants under 21 years of age.

Martin and Emily stated that the land was rapidly deteriorating in value, and would in a few years be seriously and irreparably damaged by exhausting the arable land, and cutting and destroying the timber.

They stated that the land could not be advantageously divided as the share of each of the heirs would be less than $100, and that it would be to the advantage of all to sell the land and divide the proceeds.

An amendment to the above bill stated that James Jameson, Sheriff of Barren County, was appointed by the Barron County court to administer the estate of Elisha Carver, deceased, and that H. P. Curd, Deputy Sheriff for Jameson, acted as Administrator. The Plaintiffs asked that Curd be made a Defendant to the suit, and made to state the amount of the estate that had come into his hands.

In another amendment dated 21 March 1846, the Complainants stated that they understood that Charlotte Carver or her children, Joel Y. and Catherine Carver, had some claim, or pretended claim, on the estate of Elisha Carver, deceased. For the purpose of contesting all things in this suit, they asked the court to make them and John G. Rogers, who had been appointed Guardian of Joel Y. and Catherine Carver, defendants to their suit and any other bills therein, and that they answer.

Charlotte Carver’s response was filed on 26 June 1846, stating that Elisha Carver’s estate was indebted to her children, Joel Y. and Catherine Carver, in the amount of $38 each, for a total of $76. Mr. Curd, representing Charlotte, explained the indebtedness. He stated that Charlotte was the Administratrix of her deceased husband, William Carver's, estate, and that Elisha Carver was her security. Elisha became uneasy, and by way of making him safe, she sold to him her dower interest in the tract of land on which her husband lived and died, for and in consideration of his assuming to pay to Susan (Carver) Woodcock, Joel Y. and Catherine Carver the sum of $38 each being the amount of their respective interests in the estate of William Carver, their father. Elisha Carver thereafter paid Susan Woodcock her $38, but never paid Joel Y. or Catherine their parts. Curd stated that Charlotte claimed nothing for herself out of the estate of Elisha Carver, just what he owed her children.

H. P. Curd's testimony was filed on 21 March 1845, in which he admitted that Elisha Carver departed his life intestate and that by an order of the court he, Curd, as deputy for James Jameson, Sheriff, was qualified to administer the estate, which he did. He sold the personal property, settled the debts, and had in his possession $59.55 belonging to the estate. He testified that Charlotte Carver or her children, Joel Y. and Catherine, were claiming a debt of said estate amounting to $76., which she was alleging was the amount of the balance of the price agreed to be paid by Elisha for the tract of land. Curd claimed to know nothing of his own knowledge of the justness of the claim, and stated that if the claim was justly due and owing that so much of said tract of land be ordered and decreed sold as would pay the balance of $76, first deducting the amount he had in his possession, and allowing him his reasonable costs in defending the suit, including an attorney’s fee.

Testimony by attorney John G. Rogers, representing James Carver and Lucy Carver his wife, was filed on 15 June 1846. They admitted that Emily Wood was a daughter of Elisha Carver, deceased, and that he died intestate, that the heirs and legal representatives listed in the suit were correct, and that Lucy was one of the heirs and a child of Elisha Carver, deceased.

They denied that it would be to their interest to have the said land sold and the proceeds divided. They thought it would be better, and desired, that the land should be divided between the heirs, and that their portions be allotted to them even if the rest were to be sold.

The testimony of John G. Rogers, then testifying on his own behalf, was filed on 24 June 1846. He stated he was the Guardian of Joel Y. and Catherine Carver, the children of Charlotte Carver, and essentially made the same statements to the court that Charlotte had made. That Charlotte Carver was the wife of William Carver, and that her children were Susan Woodcock, Joel Y., and Catherine Carver. In addition, he told of the arrangement between Charlotte and Elisha Carver regarding her selling Elisha her dower interest in the land, that Elisha had paid Susan, and doubtless would have paid Joel Y. and Catherine if he had lived. He said Elisha died a short time thereafter.

Four deeds were submitted to the court as evidence in the court case:

John and Elizabeth Carver his wife, deed dated August 1828, sold to Elisha Carver for $118, one tract of land containing 75 acres on Peters Creek, Barren County, Kentucky, it being part of the tract conveyed by Benjamin W. Clark and his wife unto John and William Carver.

Jesse Bewley and Mary his wife, deed dated 2 August 1831, sold to Elisha Carver for $100, one tract of land on Peters Creek in Barren County, Kentucky, being the tract of land whereon Carver then lived, and the appurtenances thereon.

Ann D. Shirley of the Borough of Norfolk, State of Virginia, by George M. Pryer, her attorney-in-fact, deed dated 17 August 1833, sold to Elisha Carver for $100, 200 acres of land situated on Peters Creek, Barren County, Kentucky, it being part of a 1,333 1/3-acre survey patented to the heirs of Robert Tompkins, deceased, by patent dated 1 March 1800.


Charlotte Carver, deed dated 20 November 1841, sold to Elisha Carver for $150, and relinquished all her right of dower, her interest in a certain tract of land on Peters Creek owned by her husband William Carver, to have and to hold during her life.

Alexander L. Devasher was deposed on 17 September 1846 and asked about the current condition of Elisha Carver’s land which was believed to be occupied at the time by James Carver, one of the defendants in the case. In response to questions, Devasher stated he lived about two miles from James Carver, who he thought lived on the land upon which Elisha Carver lived and died. He said there were two or three different surveys, but it was all the same tract, and he thought James Carver had lived on the land for about three years.

Devasher was asked if he knew of James Carver, the defendant, having cut a great deal of salable timber off the land and sold it, and if Devasher had or had not bought timber from James Carver which came off the land. His response was that Carver had cut a right smart amount, such as board timber, rail timber, etc., but didn’t know much about the property lines and didn’t know whether they came off Elisha Carver’s land or not. He didn’t know of any that had been sold, except what he had heard. He said he had bought some rails from him, but didn’t know whether they came off that land or not.

Asked whether James Carver owned any other land in that neighborhood off of which he could have gotten the board and rail timber etc. he had mentioned, Devasher said James Carver didn’t own any other land except his interest in Elisha Carver’s tract of land.

Asked whether he knew if that land had been much injured and was not worth near as much since James Carver first went upon it to live, Devasher responded that he knew the place had gone to rack, and was not in as good repair as when Elisha Carver died.

Asked whether he knew or did not know that the land was not so valuable now for timber as when James Carver went on it, Devasher stated that if all the timber that had been cut was on the land, it would not be so valuable, but he didn’t know if all the timber was from that land. He didn’t know where the property line was.

Asked if he knew or did not know that James Carver had taken down a house and hauled it to the woods and there permitted the logs to rot, Devasher said they hauled a house out, it was said for Tom Williams to live in, but he didn’t know who the head manager was or anything about it. The logs, he reconned, were lying there yet, and he didn’t know anything about them. He had not seen them since.

Asked if he had not recently contracted with James Carver for a parcel of rails which were either on the land or to be made from the land, Devasher said he and Carver had been talking about trading for some rails, which he reconned were on the land, but they had not traded yet.

Another neighbor, Benjamin Littrell, was also deposed on 17 September 1846. He was asked if he knew or did not know of James Carver, one of the defendants in the case, having cut a great deal of valuable timber off of the land on which he was then living and upon which Elisha Carver died. He responded that there had been a right smart cut there, but he didn’t know that he cut it all. He had heard it said that he cut it, but he never saw him at it. He didn’t know that there was a great deal of valuable timber. There was some board timber, and some for plank, and some for hogsheads, cut off.

Asked if he knew or did not know that the place was much less valuable now than when James Carver went upon it, Littrell responded that he would not give as much for it as it was right smartly out of repair.

Asked how much he would say, or if he knew, to what extent the place had been injured, he said he hardly knew but at a rough guess would suppose, taking everything into consideration, that it had been injured something like $100.

Asked if he would please state, if he knew, in what way James Carver had been living on the land. Had he paid rent for it or not? Littrell responded that he couldn’t tell. He understood that Carver was to pay rent the first year, but how they had managed since he didn’t know.

Asked if he had bought timber from James Carver, the defendant, which grew upon the land, or knew of him selling to any other person, Littrell said he had never bought any from him himself, but understood that he had sold some plank and hogshead timber, which was said to have come off the land.

Asked if he knew if Carver, the defendant, had ever paid any rent for the said land, he said no. I don’t know that he ever has.

Note: No legal resolution, judgment or disposition of the suit was found in the court's case documents, although several deeds have been found in the records of Barren County, Kentucky that indicate that some actions to benefit Elisha's minor children were ordered by the Circuit Court, and some other deeds were found regarding various sales of pieces of his property by his heirs.4,1
(Omitted Son) Land Records3 August 1850A deed was prepared on 3 August 1850 in Barren County, Kentucky, which corrected and completed an earlier deed dated 21 June 1845. The earlier deed was made to carry out the Barren County Circuit Court's directive in a suit brought by Complainants Isaac D. Powell and Thomas G. Powell against Defendants Louisa Carver, the widow of Elisha Carver, and his infant children. Ruling for the Complainants, the court had directed that a certain tract of land which had been owned by Elisha Carver, deceased, and was in the possession of the Defendants, be conveyed to the Complainants, Isaac D. Powell and Thomas G. Powell. The names of two of Elisha's children, James L. Carver and Sarah F. Carver, were missing, we believe in error, from the original deed of conveyance and this second deed, which conveyed the same land, was prepared and filed as a correction of the omissions in the first.

We note that Thomas G. Powell, one of the original Complainants, had died in 1846 and his children, James A. Powell, Huldah A. Powell, Samuel R. Powell, Nelson T. Powell, William J. Powell and John V. Powell, replaced their father as Complainants with their uncle, Isaac D. Powell, in the 1850 deed, and that Sarah F. Carver, who had also died, was replaced as a Defendant by her stepmother, Louisa Carver. We also note that the line in brackets, [thence S 60 W 32 poles to a white oak and hickory], which appeared in the original deed, was omitted in the second when the copy was made. Our transcription of the second deed follows:

In a suit of Isaac D. Powell, Complainant, and Louisa Carver and others, Defendants, the Barren Circuit Court at the June Term 1850 made an order appointing William Garnett a Commissioner and directing him to convey on behalf of defendants James and Sarah F. Carver to the Complainant Isaac D. Powell and to the children and heirs at law of Thomas G. Powell, deceased, the land in the suit and 1 shilling mentioned. Said land contains 43 acres and lies in Barren County and is bounded as follows: Beginning at a sycamore and beech on Peters and Snells Creek, thence S 31 W 110 poles to a white oak and hickory [thence S 60 W 32 poles to a white oak and hickory] on Graham’s Original line, thence with the same N 23 W 66 poles to a sugar tree and beech, thence N 60 E 27 poles to two beeches on the ridge, thence N 20 E 57 poles to a gum on Clark’s line, thence with the same S 82 E 76 poles to the beginning.

Now, in consideration of the premises, I William Garnett as Commissioner do hereby convey to Isaac D. Powell and to the children and heirs at law of Thomas G. Powell deceased, to wit: James A. Powell, Huldah A. Powell, Samuel R. Powell, Nelson T. Powell, William J. Powell and John V. Powell on behalf of James and Lousia Carver the land aforesaid to the said Isaac D. Powell and others, their heirs and assigns forever. To have and to hold free from the claim of said James and Louisa Caver, and all persons claiming under them, and agree on the part of the said James and Louisa Carver to warrant and defend the title to said land to said Isaac D. Powell, Defendant, from the claim of all persons to the extent of assets descended to said James and Louisa Carver from their father Elisha, deceased. Given under my hand and seal this 3rd day of August 1850.

The signature of William Garnett, Commissioner, was sealed, and the deed was recorded in Barren County, Kentucky on 2 October 1851.5
(Child) Land RecordsSeptember 1850The Circuit Court of Barren County, Kentucky, during the court's term in September 1850, in the case of James W. Gorin, Guardian for Elizabeth Carver, Martha Ann Carver, James L. Carver and Mary T. Carver, the minor children of Elisha Carver, deceased, against Louisa Carver, Elisha's widow, and John T. Rogers, defendants, found for the defendants. Gorin was directed by the Court to convey, on behalf of the children, their interest, exclusive of the widow's Dower, in the land in the Bill to John T. Rogers, purchaser under the decree. Our transcription of the directive's resulting conveyance of property follows:

This indenture witnesseth that, whereas the Barren Circuit Court at the September Term 1850 in the case of J. W. Gorin, Guardian for Elizabeth, Martha Ann, James L. and Mary T. Carver, against Louisa Carver and John T. Rogers, made an order directing James W. Gorin to convey the interest of said Elizabeth, Martha Ann, James L. and Mary T. Carver (exclusive of the widow’s Dower) in and to the land in the Bill and decree to John T. Rogers, purchaser under the decree aforesaid, for and on the part of the infant Wards aforesaid. Said land is described in a survey, that was filed in the case, that was made by James Scrivner on the 25th and 26th February 1848 as surveyed when the Dower of said Louisa Carver was assigned to her.

Beginning at two poplars on the south bank of Peters Creek and Corner to Samuel Whitney’s, thence with Whitney’s line S 47 W, S 50 W 40 poles to a sugar tree and beech, thence S 12½ W (south) 27 poles to a beech on a branch, thence S 20½ W (S 18 W) to a large poplar, thence S 6 E 54 poles to two beeches and a poplar on a branch, thence up the branch S 55 W 54 poles to a poplar and beech, thence S 6 E 61 poles to a hickory and two beeches near a road, thence S 58½ E 50 poles to a hickory and two beech stumps in a clearing, thence N 81 E 176 poles to a small white oak, beech and dogwood on Graham’s line, thence N 23½ W 39 poles to a beech and sugar tree, N 53 E 27 poles to two beeches, N 20 E 26 poles to a black gum, N 77 W 48 poles to a small beech, N 31 W 78 poles to a stake above the head of a spring, N 37 W 42 poles to a sugar tree, corner to Obadiah Britt Jr. on the bank of the Creek, thence down the Creek with its meanderings to the beginning, containing 248 acres nearly.

The Dower is bounded as follows: Beginning at two poplars, corner of Samuel Whitney, on the bank of Peters Creek, thence S 57 W, 50 W 40 poles to a sugar tree and beech, S 12½ W (south) 27 poles to a beech on a branch, Whitney’s corner, thence S 48 ½ E 134 poles to a poplar, beech and ash on the hill side, S 60 E 84 poles to two beeches on a ridge and corner to the whole tract, N 20 E 56 poles to a black gum, N 77 W 44 poles to a small beech, N 31 W 78 poles to a beech (down) at the head of a spring, N 32 W 42 poles to a sugar tree, Britt’s corner, on the Creek, thence with the Creek to the beginning, containing 76 acres.

Now, in consideration of the premises, I James W. Gorin, Commissioner, do hereby on the part of said infants, convey their interests in the above-described land (exclusive of the widow’s Dower) to John T. Rogers and agree, on the part of said infants, forever to warrant and defend the title in the interest aforesaid to said bounds to said John T. Rogers his heirs and assigns forever against the claim or claims of all persons claiming under them, but this warrant is only to extend to the assets descended to said infants from their father.

The order was given under the hand and seal of James W. Gorin as Commissioner on the 9th day of October 1851, and was recorded in Barren County, Kentucky on 24 March 1852.6

Citations

  1. [S2249] Kentucky. Circuit Court (Barren County), Equity judgments with general index ca. 1813-1931. Microfilm of originals in Glasgow, Kentucky; includes general index. FHL catalog warns that years are mixed and instructs to look up name in index, find bundle number, and look through bundle number until name is found: Film# 218713, Digital# 8685854, Case# 1472 filed 10 February 1846, Martin and Emily J. Wood vs. other heirs of Elisha Carver (1801-1842), image# 172-208 of 765; on 144 microfilm reels, viewed online at www.familysearch.org, www.familysearch.org, Salt Lake City, Utah. Hereinafter cited as Equity judgments with general index ca. 1813-1931 (Barren County, Kentucky Circuit Court).
  2. [S17] 1850 United States Federal Census, online at www.ancestry.com, household of James D. and Lucy Carver, Year: 1850; Census Place: Division 1, Barren, Kentucky; Roll: 191; Page: 387a. Hereinafter cited as 1850 United States Federal Census.
  3. [S2247] Clerk of the County Court, Barren County (Kentucky). Deeds, 1798-1902, 1961; indexes, 1798-1935. Microfilm of original and typescript at the Barren County courthouse in Glasgow, Kentucky; includes general index: Film# 209730, Digital# 8568123, Volume V, pages 409-410, image# 209-210 of 336, William Garnett, a Commissioner appointed by the Barren Circuit Court, regarding Isaac D. Powell and Thomas G. Powell, Complainants, against Louisa Carver and the children of Elisha Carver, deceased; on 35 microfilm rolls, viewed online at www.familysearch.org, www.familysearch.org, Salt Lake City, Utah. Hereinafter cited as Deeds, 1798-1902, 1961; indexes, 1798-1935 (Barren County, Kentucky).
  4. [S2237] Britt Family Documents and Transcriptions, online at www.ancestry.com. Grouped within this source title are a variety of documents, transcriptions of documents, information from Bible records, written reports by past genealogists and researchers, and other miscellaneous information we have found attached to a variety of Ancestry public trees and used to increase our understanding of the extensive Britt family of Virginia, Tennessee and Kentucky. We thank all of the individuals who have made this information available; Martin and Emily Jane (Carver) Wood vs. the Heirs of Elisha Carver, deceased, Equity Case# 1472, filed 10 February 1846, abstracted, five pages copied by Gladys B. Wilson in 1975 at the Barren County Court House, Glasgow, Kentucky; originally shared by cczink on 11 August 2009, viewed on 29 August 2021, online beginning at https://www.ancestry.com/mediaui-viewer/tree/18383251/…. Hereinafter cited as Britt Family Documents and Transcriptions.
  5. [S2247] Clerk of the County Court, Barren County (Kentucky). Deeds, 1798-1902, 1961; indexes, 1798-1935 (Barren County, Kentucky): Film# 209730, Digital# 8568123, Volume V, pages 410-411, image# 210 of 336, William Garnett, a Commissioner appointed by the Barren Circuit Court, carrying out the court’s directive regarding a suit brought by Isaac D. Powell and the children and heirs at law of Thomas G. Powell, Complainants, against James and Sarah Carver, the two children who had not been named in the court’s 1845 directive for the Complainants, regarding the same land, against the other heirs of their father, Elisha Carver, deceased, Defendants; on 35 microfilm rolls.
  6. [S2247] Clerk of the County Court, Barren County (Kentucky). Deeds, 1798-1902, 1961; indexes, 1798-1935 (Barren County, Kentucky): Film# 209729, Digital# 8402413, Volume U, pages 82-83, image# 340 of 579, result of resolution in Barren Circuit Court in September 1850 of the case of James W. Gorin, Guardian for minor Carver children, against Louisa Carver and John T. Rogers; on 35 microfilm rolls.

James M. Carver1

b. 1845
Father*James Carver1 b. 1818
Mother*Malinda Bridges1 b. 1822, d. 1855
Birth*1845James M. Carver was born about 1845 in Kentucky.1
(Son) Death1855His mother died about 1855, probably in Barren County, Kentucky, at about age 32.2,3

Citations

  1. [S17] 1850 United States Federal Census, online at www.ancestry.com, household of James and Malinda Carver, Year: 1850; Census Place: Division 1, Barren, Kentucky; Roll: 191; Page: 388a. Hereinafter cited as 1850 United States Federal Census.
  2. [S18] 1860 United States Federal Census, online at www.ancestry.com, household of John S. and Tarlice Elmore, Year: 1860; Census Place: District 2, Barren, Kentucky; Page: 949. Hereinafter cited as 1860 United States Federal Census.
  3. [S18] 1860 United States Federal Census, online at www.ancestry.com, household of Franklin and Harriett Berry, Year: 1860; Census Place: District 2, Barren, Kentucky; Page: 950.

James W. Carver1

b. 1845, d. April 1860
Father*James Carver1 b. 1822
Mother*Lucy Carver1 b. 1826
Birth*1845James W. Carver was born about 1845 in Kentucky.1
Death*April 1860He died in April 1860 at age 16. He had been ill for two days and his cause of death was not known.2

Citations

  1. [S17] 1850 United States Federal Census, online at www.ancestry.com, household of James D. and Lucy Carver, Year: 1850; Census Place: Division 1, Barren, Kentucky; Roll: 191; Page: 387a. Hereinafter cited as 1850 United States Federal Census.
  2. [S1691] U.S. Federal Census Mortality Schedules, 1850-1885, online at www.ancestry.com, death of James Carver in April 1860, age 16, born about 1844 in Kentucky, USA, referencing the 1860 Mortality Census for District 2, Barren County, Kentucky, USA, Line 3, citing National Archives and Records Administration (NARA), Washington, D.C., Archive Collection: T655, Roll Number: 14, census year 1860, District 2, Barren, Kentucky, page 24. Hereinafter cited as U.S. Federal Census Mortality Schedules, 1850-1885.

James W. Carver1

b. 7 February 1851, d. 18 March 1883
Father*Joel Y. Carver1 b. 1827
Mother*Mary Ann Levi1 b. 1832
Birth*7 February 1851James W. Carver was born on 7 February 1851 in Kentucky.1,2
Marriage*26 November 1872He married, as her first husband, Elizabeth Woodcock, daughter of John Woodcock and Mildred J. Wheeler, on 26 November 1872 in Glasgow, Barren County, Kentucky.3,4,2
Death*18 March 1883He died on 18 March 1883 at age 322
Burial* and was buried in Carver Cemetery #4, Austin, Barren County, Kentucky.2

Family

Permelia Elizabeth Woodcock b. 24 Aug 1854, d. 19 Jan 1944

Citations

  1. [S18] 1860 United States Federal Census, online at www.ancestry.com, household of Joel and Mary A. Carver, Year: 1860; Census Place: District 2, Barren, Kentucky; Page: 951. Hereinafter cited as 1860 United States Federal Census.
  2. [S748] Find a Grave website, which often provides cemetery and tombstone photos, and sometimes personal biographies, that may be obtained from the site, online at www.findagrave.com, James W. Carver, Memorial# 109915329. Hereinafter cited as Find a Grave website.
  3. [S1739] Kentucky, U.S., County Marriage Records, 1783-1965, online at www.ancestry.com, marriage on 26 November 1872 in Glasgow, Barren County, Kentucky, USA, of James W. Carver and Elizabeth Woodcock, citing FHL Film# 000551011. Hereinafter cited as Kentucky, U.S., County Marriage Records, 1783-1965.
  4. [S748] Find a Grave website, online at www.findagrave.com, Permelia Elizabeth (Woodcock) Carver, Memorial# 120724052.

Joel Y. Carver1,2

b. 1827
Father*William Carver1 b. 1790, d. b Aug 1828
Mother*Charlotte Lee1 b. 1787
Birth*1827Joel Y. Carver was born about 1827 in Virginia.3
(Nephew) Court Action10 February 1846Joel Y. Carver, his mother, and his younger sister, Catherine Carver, were named as defendants, along with several other heirs of Joel's uncle, Elisha Carver, deceased, in a lawsuit filed by Elisha's eldest daughter, Emily Jane, and her husband, Martin Wood.

Case# 1472 was filed on 10 February 1846 in the Circuit Court at Glasgow, Barren County, Kentucky, whereby Martin Wood and Emily Jane his wife, who had been married on 13 September 1845 by Henry Lee in Barren County, stated that Emily Jane was the daughter and one of the heirs of Elisha Carver, deceased, and that said Carver was possessed of a tract of land lying in Barren County on the waters of Peters Creek containing 280 acres, and that Carver at the time of his death had legal title to the land, and that he died intestate.

Elisha Carver left a widow, Louisa Carver, and the following children: Lucy Carver, since intermarried with James Carver, Elizabeth Carver, Marthy Ann Carver, James L. Carver, John Carver, Mary T. Carver, and Sarah F. Carver, who with Emily Jane (Carver) Wood, were his only children and legal representatives. The six last named, except Emily, being infants under 21 years of age.

Martin and Emily stated that the land was rapidly deteriorating in value, and would in a few years be seriously and irreparably damaged by exhausting the arable land, and cutting and destroying the timber.

They stated that the land could not be advantageously divided as the share of each of the heirs would be less than $100, and that it would be to the advantage of all to sell the land and divide the proceeds.

An amendment to the above bill stated that James Jameson, Sheriff of Barren County, was appointed by the Barron County court to administer the estate of Elisha Carver, deceased, and that H. P. Curd, Deputy Sheriff for Jameson, acted as Administrator. The Plaintiffs asked that Curd be made a Defendant to the suit, and made to state the amount of the estate that had come into his hands.

In another amendment dated 21 March 1846, the Complainants stated that they understood that Charlotte Carver or her children, Joel Y. and Catherine Carver, had some claim, or pretended claim, on the estate of Elisha Carver, deceased. For the purpose of contesting all things in this suit, they asked the court to make them and John G. Rogers, who had been appointed Guardian of Joel Y. and Catherine Carver, defendants to their suit and any other bills therein, and that they answer.

Charlotte Carver’s response was filed on 26 June 1846, stating that Elisha Carver’s estate was indebted to her children, Joel Y. and Catherine Carver, in the amount of $38 each, for a total of $76. Mr. Curd, representing Charlotte, explained the indebtedness. He stated that Charlotte was the Administratrix of her deceased husband, William Carver's, estate, and that Elisha Carver was her security. Elisha became uneasy, and by way of making him safe, she sold to him her dower interest in the tract of land on which her husband lived and died, for and in consideration of his assuming to pay to Susan (Carver) Woodcock, Joel Y. and Catherine Carver the sum of $38 each being the amount of their respective interests in the estate of William Carver, their father. Elisha Carver thereafter paid Susan Woodcock her $38, but never paid Joel Y. or Catherine their parts. Curd stated that Charlotte claimed nothing for herself out of the estate of Elisha Carver, just what he owed her children.

H. P. Curd's testimony was filed on 21 March 1845, in which he admitted that Elisha Carver departed his life intestate and that by an order of the court he, Curd, as deputy for James Jameson, Sheriff, was qualified to administer the estate, which he did. He sold the personal property, settled the debts, and had in his possession $59.55 belonging to the estate. He testified that Charlotte Carver or her children, Joel Y. and Catherine, were claiming a debt of said estate amounting to $76., which she was alleging was the amount of the balance of the price agreed to be paid by Elisha for the tract of land. Curd claimed to know nothing of his own knowledge of the justness of the claim, and stated that if the claim was justly due and owing that so much of said tract of land be ordered and decreed sold as would pay the balance of $76, first deducting the amount he had in his possession, and allowing him his reasonable costs in defending the suit, including an attorney’s fee.

Testimony by attorney John G. Rogers, representing James Carver and Lucy Carver his wife, was filed on 15 June 1846. They admitted that Emily Wood was a daughter of Elisha Carver, deceased, and that he died intestate, that the heirs and legal representatives listed in the suit were correct, and that Lucy was one of the heirs and a child of Elisha Carver, deceased.

They denied that it would be to their interest to have the said land sold and the proceeds divided. They thought it would be better, and desired, that the land should be divided between the heirs, and that their portions be allotted to them even if the rest were to be sold.

The testimony of John G. Rogers, then testifying on his own behalf, was filed on 24 June 1846. He stated he was the Guardian of Joel Y. and Catherine Carver, the children of Charlotte Carver, and essentially made the same statements to the court that Charlotte had made. That Charlotte Carver was the wife of William Carver, and that her children were Susan Woodcock, Joel Y., and Catherine Carver. In addition, he told of the arrangement between Charlotte and Elisha Carver regarding her selling Elisha her dower interest in the land, that Elisha had paid Susan, and doubtless would have paid Joel Y. and Catherine if he had lived. He said Elisha died a short time thereafter.

Four deeds were submitted to the court as evidence in the court case:

John and Elizabeth Carver his wife, deed dated August 1828, sold to Elisha Carver for $118, one tract of land containing 75 acres on Peters Creek, Barren County, Kentucky, it being part of the tract conveyed by Benjamin W. Clark and his wife unto John and William Carver.

Jesse Bewley and Mary his wife, deed dated 2 August 1831, sold to Elisha Carver for $100, one tract of land on Peters Creek in Barren County, Kentucky, being the tract of land whereon Carver then lived, and the appurtenances thereon.

Ann D. Shirley of the Borough of Norfolk, State of Virginia, by George M. Pryer, her attorney-in-fact, deed dated 17 August 1833, sold to Elisha Carver for $100, 200 acres of land situated on Peters Creek, Barren County, Kentucky, it being part of a 1,333 1/3-acre survey patented to the heirs of Robert Tompkins, deceased, by patent dated 1 March 1800.


Charlotte Carver, deed dated 20 November 1841, sold to Elisha Carver for $150, and relinquished all her right of dower, her interest in a certain tract of land on Peters Creek owned by her husband William Carver, to have and to hold during her life.

Alexander L. Devasher was deposed on 17 September 1846 and asked about the current condition of Elisha Carver’s land which was believed to be occupied at the time by James Carver, one of the defendants in the case. In response to questions, Devasher stated he lived about two miles from James Carver, who he thought lived on the land upon which Elisha Carver lived and died. He said there were two or three different surveys, but it was all the same tract, and he thought James Carver had lived on the land for about three years.

Devasher was asked if he knew of James Carver, the defendant, having cut a great deal of salable timber off the land and sold it, and if Devasher had or had not bought timber from James Carver which came off the land. His response was that Carver had cut a right smart amount, such as board timber, rail timber, etc., but didn’t know much about the property lines and didn’t know whether they came off Elisha Carver’s land or not. He didn’t know of any that had been sold, except what he had heard. He said he had bought some rails from him, but didn’t know whether they came off that land or not.

Asked whether James Carver owned any other land in that neighborhood off of which he could have gotten the board and rail timber etc. he had mentioned, Devasher said James Carver didn’t own any other land except his interest in Elisha Carver’s tract of land.

Asked whether he knew if that land had been much injured and was not worth near as much since James Carver first went upon it to live, Devasher responded that he knew the place had gone to rack, and was not in as good repair as when Elisha Carver died.

Asked whether he knew or did not know that the land was not so valuable now for timber as when James Carver went on it, Devasher stated that if all the timber that had been cut was on the land, it would not be so valuable, but he didn’t know if all the timber was from that land. He didn’t know where the property line was.

Asked if he knew or did not know that James Carver had taken down a house and hauled it to the woods and there permitted the logs to rot, Devasher said they hauled a house out, it was said for Tom Williams to live in, but he didn’t know who the head manager was or anything about it. The logs, he reconned, were lying there yet, and he didn’t know anything about them. He had not seen them since.

Asked if he had not recently contracted with James Carver for a parcel of rails which were either on the land or to be made from the land, Devasher said he and Carver had been talking about trading for some rails, which he reconned were on the land, but they had not traded yet.

Another neighbor, Benjamin Littrell, was also deposed on 17 September 1846. He was asked if he knew or did not know of James Carver, one of the defendants in the case, having cut a great deal of valuable timber off of the land on which he was then living and upon which Elisha Carver died. He responded that there had been a right smart cut there, but he didn’t know that he cut it all. He had heard it said that he cut it, but he never saw him at it. He didn’t know that there was a great deal of valuable timber. There was some board timber, and some for plank, and some for hogsheads, cut off.

Asked if he knew or did not know that the place was much less valuable now than when James Carver went upon it, Littrell responded that he would not give as much for it as it was right smartly out of repair.

Asked how much he would say, or if he knew, to what extent the place had been injured, he said he hardly knew but at a rough guess would suppose, taking everything into consideration, that it had been injured something like $100.

Asked if he would please state, if he knew, in what way James Carver had been living on the land. Had he paid rent for it or not? Littrell responded that he couldn’t tell. He understood that Carver was to pay rent the first year, but how they had managed since he didn’t know.

Asked if he had bought timber from James Carver, the defendant, which grew upon the land, or knew of him selling to any other person, Littrell said he had never bought any from him himself, but understood that he had sold some plank and hogshead timber, which was said to have come off the land.

Asked if he knew if Carver, the defendant, had ever paid any rent for the said land, he said no. I don’t know that he ever has.

Note: No legal resolution, judgment or disposition of the suit was found in the court's case documents, although several deeds have been found in the records of Barren County, Kentucky that indicate that some actions to benefit Elisha's minor children were ordered by the Circuit Court, and some other deeds were found regarding various sales of pieces of his property by his heirs.2,1
Marriage*24 March 1848He married Mary Ann Levi on 24 March 1848 in Allen County, Kentucky.4
Census US 1860*1 August 1860Mary A. and Joel Y. Carver were enumerated on the 1860 census taken on 1 August 1860 in District 2, Barren County, Kentucky. Joel was 33 years of age and a farmer with real estate valued at $650 and a personal estate valued at $1,000. Mary Ann was age 29, and neither of them was able to read or write. The couple had four children in 1860.5

Family

Mary Ann Levi b. 1832
Child1.James W. Carver5 b. 7 Feb 1851, d. 18 Mar 1883

Citations

  1. [S2249] Kentucky. Circuit Court (Barren County), Equity judgments with general index ca. 1813-1931. Microfilm of originals in Glasgow, Kentucky; includes general index. FHL catalog warns that years are mixed and instructs to look up name in index, find bundle number, and look through bundle number until name is found: Film# 218713, Digital# 8685854, Case# 1472 filed 10 February 1846, Martin and Emily J. Wood vs. other heirs of Elisha Carver (1801-1842), image# 172-208 of 765; on 144 microfilm reels, viewed online at www.familysearch.org, www.familysearch.org, Salt Lake City, Utah. Hereinafter cited as Equity judgments with general index ca. 1813-1931 (Barren County, Kentucky Circuit Court).
  2. [S2237] Britt Family Documents and Transcriptions, online at www.ancestry.com. Grouped within this source title are a variety of documents, transcriptions of documents, information from Bible records, written reports by past genealogists and researchers, and other miscellaneous information we have found attached to a variety of Ancestry public trees and used to increase our understanding of the extensive Britt family of Virginia, Tennessee and Kentucky. We thank all of the individuals who have made this information available; Martin and Emily Jane (Carver) Wood vs. the Heirs of Elisha Carver, deceased, Equity Case# 1472, filed 10 February 1846, abstracted, five pages copied by Gladys B. Wilson in 1975 at the Barren County Court House, Glasgow, Kentucky; originally shared by cczink on 11 August 2009, viewed on 29 August 2021, online beginning at https://www.ancestry.com/mediaui-viewer/tree/18383251/…. Hereinafter cited as Britt Family Documents and Transcriptions.
  3. [S17] 1850 United States Federal Census, online at www.ancestry.com, household of Joel and Mary A. Carver, Year: 1850; Census Place: Division 1, Barren, Kentucky; Roll: 191; Page: 386b. Hereinafter cited as 1850 United States Federal Census.
  4. [S1739] Kentucky, U.S., County Marriage Records, 1783-1965, online at www.ancestry.com, marriage on 24 March 1848 in Allen County, Kentucky, USA, of Joel Carver and Mary Ann Levi, citing FHL Film# 000851644. Hereinafter cited as Kentucky, U.S., County Marriage Records, 1783-1965.
  5. [S18] 1860 United States Federal Census, online at www.ancestry.com, household of Joel and Mary A. Carver, Year: 1860; Census Place: District 2, Barren, Kentucky; Page: 951. Hereinafter cited as 1860 United States Federal Census.

Joel Yancy Carver1

b. 22 November 1848, d. 25 May 1920
Father*James Carver3 b. 1822
Mother*Louisa Harrison1,2 b. 14 Oct 1819, d. 8 Jul 1906
Birth*22 November 1848Joel Yancy Carver was born on 22 November 1848 in Barren County, Kentucky.1
(Son) Court Action27 August 1850His mother, Louisa Carver, filed a paternity petition with James R. Beam, Justice of the Peace, on 27 August 1850 in Barren County, Kentucky, naming James Carver the father of her male child, Joel Yancy Carver, born on 22 November 1848. Beam, on behalf of the Commonwealth of Kentucky wrote: To the Sheriff or any Constable of Barren County: Whereas Louisa Carver of Barren County, widow woman, hath, upon oath, declared before me, James R. Beam, one of the Commonwealth's Justices of the Peace, for the county aforesaid that on the 22nd day of November 1848 now past, at the house of the said Louisa Carver in the county of Barren, she the said Louisa Carver was delivered of a male bastard child and hath charged James Carver of this county, laborer, of having gotten her with child of the said Bastard child.

You are therefore commanded immediately to apprehend the said James Carver and bring him before me, or some other Justice of the Peace for said county, there and then to be dealt with according to the act of assault, in that case made and provided.

Given under my hand and seal on this 27th day of August 1850, and signed James R. Bean, J.P.3
Marriage*16 August 1878He married, for the first time, Louisa Frances Britt, daughter of Benjamin Britt and Ursula A. Britt, on 16 August 1878 in Barren County. They would divorce and marry each other a second time.4,1
Marriage1911He married Louisa Frances (Britt) Carver for the second time in 1911 in Barren County.4,1
Death*25 May 1920He died on 25 May 1920 in Glasgow, Barren County, Kentucky, at age 711
Burial* and was buried, possibly in the Kilgore Plot, WCIR B, of Glasgow Municipal Cemetery, Glasgow.1

Family

Louisa Frances Britt b. 10 Jan 1859, d. 4 Apr 1932

Citations

  1. [S748] Find a Grave website, which often provides cemetery and tombstone photos, and sometimes personal biographies, that may be obtained from the site, online at www.findagrave.com, Joel Yancy “Uncle Joe-Scan” Carver, Memorial# 112064083. Hereinafter cited as Find a Grave website.
  2. [S748] Find a Grave website, online at www.findagrave.com, Louisa (Harrison) Carver, Memorial# 114351052.
  3. [S2237] Britt Family Documents and Transcriptions, online at www.ancestry.com. Grouped within this source title are a variety of documents, transcriptions of documents, information from Bible records, written reports by past genealogists and researchers, and other miscellaneous information we have found attached to a variety of Ancestry public trees and used to increase our understanding of the extensive Britt family of Virginia, Tennessee and Kentucky. We thank all of the individuals who have made this information available; paternity petition to the Commonwealth of Kentucky on behalf of Louisa Carver, Barren County, Kentucky, regarding the paternity of a male child born 22 November 1848 and naming James Carver as the father of the child; originally shared by dorothywigg1 on 3 March 2013, viewed on 8 September 2021, online at https://www.ancestry.com/mediaui-viewer/tree/151600380/…. Hereinafter cited as Britt Family Documents and Transcriptions.
  4. [S748] Find a Grave website, online at www.findagrave.com, Louisa Frances “Granny” (Britt) Carver, Memorial# 112099766.

John Carver1

b. 1783
Father*Robert Carver1 b. 2 Jun 1742
Mother*Lydia Grafton1 b. c 1757
Birth*1783John Carver was born in 1783 in Providence, Providence County, Rhode Island.1

Citations

  1. [S416] The Alden Kindred Database, online at www.alden.org. The Alden Organization states that "the Alden Kindred Database is incomplete. It is not yet a complete listing of all Alden descendants; nor of all members of the Kindred. It contains information taken from various sources including Alden Kindred lineage papers, Mayflower Five Generations Project research, published genealogies, and other databases, not all of which has been fully documented." Nevertheless, some information obtained from the Alden Kindred Database has been included in this collection with the knowledge that, even if not accurate, may provide valuable clues. Information provided, unless additional proof has been offered, has not yet been verified and cannot be guaranteed. Hereinafter cited as Alden Kindred Database.

John Carver1

b. circa 1636/37, d. 23 June 1679
Father*Robert Carver1 b. c 1594
Mother*Christian __?__1
Birth*circa 1636/37John Carver was born circa 1636/37 in England.1
Marriage*4 November 1658He married Millicent Ford, daughter of William Ford and Hannah __?__, on 4 November 1658.1
Death*23 June 1679He died on 23 June 1679 in Marshfield, Plymouth Colony, at age 42.1

Family

Millicent Ford d. b 4 May 1696
Child1.Anna Carver+1 b. 20 Feb 1675

Citations

  1. [S1135] Mrs. John E. Barclay, "The Ancestry of Experience, Wife of Cornelius Washburn of Bridgewater, Mass.", New England Historical & Genealogical Register, Volume 119, pages 22-25 (January 1965). Hereinafter cited as "Experience, Wife of Cornelius Washburn."

John Carver1

d. before 29 January 1849
Father*Elisha Carver1 b. 1801, d. 5 Sep 1842
Mother*Tempy Bullington1 d. b 3 Jan 1840
(Child) Land Records21 June 1845An indenture was made and entered into on 21 June 1845 between William Garnett, a Commissioner who had been appointed by the Barren Circuit Court of Barren County, Kentucky, of the one part, and Isaac D. Powell and Thomas G. Powell of the second part, regarding a suit that had been brought by the Powells against Louisa Carver and the infant children of Elisha Carver, deceased. We note that only six of the children, Emily Carver, Lucy Carver, Elizabeth Carver, Martha Carver, John Carver and Mary T. Carver, were named, and that James L. Carver and Sarah F. Carver, also infant children of Elisha Carver, were not. Our transcription of the deed follows:

This indenture made and entered into the 21st day of June 1845 between William Garnett, a Commissioner appointed by the Barren Circuit Court, on the one part, and Isaac D. Powell and Thomas G. Powell of the second part, Witnesseth that whereas by a decree of the Barren Circuit Court, ordered at the June Term 1845 in a suit between the said Powells, Complainants, and Louisa Carver and others, Defendants, William Garnett was appointed a Commissioner and directed to convey to the Complainants by deed with general warranties all the right, title and interest which said infant defendants, to wit: Emily Carver, Lucy Carver, Martha Carver, Elizabeth Carver, John Carver and Mary T. Carver have in and to the tract of land in the suit and exhibit mentioned. Said land is described in the exhibit filed in said cause to be bounded as follows, to wit: Beginning at a sycamore and beech on Peters and Snells Creek, thence S 31 W 110 poles to a white oak and hickory, thence S 60 W 32 poles to a white oak and hickory on Graham’s Original line, thence with the same N 23 W 66 poles to a sugar tree and beech, thence N 60 E 27 poles to two beeches on the ridge, thence N 20 E 57 poles to a gum on Clark’s line, thence with the same S 82 E 76 poles to the beginning, containing 43 acres more or less.

Now, in consideration of the premises, and for the further consideration of $86 acknowledged in said exhibit, to have been paid to the ancestor of said infant defendants, I William Garnett as Commissioner on the part of said infant defendants, do hereby convey to the Complainants, all the right, title and interest which said infant defendants, Emily Carver, etc., have in and to the above-described land, to the Powells, their heirs and assigns forever. To have and to hold the same free from the claim or claims of the said infant Carvers and all other persons. In witness whereof, I as Commissioner, do hereunto set my hand and seal the day and year aforesaid.

The signature of William Garnett, Commissioner, was sealed, and the deed was recorded in Barren County, Kentucky in July 1845.2
(2nd Son) Court Action10 February 1846John was named as a defendant, along with his siblings and other heirs of his father, in a lawsuit filed by his sister and brother-in-law, Emily Jane and Martin Wood.

Case# 1472 was filed on 10 February 1846 in the Circuit Court at Glasgow, Barren County, Kentucky, whereby Martin Wood and Emily Jane his wife, who had been married on 13 September 1845 by Henry Lee in Barren County, stated that Emily Jane was the daughter and one of the heirs of Elisha Carver, deceased, and that said Carver was possessed of a tract of land lying in Barren County on the waters of Peters Creek containing 280 acres, and that Carver at the time of his death had legal title to the land, and that he died intestate.

Elisha Carver left a widow, Louisa Carver, and the following children: Lucy Carver, since intermarried with James Carver, Elizabeth Carver, Marthy Ann Carver, James L. Carver, John Carver, Mary T. Carver, and Sarah F. Carver, who with Emily Jane (Carver) Wood, were his only children and legal representatives. The six last named, except Emily, being infants under 21 years of age.

Martin and Emily stated that the land was rapidly deteriorating in value, and would in a few years be seriously and irreparably damaged by exhausting the arable land, and cutting and destroying the timber.

They stated that the land could not be advantageously divided as the share of each of the heirs would be less than $100, and that it would be to the advantage of all to sell the land and divide the proceeds.

An amendment to the above bill stated that James Jameson, Sheriff of Barren County, was appointed by the Barron County court to administer the estate of Elisha Carver, deceased, and that H. P. Curd, Deputy Sheriff for Jameson, acted as Administrator. The Plaintiffs asked that Curd be made a Defendant to the suit, and made to state the amount of the estate that had come into his hands.

In another amendment dated 21 March 1846, the Complainants stated that they understood that Charlotte Carver or her children, Joel Y. and Catherine Carver, had some claim, or pretended claim, on the estate of Elisha Carver, deceased. For the purpose of contesting all things in this suit, they asked the court to make them and John G. Rogers, who had been appointed Guardian of Joel Y. and Catherine Carver, defendants to their suit and any other bills therein, and that they answer.

Charlotte Carver’s response was filed on 26 June 1846, stating that Elisha Carver’s estate was indebted to her children, Joel Y. and Catherine Carver, in the amount of $38 each, for a total of $76. Mr. Curd, representing Charlotte, explained the indebtedness. He stated that Charlotte was the Administratrix of her deceased husband, William Carver's, estate, and that Elisha Carver was her security. Elisha became uneasy, and by way of making him safe, she sold to him her dower interest in the tract of land on which her husband lived and died, for and in consideration of his assuming to pay to Susan (Carver) Woodcock, Joel Y. and Catherine Carver the sum of $38 each being the amount of their respective interests in the estate of William Carver, their father. Elisha Carver thereafter paid Susan Woodcock her $38, but never paid Joel Y. or Catherine their parts. Curd stated that Charlotte claimed nothing for herself out of the estate of Elisha Carver, just what he owed her children.

H. P. Curd's testimony was filed on 21 March 1845, in which he admitted that Elisha Carver departed his life intestate and that by an order of the court he, Curd, as deputy for James Jameson, Sheriff, was qualified to administer the estate, which he did. He sold the personal property, settled the debts, and had in his possession $59.55 belonging to the estate. He testified that Charlotte Carver or her children, Joel Y. and Catherine, were claiming a debt of said estate amounting to $76., which she was alleging was the amount of the balance of the price agreed to be paid by Elisha for the tract of land. Curd claimed to know nothing of his own knowledge of the justness of the claim, and stated that if the claim was justly due and owing that so much of said tract of land be ordered and decreed sold as would pay the balance of $76, first deducting the amount he had in his possession, and allowing him his reasonable costs in defending the suit, including an attorney’s fee.

Testimony by attorney John G. Rogers, representing James Carver and Lucy Carver his wife, was filed on 15 June 1846. They admitted that Emily Wood was a daughter of Elisha Carver, deceased, and that he died intestate, that the heirs and legal representatives listed in the suit were correct, and that Lucy was one of the heirs and a child of Elisha Carver, deceased.

They denied that it would be to their interest to have the said land sold and the proceeds divided. They thought it would be better, and desired, that the land should be divided between the heirs, and that their portions be allotted to them even if the rest were to be sold.

The testimony of John G. Rogers, then testifying on his own behalf, was filed on 24 June 1846. He stated he was the Guardian of Joel Y. and Catherine Carver, the children of Charlotte Carver, and essentially made the same statements to the court that Charlotte had made. That Charlotte Carver was the wife of William Carver, and that her children were Susan Woodcock, Joel Y., and Catherine Carver. In addition, he told of the arrangement between Charlotte and Elisha Carver regarding her selling Elisha her dower interest in the land, that Elisha had paid Susan, and doubtless would have paid Joel Y. and Catherine if he had lived. He said Elisha died a short time thereafter.

Four deeds were submitted to the court as evidence in the court case:

John and Elizabeth Carver his wife, deed dated August 1828, sold to Elisha Carver for $118, one tract of land containing 75 acres on Peters Creek, Barren County, Kentucky, it being part of the tract conveyed by Benjamin W. Clark and his wife unto John and William Carver.

Jesse Bewley and Mary his wife, deed dated 2 August 1831, sold to Elisha Carver for $100, one tract of land on Peters Creek in Barren County, Kentucky, being the tract of land whereon Carver then lived, and the appurtenances thereon.

Ann D. Shirley of the Borough of Norfolk, State of Virginia, by George M. Pryer, her attorney-in-fact, deed dated 17 August 1833, sold to Elisha Carver for $100, 200 acres of land situated on Peters Creek, Barren County, Kentucky, it being part of a 1,333 1/3-acre survey patented to the heirs of Robert Tompkins, deceased, by patent dated 1 March 1800.


Charlotte Carver, deed dated 20 November 1841, sold to Elisha Carver for $150, and relinquished all her right of dower, her interest in a certain tract of land on Peters Creek owned by her husband William Carver, to have and to hold during her life.

Alexander L. Devasher was deposed on 17 September 1846 and asked about the current condition of Elisha Carver’s land which was believed to be occupied at the time by James Carver, one of the defendants in the case. In response to questions, Devasher stated he lived about two miles from James Carver, who he thought lived on the land upon which Elisha Carver lived and died. He said there were two or three different surveys, but it was all the same tract, and he thought James Carver had lived on the land for about three years.

Devasher was asked if he knew of James Carver, the defendant, having cut a great deal of salable timber off the land and sold it, and if Devasher had or had not bought timber from James Carver which came off the land. His response was that Carver had cut a right smart amount, such as board timber, rail timber, etc., but didn’t know much about the property lines and didn’t know whether they came off Elisha Carver’s land or not. He didn’t know of any that had been sold, except what he had heard. He said he had bought some rails from him, but didn’t know whether they came off that land or not.

Asked whether James Carver owned any other land in that neighborhood off of which he could have gotten the board and rail timber etc. he had mentioned, Devasher said James Carver didn’t own any other land except his interest in Elisha Carver’s tract of land.

Asked whether he knew if that land had been much injured and was not worth near as much since James Carver first went upon it to live, Devasher responded that he knew the place had gone to rack, and was not in as good repair as when Elisha Carver died.

Asked whether he knew or did not know that the land was not so valuable now for timber as when James Carver went on it, Devasher stated that if all the timber that had been cut was on the land, it would not be so valuable, but he didn’t know if all the timber was from that land. He didn’t know where the property line was.

Asked if he knew or did not know that James Carver had taken down a house and hauled it to the woods and there permitted the logs to rot, Devasher said they hauled a house out, it was said for Tom Williams to live in, but he didn’t know who the head manager was or anything about it. The logs, he reconned, were lying there yet, and he didn’t know anything about them. He had not seen them since.

Asked if he had not recently contracted with James Carver for a parcel of rails which were either on the land or to be made from the land, Devasher said he and Carver had been talking about trading for some rails, which he reconned were on the land, but they had not traded yet.

Another neighbor, Benjamin Littrell, was also deposed on 17 September 1846. He was asked if he knew or did not know of James Carver, one of the defendants in the case, having cut a great deal of valuable timber off of the land on which he was then living and upon which Elisha Carver died. He responded that there had been a right smart cut there, but he didn’t know that he cut it all. He had heard it said that he cut it, but he never saw him at it. He didn’t know that there was a great deal of valuable timber. There was some board timber, and some for plank, and some for hogsheads, cut off.

Asked if he knew or did not know that the place was much less valuable now than when James Carver went upon it, Littrell responded that he would not give as much for it as it was right smartly out of repair.

Asked how much he would say, or if he knew, to what extent the place had been injured, he said he hardly knew but at a rough guess would suppose, taking everything into consideration, that it had been injured something like $100.

Asked if he would please state, if he knew, in what way James Carver had been living on the land. Had he paid rent for it or not? Littrell responded that he couldn’t tell. He understood that Carver was to pay rent the first year, but how they had managed since he didn’t know.

Asked if he had bought timber from James Carver, the defendant, which grew upon the land, or knew of him selling to any other person, Littrell said he had never bought any from him himself, but understood that he had sold some plank and hogshead timber, which was said to have come off the land.

Asked if he knew if Carver, the defendant, had ever paid any rent for the said land, he said no. I don’t know that he ever has.

Note: No legal resolution, judgment or disposition of the suit was found in the court's case documents, although several deeds have been found in the records of Barren County, Kentucky that indicate that some actions to benefit Elisha's minor children were ordered by the Circuit Court, and some other deeds were found regarding various sales of pieces of his property by his heirs.3,1
Death*before 29 January 1849He died, while still a child, in Barren County, Kentucky, before 29 January 1849, when he was identified in a deed as being deceased.4
(Deceased Brother) Land Records29 January 1849 On 29 January 1849, Martin and Emily Jane (Carver) Wood of Barren County, Kentucky, acting on behalf of Emily's deceased siblings, John Carver and Sarah Frances Carver, sold to John T. Rogers, for $14, the interest they had in land that had been owned by their father, Elisha Carver, at the time of his death and on which Martin and Emily were then living. We note that the Wood surname was written as “Woods” throughout the document. Our transcription of the deed follows:

This indenture made and entered into this 29th day of January 1849 made and entered into by and between Martin Woods and his wife Emily J. Woods, late Emily J. Carver, of the one part, and John T. Rogers of the other part, all of Barren County and state of Kentucky. Witnesseth that for and in consideration of $14 to them in hand paid, the receipt whereof is hereby acknowledged, have this day bargained and sold and by these presents doth bargain, sell and convey to the said Rogers all the rights, title and interest that the said Woods and his wife have in and to a certain tract or tracts of land of which Elisha Carver died seized and on which the said Wood and wife now live, acquired or descended to the said Wood’s wife Emily J. by the death of Sarah Frances Carver and John Carver, children and heirs of E. Carver, deceased, and who have died since the death of said Carver, to have and to hold to the said Rogers and his heirs in fee simple forever. In testimony whereof we have hereunto set our hands and seals the day and year above written.

The signatures of both Martin Woods and Emily J. Woods were sealed with their marks, and the deed was recorded in Barren County, Kentucky on 13 December 1849.4

Citations

  1. [S2249] Kentucky. Circuit Court (Barren County), Equity judgments with general index ca. 1813-1931. Microfilm of originals in Glasgow, Kentucky; includes general index. FHL catalog warns that years are mixed and instructs to look up name in index, find bundle number, and look through bundle number until name is found: Film# 218713, Digital# 8685854, Case# 1472 filed 10 February 1846, Martin and Emily J. Wood vs. other heirs of Elisha Carver (1801-1842), image# 172-208 of 765; on 144 microfilm reels, viewed online at www.familysearch.org, www.familysearch.org, Salt Lake City, Utah. Hereinafter cited as Equity judgments with general index ca. 1813-1931 (Barren County, Kentucky Circuit Court).
  2. [S2247] Clerk of the County Court, Barren County (Kentucky). Deeds, 1798-1902, 1961; indexes, 1798-1935. Microfilm of original and typescript at the Barren County courthouse in Glasgow, Kentucky; includes general index: Film# 209730, Digital# 8568123, Volume V, pages 409-410, image# 209-210 of 336, William Garnett, a Commissioner appointed by the Barren Circuit Court, regarding Isaac D. Powell and Thomas G. Powell, Complainants, against Louisa Carver and the children of Elisha Carver, deceased; on 35 microfilm rolls, viewed online at www.familysearch.org, www.familysearch.org, Salt Lake City, Utah. Hereinafter cited as Deeds, 1798-1902, 1961; indexes, 1798-1935 (Barren County, Kentucky).
  3. [S2237] Britt Family Documents and Transcriptions, online at www.ancestry.com. Grouped within this source title are a variety of documents, transcriptions of documents, information from Bible records, written reports by past genealogists and researchers, and other miscellaneous information we have found attached to a variety of Ancestry public trees and used to increase our understanding of the extensive Britt family of Virginia, Tennessee and Kentucky. We thank all of the individuals who have made this information available; Martin and Emily Jane (Carver) Wood vs. the Heirs of Elisha Carver, deceased, Equity Case# 1472, filed 10 February 1846, abstracted, five pages copied by Gladys B. Wilson in 1975 at the Barren County Court House, Glasgow, Kentucky; originally shared by cczink on 11 August 2009, viewed on 29 August 2021, online beginning at https://www.ancestry.com/mediaui-viewer/tree/18383251/…. Hereinafter cited as Britt Family Documents and Transcriptions.
  4. [S2247] Clerk of the County Court, Barren County (Kentucky). Deeds, 1798-1902, 1961; indexes, 1798-1935 (Barren County, Kentucky): Film# 209729, Digital# 8402413, Volume T, pages 466-467, image# 249-250 of 579, Martin and Emily Jane (Carver) Wood (for Sarah Frances Carver, deceased, and John Carver, deceased) to John T. Rogers; on 35 microfilm rolls.