Elizabeth Whitehouse1

b. 1842, d. 1908
Birth*1842Elizabeth Whitehouse was born in 1842.2
Marriage*She married William Morrow.1
(Wife) Death1899Elizabeth became a widow when William Morrow died in 1899 at about age 57.3
Death*1908She died in 1908 at about age 662
Burial* and was buried with her husband in Seven Mile Baptist Church Cemetery, Metropolis, Massac County.2

Family

William Morrow b. 1842, d. 1899
Child1.Minnie M. Morrow+1 b. 1867, d. 1896

Citations

  1. [S1701] Illinois, U.S., County Marriage Records, 1800-1940, online at www.ancestry.com, marriage of Thos W E Murphy, age 22, born about 1864, son of Emmett Murphy and Mary A. Robinson, and Minnie M Morrow. age 19, born about 1867, daughter of Willliam Morrow and Elizabeth Whitehouse, on 21 April 1886 in Massac County, Illinois, USA, referencing FHL Film# 000963669. Hereinafter cited as Illinois, U.S., County Marriage Records, 1800-1940.
  2. [S748] Find a Grave website, which often provides cemetery and tombstone photos, and sometimes personal biographies, that may be obtained from the site, online at www.findagrave.com, Elizabeth (Whitehouse) Morrow, Memorial# 62731202. Hereinafter cited as Find a Grave website.
  3. [S748] Find a Grave website, online at www.findagrave.com, William Morrow, Memorial# 62731329.

John Whitehouse1

b. 1829
Birth*1829John Whitehouse was born about 1829 in Kentucky.1
Marriage*15 October 1849He married Laura A. Wyatt on 15 October 1849 in Anderson County, Kentucky.2

Family

Laura A. Wyatt b. 1830
Child1.Paralee Whitehouse+1 b. 1866

Citations

  1. [S23] 1880 United States Federal Census, online at www.ancestry.com, household of John and Laura A. Whitehouse, Year: 1880; Census Place: Goodnight, Anderson, Kentucky; Roll: 401; Page: 357C; Enumeration District: 006. Hereinafter cited as 1880 United States Federal Census.
  2. [S1739] Kentucky, U.S., County Marriage Records, 1783-1965, online at www.ancestry.com, marriage on 15 October 1849 in Anderson County, Kentucky, USA, of John Whitehouse and Laura A "Wiett", citing FHL Film# 000259310. Hereinafter cited as Kentucky, U.S., County Marriage Records, 1783-1965.

Paralee Whitehouse1

b. 1866
Father*John Whitehouse2 b. 1829
Mother*Laura A. Wyatt2 b. 1830
Birth*1866Paralee Whitehouse was born about 1866.1,2
Marriage*5 November 1884She married, as his first wife, John W. Langford, son of John Lankford and Susan Ann Coghill, on 5 November 1884 in Anderson County, Kentucky.1
Death*She probably died in her early 20s, and not long after the birth of her first child.3,4,5

Family

John W. Langford b. 8 May 1861, d. 30 Jan 1947
Child1.Porter Langford3 b. 25 Dec 1886, d. 20 Nov 1944

Citations

  1. [S1739] Kentucky, U.S., County Marriage Records, 1783-1965, online at www.ancestry.com, marriage on 5 November 1884 in Anderson County, Kentucky, USA, of John Langford, age 23, born about 1861, and Paralee Whitehouse, age 18, born about 1866, citing FHL Film# 001550675ou. Hereinafter cited as Kentucky, U.S., County Marriage Records, 1783-1965.
  2. [S23] 1880 United States Federal Census, online at www.ancestry.com, household of John and Laura A. Whitehouse, Year: 1880; Census Place: Goodnight, Anderson, Kentucky; Roll: 401; Page: 357C; Enumeration District: 006. Hereinafter cited as 1880 United States Federal Census.
  3. [S2059] Kentucky, U.S., Death Records, 1852-1965, online at www.ancestry.com, death of Porter Langford on 20 November 1944 in the General Hospital at Louisville, Jefferson, County, Kentucky, USA, age 60 years, 10 months, 25 days, married to Nora B. Langford, guard at the Frankfort Distillery, born on 25 December 1884 in Anderson County, Kentucky, USA, to John Will Langford and Paralee Whitehouse, citing Kentucky Department for Libraries and Archives, Frankfort, Kentucky. Hereinafter cited as Kentucky, U.S., Death Records, 1852-1965.
  4. [S1739] Kentucky, U.S., County Marriage Records, 1783-1965, online at www.ancestry.com, marriage on 30 October 1891 in Spencer County, Kentucky, USA, of John Will Langford and Lena "Vanarsdale", citing FHL Film# 000482494.
  5. [S34] 1900 United States Federal Census, online at www.ancestry.com, household of John W. and Lena Langford, Year: 1900; Census Place: Palmer, Anderson, Kentucky; Roll: 506; Page: 1; Enumeration District: 0005; FHL microfilm: 1240506, reporting Porter's date of birth as December 1886. Hereinafter cited as 1900 United States Federal Census.

Zachariah Whiten1

(Witness to Deed) Land Records17 April 1744Zachariah Whiten, along with Silas Willis, William Lunt, Daniel Snell and Zachariah Whiten were witnesses when Enoch Leonard, cordwainer of Bridgewater and his wife Abigail signed a deed agreement on 17 April 1744 to sell land in Bridgewater to Silvanus Blossom, also of Bridgewater and a cordwainer, for the sum of £97. The deed was recorded in Plymouth County on 30 June 1744.1,2

Citations

  1. [S625] Deed records, 1664-1900, Plymouth County, Massachusetts, microfilm of original manuscript on 462 microfilm reels. Includes Grantor and Grantee indexes: FHL film# 558826, Book 36, pages 192A-192B, Image# 449 viewed and downloaded from familysearch.org, filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah. Hereinafter cited as Deed records, 1664-1900, Plymouth County.
  2. [S896] Revised by Robert S. Wakefield, Mayflower Families through Five Generations: Volume 15, James Chilton and Richard More. Note: Volume 2, Parts I and II (1975), Chilton and More, were revised and replaced in 1997 by this Volume 15, Chilton and More. (Plymouth, Massachusetts: General Society of Mayflower Descendants, 1997), Person# 56, Enoch Leonard, pages 56-57. Hereinafter cited as James Chilton and Richard More of the Mayflower (Five).

Elra Whitener1

b. 1894, d. 1917
Birth*1894Elra Whitener was born in 1894.1
Marriage*22 September 1912She married, as his first wife, Charley Rauls, son of Powhatton Venitia Rauls and Hannah Almarinda Yount, on 22 September 1912 in Madison County, Missouri.2,1,3
Death*1917She died in 1917, shortly after the birth of her third child, at about age 23.1

Family

Charley Rauls b. 16 Apr 1886, d. 30 Nov 1937
Children1.Alean A. Rauls4 b. 3 May 1913, d. 14 Oct 1934
2.Elmer Rauls5 b. 30 Jul 1914
3.Russell V. Rauls6 b. 11 Feb 1917, d. 7 Jul 1917

Citations

  1. [S748] Find a Grave website, which often provides cemetery and tombstone photos, and sometimes personal biographies, that may be obtained from the site, online at www.findagrave.com, Elra (Whitener) Rauls, Memorial# 60480667. Hereinafter cited as Find a Grave website.
  2. [S1732] Missouri, U.S., Marriage Records, 1805-2002, online at www.ancestry.com, marriage on 22 September 1912 in Madison County, Missouri, USA, of Charley Rauls, of the age of 21 years, and Elva Whitener, not of the age of 18 years, both of Madison County, Birdie Whitener, guardian of Elra Whitener, gave her assent to said marriage, referencing Missouri State Archives, Jefferson City, MO, USA, Missouri Marriage Records [Microfilm]. Hereinafter cited as Missouri, U.S., Marriage Records, 1805-2002.
  3. [S748] Find a Grave website, online at www.findagrave.com, Thomas Charles Rauls, Memorial# 42454037.
  4. [S748] Find a Grave website, online at www.findagrave.com, Alean A. Rauls, Memorial# 42453721.
  5. [S73] 1920 United States Federal Census, online at www.ancestry.com, household of Chas and Myrtle Rauls, Year: 1920; Census Place: Cedar Creek, Wayne, Missouri; Roll: T625_963; Page: 5A; Enumeration District: 174. Hereinafter cited as 1920 United States Federal Census.
  6. [S748] Find a Grave website, online at www.findagrave.com, Russell V. Rauls, Memorial# 42453951.

Mary Whitesel1,2

b. 1797, d. 1876
ChartsDescendants of John Heaton of Lincolnshire, including the Immigrant Nathaniel
Birth*1797Mary Whitesel was born in 1797 in Ireland.2
Name VariationShe was called Martha.2
Marriage*24 September 1850She married, as his second wife, Isaac Heaton, son of Isaac Heaton and Susannah Bell, on 24 September 1850.1,3
Census US 1860*11 July 1860Martha and Isaac Heaton were enumerated on the 1860 census taken on 11 July 1860 in Jefferson, Coshocton County, Ohio. Isaac was 65 years of age and a farmer. His real estate was valued at $2,400 and his personal estate at $400. Martha's age is not legible. Living with the couple in 1880 were Isaac's sons Joseph and Alexander, Alexander's wife Hulda and their two children.4
Census US 1870*5 June 1870Martha and Isaac Heaton were enumerated on the 1870 census taken on 5 June 1870 in Newcastle, Coshocton County, Ohio. Isaac was 78 years of age and a retired farmer with a personal estate valued at $700, and Martha was 73 years of age and a retired housekeeper with a personal estate valued at $600. They were living in the household of Isaac's daughter and son-in-law, Elizabeth and John Padgett.5
Death*1876She died in 1876 in Vermilion County, Illinois,2
Burial* and was buried in Rossville Cemetery, Rossville, Vermilion County.2

Family

Isaac Heaton b. 4 Apr 1793, d. 19 Aug 1884

Citations

  1. [S45] Dean Heaton, Heaton Families II, in two volumes, with indexes in Volume II. Warning: In this researcher's opinion, the information in these volumes often proves to be inaccurate. At the same time, the information presented has provided us with valuable clues for pursuing future research strategies in our attempt to establish a factual history of our Heaton family. (Tempe, Arizona: published for the author by Graphics of Tempe, 1999), Volume I, Chapter 6, pages 190-191, noting her surname as "Whitesel or Whitesley". Hereinafter cited as Heaton Families II.
  2. [S748] Find a Grave website, which often provides cemetery and tombstone photos, and sometimes personal biographies, that may be obtained from the site, online at www.findagrave.com, Mary "Martha" (Whitesel) Heaton, Memorial# 57264598. Hereinafter cited as Find a Grave website.
  3. [S748] Find a Grave website, online at www.findagrave.com, Isaac Heaton, Memorial# 53444455.
  4. [S18] 1860 United States Federal Census, online at www.ancestry.com, household of Isaac and Martha Heaton, Jefferson, Coshocton, Ohio; Roll: M653_950; Page: 293; Family History Library Film: 803950. Hereinafter cited as 1860 United States Federal Census.
  5. [S37] 1870 United States Federal Census, online at www.ancestry.com, household of John and Elizabeth Padgett (recorded as "Padgitt"), Newcastle, Coshocton, Ohio; Roll: M593_1185; Page: 177A; Family History Library Film: 552684. Hereinafter cited as 1870 United States Federal Census.

Rebecca Whiteside1

Marriage*She married Stephen Yerkes, son of Herman Yerkes and Elizabeth Watts.1

Family

Stephen Yerkes b. 3 Aug 1727, d. Dec 1811

Citations

  1. [S2079] Josiah Granville Leach, Chronicle of the Yerkes Family with Notes on the Leach and Rutter Families, on one microfilm reel, 368 pages, downloaded from the Family History Library at www.familysearch.org. (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: printed for the author by the J. B. Lippincott Company, 1904), #2. Herman Yerkes, pages 9-11. Hereinafter cited as Chronicle of the Yerkes Family.

Robert Whiteside1

Marriage*21 October 1803He married Polly Gillham, daughter of Isaac Gillham and Jane Kirkpatrick, on 21 October 1803 in St. Clair County, Illinois.1,2

Family

Polly Gillham

Citations

  1. [S1762] Katherine Moorhead, History of Madison County, Illinois : with biographical sketches of many prominent men and pioneers, downloaded from the Family History Library at www.familysearch.org. (Evansville, Indiana, 1973 reprint: originally published in 1882 by W.R. Brink, Edwardsville, Illinois, Gilliam Family, pages 71-76. Hereinafter cited as History of Madison County, Illinois : with biographical sketches of many prominent men and pioneers.
  2. [S1681] Illinois, U.S., Marriage Index, 1860-1920, online at www.ancestry.com, Robert Whiteside and Polly Gillham, St. Clair County, 21 October 1803. Hereinafter cited as Illinois, U.S., Marriage Index, 1860-1920.

Sarah Whitfield1,2

Marriage*She married John Varty.1

Family

John Varty
Child1.Sarah Varty+1 b. 17 Jun 1825

Citations

  1. [S1995] England & Wales, Christening Index, 1530-1980, online at www.ancestry.com, birth of Sarah Varty on 17 June 1825 in Mitcham, Surry, England, child of John Varty and Sarah Varty, christened in Mitcham, Surry, England. Hereinafter cited as England & Wales, Christening Index, 1530-1980.
  2. [S1998] England & Wales, Non-Conformist and Non-Parochial Registers, 1567-1970, online at www.ancestry.com, registration of the Birth of Sarah Varty born on 17 June 1825 at Mitcham, Surrey, England, child of John Varty and Sarah Whitfield, citing Piece 0150: Certificate numbers: 13001-13500, Vol 26 (1837 July 15-25); The National Archives of the UK; Kew, Surrey, England; General Register Office: Birth Certificates from the Presbyterian, Independent and Baptist Registry and from the Wesleyan Methodist Metropolitan Registry; Class Number: RG 5; Piece Number: 150. Hereinafter cited as England & Wales, Non-Conformist and Non-Parochial Registers, 1567-1970.

Abigail Whiting1,2

b. 7 June 1663, d. 25 October 1721
Father*Nathaniel Whiting2 b. c 1617, d. 15 Jan 1682
Mother*Hannah Dwight2 b. c 1625, d. 4 Nov 1714
Birth*7 June 1663Abigail Whiting was born on 7 June 1663 in Dedham, Suffolk County, Massachusetts Bay Colony (New England).2
Marriage*18 February 1680/81She married James Draper, son of James Draper and Miriam Stansfield, on 18 February 1680/81 in Roxbury, Suffolk County.1,3
(Wife) Death30 April 1698Abigail became a widow when James Draper died on 30 April 1698.3
Death*25 October 1721She died on 25 October 1721 in Roxbury at age 58.2

Family

James Draper b. 1654, d. 30 Apr 1698
Child1.Eunice Draper+1 b. 5 Jun 1689, d. 13 Jun 1714

Citations

  1. [S1355] Frederick H. Whitin, The Aldis Family of Dedham, Wrentham, Roxbury and Franklin, Massachusetts, 1640-1800, downloaded from the Boston Public Library eBooks and Texts Archive at www.archive.org. Reprint from Dedham Historical Register, Volume XIV. (Dedham, Massachusetts: Dedham Transcript Press, 1905), Nathan Aldis, pages 13-14. Hereinafter cited as The Aldis Family, Massachusetts,1640-1800.
  2. [S1356] Theodore S. Lazell, Whiting Genealogy : Nathaniel Whiting of Dedham, Mass., 1641, and Five Generations of his Descendants, downloaded from the Boston Public Library eBooks and Texts Archive at www.archive.org. (Boston, Massachusetts: T.R. Marvin & Son Printers, 1902), page 12. Hereinafter cited as Nathaniel Whiting of Dedham, Massachusetts.
  3. [S1357] Thomas Waln-Morgan Draper, The Drapers in America, being a History and Genealogy of those of that name and connection, downloaded from the Boston Public Library eBooks and Texts Archive at www.archive.org. (New York, New York: John Polhemus Printing Company, 1892), pages 20-23. Hereinafter cited as The Drapers in America.

Anne Whiting1

b. circa 1608, d. before 20 January 1689/90
Father*Anthony Whiting1 b. c 1569, d. b 14 Jul 1629
Mother*Anne Sherman1 b. 7 Aug 1575, d. b 13 Dec 1638
Birth*circa 1608Anne Whiting was born circa 1608 in Dedham, Essex County, England.1
Marriage*before 1 September 1628She married first John Lovering, son of John Lovering and Mary Stone, before 1 September 1628 in England.1
Immigration*1635Anne and John Lovering immigrated to New England in 1635 and settled in Watertown, Massachusetts Bay Colony (New England).2
(Wife) Deathbetween 4 October 1638 and 9 November 1638Anne became a widow when John Lovering died between 4 October 1638 and 9 November 1638.2
Marriage*19 June 1639She married second Reverend Edmund Browne, son of Edmund Browne and Anne Woder, on 19 June 1639.1
(Wife) Death22 June 1678Anne became a widow for the second time when Reverend Edmund Browne died on 22 June 1678.2
No Issue*Anne had no children by either husband.2
Will*1 March 1686/87She wrote her will on 1 March 1686/872
Death*before 20 January 1689/90 and died before 20 January 1689/90, when her will was proved.2

Family 1

John Lovering b. s 1583, d. bt 4 Oct 1638 - 9 Nov 1638

Family 2

Reverend Edmund Browne b. 28 Oct 1606, d. 22 Jun 1678

Citations

  1. [S1327] Michael Johnson Wood, "The Earliest Shermans of Dedham, Essex, and their Wives", New England Historical & Genealogical Register. Note: This article, in 6 Parts, spans six issues of the Register. It is thoroughly researched and fully sourced, and includes a wealth of knowledge on the Shermans and their extended families. Only a very small amount of the information available in Mr. Wood's article is included in this researcher's website project. Volumes 166 - 168 (October 2012 - January 2014): Part 2: Henry Sherman the Younger and His Wife, Volume 167, pages 35-54. Hereinafter cited as "The Earliest Shermans of Dedham, Essex."
  2. [S1327] Michael Johnson Wood, "The Earliest Shermans of Dedham, Essex", Part 3: Henry Sherman the Younger and His Wife, Volume 167, pages 149-156.

Anthony Whiting1

b. circa 1569, d. before 14 July 1629
Birth*circa 1569Anthony Whiting was born circa 1569, probably in Stanway, Essex County, England.1
Marriage*28 January 1594/95He married, as her first husband, Anne Sherman, daughter of Henry Sherman the Younger and Susan Lawrence, on 28 January 1594/95 in Dedham, Essex County.1
Occupation*He was a clothier in Dedham.1
Will*1 September 1628He made his will on 1 September 1628 in Dedham1
Death*before 14 July 1629 and died in Dedham before 14 July 1629, the date of his probate.1

Family

Anne Sherman b. 7 Aug 1575, d. b 13 Dec 1638
Children1.Phebe Whiting+1 b. 3 Sep 1606, d. 1 Aug 1685
2.Anne Whiting1 b. c 1608, d. b 20 Jan 1689/90

Citations

  1. [S1327] Michael Johnson Wood, "The Earliest Shermans of Dedham, Essex, and their Wives", New England Historical & Genealogical Register. Note: This article, in 6 Parts, spans six issues of the Register. It is thoroughly researched and fully sourced, and includes a wealth of knowledge on the Shermans and their extended families. Only a very small amount of the information available in Mr. Wood's article is included in this researcher's website project. Volumes 166 - 168 (October 2012 - January 2014): Part 2: Henry Sherman the Younger and His Wife, Volume 167, pages 35-54. Hereinafter cited as "The Earliest Shermans of Dedham, Essex."

Hannah Whiting1

b. 25 December 1734
Father*Nathaniel Whiting2 b. 20 Mar 1703/4, d. 19 Jan 1790
Mother*Hannah Lyon2 b. 25 Dec 1712, d. b 6 Apr 1774
Birth*25 December 1734Hannah Whiting was born on 25 December 1734 in Roxbury, Suffolk County, Massachusetts Bay Province (New England).2
Marriage*26 April 1753She married first Thomas Dudley, son of Colonel William Dudley and Elizabeth Davenport, on 26 April 1753 in Roxbury, Suffolk County, Massachusetts Bay Province (New England).1
(Wife) Death9 November 1769Hannah became a widow when Thomas Dudley died on 9 November 1769.1
Marriage*She married second Colonel Joseph Williams.1

Family 1

Thomas Dudley b. 9 Sep 1731, d. 9 Nov 1769

Citations

  1. [S1013] Unidentified author, "Gov. Thomas Dudley and his Descendants", New England Historical & Genealogical Register, Volume 10, pages 133-142 and pages 337-340 (April and October 1856): page 339. Hereinafter cited as "Thomas Dudley and his Descendants."
  2. [S1356] Theodore S. Lazell, Whiting Genealogy : Nathaniel Whiting of Dedham, Mass., 1641, and Five Generations of his Descendants, downloaded from the Boston Public Library eBooks and Texts Archive at www.archive.org. (Boston, Massachusetts: T.R. Marvin & Son Printers, 1902), Nathaniel Whiting, page 27. Hereinafter cited as Nathaniel Whiting of Dedham, Massachusetts.

Hannah Whiting1

b. 17 February 1651/52, d. 4 June 1740
Father*Nathaniel Whiting1 b. c 1617, d. 15 Jan 1682
Mother*Hannah Dwight1 b. c 1625, d. 4 Nov 1714
Birth*17 February 1651/52Hannah Whiting was born on 17 February 1651/52 in Dedham, Suffolk County, Massachusetts Bay Colony (New England).2
Marriage*1 March 1671/72She married John Fairbanks, son of John Fairbanks and Sarah Fiske, on 1 March 1671/72 in Dedham.3,4
(Wife) Death14 September 1706Hannah became a widow when John Fairbanks died on 14 September 1706.1
Death*4 June 1740She died on 4 June 1740 in Wrentham at age 88.5,6

Family

John Fairbanks b. 7 Feb 1643/44, d. 14 Sep 1706
Child1.Joshua Fairbanks+1 b. 18 Mar 1682, d. 11 Oct 1742

Citations

  1. [S1268] Lorenzo Sayles Fairbanks, Genealogy of the Fairbanks Family in America, 1633-1897, downloaded from Google Books at www.google.com. (Boston, Massachusetts: American Printing and Engraving Company, 1897), Lieutenant John Fairbanks, pages 41-42. Hereinafter cited as Fairbanks Family in America, 1633-1897.
  2. [S1268] Lorenzo Sayles Fairbanks, Fairbanks Family in America, 1633-1897, Lieutenant John Fairbanks, pages 41-42, the date of her birth written "the 17th of the 12 mo." 1651 which, under the Gregorian calendar of that period, was February, not December.
  3. [S1268] Lorenzo Sayles Fairbanks, Fairbanks Family in America, 1633-1897, Lieutenant John Fairbanks, pages 41-42, reporting her name as "Hannah."
  4. [S451] Massachusetts Vital Records to the Year 1850 - NEHGS, online at www.newenglandancestors.org, Dedham, Volumes 1 and 2, page 12, recording her name as "Mary". Hereinafter cited as Massachusetts Vital Records to 1850 - NEHGS.
  5. [S1268] Lorenzo Sayles Fairbanks, Fairbanks Family in America, 1633-1897, Lieutenant John Fairbanks, pages 41-42, noting her date of death as 14 June 1740.
  6. [S451] Massachusetts Vital Records to 1850 - NEHGS, online at www.newenglandancestors.org, Wrentham Deaths, Volume 2, page 436, recording her name as "Hannah", widow of ____, and her date of death as 4 June 1740 "in an advanced age."

Hannah Whiting1

b. 3 July 1718, d. 4 April 1788
Father*Nathaniel Whiting1 b. 23 Sep 1688
Mother*Joanna Ellis1 b. 18 Sep 1689, d. 3 Sep 1773
Birth*3 July 1718Hannah Whiting was born on 3 July 1718 in Dedham, Suffolk County, Massachusetts Bay Province (New England).1
Marriage*22 September 1737She married first Josiah Richards on 22 September 1737 in Dedham.1
Marriage*6 April 1774She married second, as his second wife, her first cousin one time removed Nathaniel Whiting, son of Jonathan Whiting and Rachel Thorp, on 6 April 1774 in Dedham.1,2
Death*4 April 1788She died on 4 April 1788 in Roxbury, Suffolk County, at age 69.1

Family 1

Josiah Richards

Family 2

Nathaniel Whiting b. 20 Mar 1703/4, d. 19 Jan 1790

Citations

  1. [S1356] Theodore S. Lazell, Whiting Genealogy : Nathaniel Whiting of Dedham, Mass., 1641, and Five Generations of his Descendants, downloaded from the Boston Public Library eBooks and Texts Archive at www.archive.org. (Boston, Massachusetts: T.R. Marvin & Son Printers, 1902), Nathaniel Whiting, page 22. Hereinafter cited as Nathaniel Whiting of Dedham, Massachusetts.
  2. [S1356] Theodore S. Lazell, Nathaniel Whiting of Dedham, Massachusetts, Nathaniel Whiting, page 27.

Jonathan Whiting1

b. 9 October 1667, d. 4 September 1728
Father*Nathaniel Whiting1 b. c 1617, d. 15 Jan 1682
Mother*Hannah Dwight1 b. c 1625, d. 4 Nov 1714
Birth*9 October 1667Jonathan Whiting was born on 9 October 1667 in Dedham, Suffolk County, Massachusetts Bay Colony (New England). His birth was also recorded at Roxbury.1
Marriage*3 December 1689He married Rachel Thorp, daughter of James Thorp and Hannah Newcomb, on 3 December 1689 in Dedham.2
Death*4 September 1728He died on 4 September 1728 in Roxbury, Suffolk County, at age 602
Burial* and was buried in First Parish Cemetery, Dedham.2

Family

Rachel Thorp b. 17 Aug 1671
Child1.Nathaniel Whiting+2 b. 20 Mar 1703/4, d. 19 Jan 1790

Citations

  1. [S1356] Theodore S. Lazell, Whiting Genealogy : Nathaniel Whiting of Dedham, Mass., 1641, and Five Generations of his Descendants, downloaded from the Boston Public Library eBooks and Texts Archive at www.archive.org. (Boston, Massachusetts: T.R. Marvin & Son Printers, 1902), page 13. Hereinafter cited as Nathaniel Whiting of Dedham, Massachusetts.
  2. [S1356] Theodore S. Lazell, Nathaniel Whiting of Dedham, Massachusetts, Jonathan Whiting, pages 16-17.

Mercy Whiting1

Marriage*10 July 1760She married Elisha Hayward of Halifax, son of Elisha Hayward and Elizabeth Washburn, on 10 July 1760 in Plympton, Plymouth County, Massachusetts Bay Province (New England). The vital records of Plympton indicated a variety of spellings, "Howard, Haward and Hayward" for Elisha's surname and "Marcy Whiten, Mercy Whiten and Marcy Whyton" as variations for Mercy's name.1,2,3

Family

Elisha Hayward b. c 1741

Citations

  1. [S474] Nahum Mitchell, History of the Early Settlement of Bridgewater in Plymouth County, Massachusetts, including an extensive Family Register. Note: page numbers differ slightly between publications used in our research, including FHL copy, Google Books, Boston Public Library eBooks online and our personal library reprint published by Heritage Books. (Baltimore, Maryland: Gateway Press, Inc., original publication date was 1840; reprinted for the third and fourth times in 1970 and 1975; first reprinted in 1897 by Henry T. Pratt, Bridgewater, Massachusetts; originally printed in 1840 by Kidder and Wright, Boston, Massachusetts), Hayward, pages 181-190. Hereinafter cited as History of the Early Settlement of Bridgewater.
  2. [S744] Maltby Family Genealogy Website, online at http://home.earthlink.net/~jamaltby1/index.html, with the qualifier that Elisha only "possibly" married Mercy Whiten, and that children were not found. Compiled by John A. Maltby of Redwood City, California, who we believe has presented his own research; the website contains thorough source information and appears to be an excellent resource for the Massachusetts Colony Washburn Family History. The website includes additional family lines as well. Regarding the Washburns, the only family line on the website reviewed by this researcher, much of the information presented appears to be in line with information already obtained and is believed to be accurate. For that reason, additional information obtained only from the Maltby Family Genealogy website has been included in this collection. Information provided, unless additional proof has been offered, has not yet been verified and cannot be guaranteed. Hereinafter cited as the Maltby Family Genealogy Website.
  3. [S855] New England Historic Genealogical Society, compiler, Vital Records of Plympton, Massachusetts, to the year 1850, downloaded from the Boston Public Library eBooks and Texts Archive at www.archive.org. (Boston, Massachusetts: New England Historic Genealogical Society at the charge of the Eddy Town Record Fund, 1923), page 335. Hereinafter cited as Plympton Vital Records to 1850.

Nathaniel Whiting1

b. circa 1617, d. 15 January 1682
Birth*circa 1617Nathaniel Whiting was born circa 1617 in England.2
Marriage*4 November 1643He married Hannah Dwight, daughter of John Dwight and Hannah __?__, on 4 November 1643 in Dedham, Suffolk County, Massachusetts Bay Colony (New England).1,3
Death*15 January 1682He died on 15 January 1682 in Dedham.2

Family

Hannah Dwight b. c 1625, d. 4 Nov 1714
Children1.Nathaniel Whiting Jr.1 b. 26 Sep 1644, d. b 31 Oct 1676
2.Hannah Whiting+4 b. 17 Feb 1651/52, d. 4 Jun 1740
3.Timothy Whiting+5 b. 5 Jan 1653/54, d. 26 Dec 1728
4.Abigail Whiting+5 b. 7 Jun 1663, d. 25 Oct 1721
5.Jonathan Whiting+6 b. 9 Oct 1667, d. 4 Sep 1728

Citations

  1. [S1248] Eklon Wilson Gay and Christopher Challender Child, "Joanna Hooker, wife of John Borden and John Gay", New England Historical & Genealogical Register, Volume 164, pages 114-120 (April 2010). This thoroughly researched and completely sourced article is excellent as it examines and proves that Joanna Hooker was the wife of both John Borden and John Gay. Hereinafter cited as "Joanna Hooker, wife of John Borden and John Gay."
  2. [S1356] Theodore S. Lazell, Whiting Genealogy : Nathaniel Whiting of Dedham, Mass., 1641, and Five Generations of his Descendants, downloaded from the Boston Public Library eBooks and Texts Archive at www.archive.org. (Boston, Massachusetts: T.R. Marvin & Son Printers, 1902), Nathaniel Whiting, pages 5-13. Hereinafter cited as Nathaniel Whiting of Dedham, Massachusetts.
  3. [S451] Massachusetts Vital Records to the Year 1850 - NEHGS, online at www.newenglandancestors.org, Dedham, Volumes 1 and 2, page 126, the date written as "4th of the 9 mo" which, under the Gregorian calendar of that period, was November, not September. Hereinafter cited as Massachusetts Vital Records to 1850 - NEHGS.
  4. [S1268] Lorenzo Sayles Fairbanks, Genealogy of the Fairbanks Family in America, 1633-1897, downloaded from Google Books at www.google.com. (Boston, Massachusetts: American Printing and Engraving Company, 1897), Lieutenant John Fairbanks, pages 41-42. Hereinafter cited as Fairbanks Family in America, 1633-1897.
  5. [S1356] Theodore S. Lazell, Nathaniel Whiting of Dedham, Massachusetts, page 12.
  6. [S1356] Theodore S. Lazell, Nathaniel Whiting of Dedham, Massachusetts, page 13.

Nathaniel Whiting1

b. 20 March 1703/4, d. 19 January 1790
Father*Jonathan Whiting2 b. 9 Oct 1667, d. 4 Sep 1728
Mother*Rachel Thorp2 b. 17 Aug 1671
Birth*20 March 1703/4Nathaniel Whiting was born on 20 March 1703/4 in Roxbury, Suffolk County, Massachusetts Bay Province (New England).2
Marriage*1 May 1729He married first Hannah Lyon, daughter of Joseph Lyon and Mary Aldridge, on 1 May 1729 in Roxbury.1
(Husband) Deathbefore 6 April 1774Nathaniel became a widower when Hannah (Lyon) Whiting died before 6 April 1774.1
Marriage*6 April 1774He married second, as her second husband, his first cousin one time removed Hannah (Whiting) Richards, daughter of Nathaniel Whiting and Joanna Ellis, on 6 April 1774 in Dedham.3,1
(Husband) Death4 April 1788Nathaniel became a widower for the second time when Hannah (Whiting) Richards Whiting died on 4 April 1788.3
Death*19 January 1790He died on 19 January 1790 in Roxbury at age 85.1

Family 1

Hannah Lyon b. 25 Dec 1712, d. b 6 Apr 1774
Child1.Hannah Whiting1 b. 25 Dec 1734

Family 2

Hannah Whiting b. 3 Jul 1718, d. 4 Apr 1788

Citations

  1. [S1356] Theodore S. Lazell, Whiting Genealogy : Nathaniel Whiting of Dedham, Mass., 1641, and Five Generations of his Descendants, downloaded from the Boston Public Library eBooks and Texts Archive at www.archive.org. (Boston, Massachusetts: T.R. Marvin & Son Printers, 1902), Nathaniel Whiting, page 27. Hereinafter cited as Nathaniel Whiting of Dedham, Massachusetts.
  2. [S1356] Theodore S. Lazell, Nathaniel Whiting of Dedham, Massachusetts, Jonathan Whiting, pages 16-17.
  3. [S1356] Theodore S. Lazell, Nathaniel Whiting of Dedham, Massachusetts, Nathaniel Whiting, page 22.

Nathaniel Whiting1

b. 23 September 1688
Father*Timothy Whiting1 b. 5 Jan 1653/54, d. 26 Dec 1728
Mother*Sarah Bullard1 b. 7 Jan 1657/58, d. b 1 Sep 1732
Birth*23 September 1688Nathaniel Whiting was born on 23 September 1688 in Dedham, Suffolk County, Massachusetts Bay Colony (New England).1
Marriage*6 April 1712He married Joanna Ellis, daughter of Joseph Ellice and Mary Graves, on 6 April 1712 in Dedham.2

Family

Joanna Ellis b. 18 Sep 1689, d. 3 Sep 1773
Child1.Hannah Whiting2 b. 3 Jul 1718, d. 4 Apr 1788

Citations

  1. [S1356] Theodore S. Lazell, Whiting Genealogy : Nathaniel Whiting of Dedham, Mass., 1641, and Five Generations of his Descendants, downloaded from the Boston Public Library eBooks and Texts Archive at www.archive.org. (Boston, Massachusetts: T.R. Marvin & Son Printers, 1902), Timothy Whiting, pages 14-15. Hereinafter cited as Nathaniel Whiting of Dedham, Massachusetts.
  2. [S1356] Theodore S. Lazell, Nathaniel Whiting of Dedham, Massachusetts, Nathaniel Whiting, page 22.

Nathaniel Whiting Jr.1

b. 26 September 1644, d. before 31 October 1676
Father*Nathaniel Whiting2 b. c 1617, d. 15 Jan 1682
Mother*Hannah Dwight2 b. c 1625, d. 4 Nov 1714
Birth*26 September 1644Nathaniel Whiting Jr. was born on 26 September 1644 in Dedham, Suffolk County, Massachusetts Bay Colony (New England).2,3
Marriage*29 March 1664He married, as her first husband, Joanna Gay, daughter of John Gay and Joanna Hooker, on 29 March 1664 in Dedham.1,4
Death*before 31 October 1676He died before 31 October 1676.2

Family

Joanna Gay b. 23 Mar 1644/45, d. 26 Oct 1708

Citations

  1. [S1246] Frederick Lewis Gay, "John Gay, of Dedham, Massachusetts, and some of his Descendants", New England Historical & Genealogical Register, Volume 33, pages 45-57 (January 1879). Hereinafter cited as "John Gay of Dedham, Massachusetts."
  2. [S1248] Eklon Wilson Gay and Christopher Challender Child, "Joanna Hooker, wife of John Borden and John Gay", New England Historical & Genealogical Register, Volume 164, pages 114-120 (April 2010). This thoroughly researched and completely sourced article is excellent as it examines and proves that Joanna Hooker was the wife of both John Borden and John Gay. Hereinafter cited as "Joanna Hooker, wife of John Borden and John Gay."
  3. [S451] Massachusetts Vital Records to the Year 1850 - NEHGS, online at www.newenglandancestors.org, Dedham, Volumes 1 and 2, page 3, the date written as "26 of the 7 mo" which, under the Gregorian calendar of that period, was September, not July. Hereinafter cited as Massachusetts Vital Records to 1850 - NEHGS.
  4. [S451] Massachusetts Vital Records to 1850 - NEHGS, online at www.newenglandancestors.org, Dedham, Volumes 1 and 2, page 9.

Phebe Whiting1,2

b. 3 September 1606, d. 1 August 1685
Father*Anthony Whiting1 b. c 1569, d. b 14 Jul 1629
Mother*Anne Sherman1 b. 7 Aug 1575, d. b 13 Dec 1638
Baptism*3 September 1606Phebe Whiting was baptized on 3 September 1606 in Dedham, Essex County, England.1,2
Marriage*She married John Barnard in England.2
Immigration*10 April 1634John and Phebe Barnard, with their two sons, embarked for New England on 10 April 1634 from Ipswich, Suffolk County, England, in the Elizabeth, William Andrews, master. John was aged 30, Phebe aged 27, and the boys, John and Samuel, were 2 and 1, respectively.3,2
Residence*The family settled in Watertown, Massachusetts Bay Colony (New England), where John was active in the business of the town. He was admitted a freeman on 4 March 1634/35, was a proprietor of Watertown in 1636/37 and a selectman in 1644.2
Children* The Watertown births of only two of their children were recorded, however the source expressed confidence in the probable accuracy of the list of children attributed to the couple.2
(Wife) Burial23 June 1646Phebe became a widow when John Barnard died. He was buried on 23 June 1646 in Watertown.4,5,6
Death*1 August 1685She died a widow on 1 August 1685 in Watertown at age 78.2

Family

John Barnard b. c 1604
Children1.John Barnard+2 b. 1631
2.Samuel Barnard2 b. c 1632, d. c 1683
3.Hannah Barnard2
4.Mary Barnard2 b. 7 Nov 1639
5.Joseph Barnard2 b. 12 Nov 1642
6.James Barnard2 b. s 1644
7.Elizabeth Barnard2
8.Benjamin Barnard2

Citations

  1. [S1327] Michael Johnson Wood, "The Earliest Shermans of Dedham, Essex, and their Wives", New England Historical & Genealogical Register. Note: This article, in 6 Parts, spans six issues of the Register. It is thoroughly researched and fully sourced, and includes a wealth of knowledge on the Shermans and their extended families. Only a very small amount of the information available in Mr. Wood's article is included in this researcher's website project. Volumes 166 - 168 (October 2012 - January 2014): Part 2: Henry Sherman the Younger and His Wife, Volume 167, pages 35-54. Hereinafter cited as "The Earliest Shermans of Dedham, Essex."
  2. [S1324] Henry Bond M.D., Genealogies of the Families and Descendants of the Early Settlers of Watertown, Massachusetts, including Waltham and Weston; to which is appended the Early History of the Town, downloaded from the Boston Public Library eBooks and Texts Archive at www.archive.org. Second Edition; two volumes in one. (Boston, Massachusetts: New England Historic-Genealogical Society, 1860), Barnard, pages 14-16. Hereinafter cited as Families and Descendants of the Early Settlers of Watertown, Massachusetts.
  3. [S1329] Great Migration: Immigrants to New England, 1634-1635, Volumes I-VII, online at www.americanancestors.org, John Barnard, Volume I, A-B, pages 161-166. Hereinafter cited as Great Migration: 1634-1635, Volumes I-VII.
  4. [S1329] Great Migration: 1634-1635, Volumes I-VII, online at www.americanancestors.org, John Barnard, Volume I, A-B, pages 161-166, reporting the date of his burial as 23 June 1646.
  5. [S451] Massachusetts Vital Records to the Year 1850 - NEHGS, online at www.newenglandancestors.org, Watertown, Volume 1, page 12, his surname spelled "Barnad". Hereinafter cited as Massachusetts Vital Records to 1850 - NEHGS.
  6. [S1324] Henry Bond M.D., Families and Descendants of the Early Settlers of Watertown, Massachusetts, Barnard, pages 14-16, noting burial date as 04 June 1646.

Reverend Samuel Whiting1

b. circa 1670, d. 1725
Birth*circa 1670Reverend Samuel Whiting was born circa 1670.2
Marriage*4 September 1696He married Elizabeth Adams, daughter of Reverend William Adams and Alice Bradford, on 4 September 1696 in Windham, Connecticut.1,3,2
Death*1725He died in 1725.2,3

Family

Elizabeth Adams b. 23 Feb 1680/81, d. 1760

Citations

  1. [S1203] Joel Nelson Eno, "John Niles of Braintree, Mass., and some of his Descendants", New England Historical & Genealogical Register, Volume 85, pages 145-157 (April 1931). Hereinafter cited as "John Niles of Braintree."
  2. [S413] Clarence Almon Torrey, New England Marriages: Prior to 1700 (Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Co, 1985 and 1992), page 809. Hereinafter cited as New England Marriages: Prior to 1700.
  3. [S1216] Communicated by Rev. William Allen, "Descendants of Alice Bradford", New England Historical & Genealogical Register, Volume 9, pages 127-128 (April 1855). Hereinafter cited as "Descendants of Alice Bradford."

Timothy Whiting1

b. 5 January 1653/54, d. 26 December 1728
Father*Nathaniel Whiting1 b. c 1617, d. 15 Jan 1682
Mother*Hannah Dwight1 b. c 1625, d. 4 Nov 1714
Birth*5 January 1653/54Timothy Whiting was born on 5 January 1653/54 in Dedham, Suffolk County, Massachusetts Bay Colony (New England).1
Marriage*He married Sarah Bullard, daughter of Isaac Bullard and Anne Burnap.2
Death*26 December 1728He died on 26 December 1728 in Dedham at age 742
Burial* and was buried in First Parish Cemetery, Dedham.2

Family

Sarah Bullard b. 7 Jan 1657/58, d. b 1 Sep 1732
Child1.Nathaniel Whiting+2 b. 23 Sep 1688

Citations

  1. [S1356] Theodore S. Lazell, Whiting Genealogy : Nathaniel Whiting of Dedham, Mass., 1641, and Five Generations of his Descendants, downloaded from the Boston Public Library eBooks and Texts Archive at www.archive.org. (Boston, Massachusetts: T.R. Marvin & Son Printers, 1902), page 12. Hereinafter cited as Nathaniel Whiting of Dedham, Massachusetts.
  2. [S1356] Theodore S. Lazell, Nathaniel Whiting of Dedham, Massachusetts, Timothy Whiting, pages 14-15.

Catherine Morrell Whitlock1,2,3

b. 8 March 1822, d. 8 August 1873
Birth*8 March 1822Catherine Morrell (Whitlock) Campbell was born on 8 March 1822 in Freehold, Monmouth County, New Jersey.1,3
Marriage*1841She married James Campbell in 1841.1,3,2
Death*8 August 1873She died on 8 August 1873 in Virden, Macoupin County, Illinois, at age 51.1,3
Burial*She was buried in Virden Cemetery, Virden, Macoupin County, Illinois.3

Family

James Campbell b. 7 Jun 1821, d. 3 Feb 1909
Child1.Katherine Morrell Campbell3,2 b. 3 Nov 1857, d. 1 Jan 1939

Citations

  1. [S748] Find a Grave website, which often provides cemetery and tombstone photos, and sometimes personal biographies, that may be obtained from the site, online at www.findagrave.com, James "Squire" Campbell, Memorial# 62425241. Hereinafter cited as Find a Grave website.
  2. [S748] Find a Grave website, online at www.findagrave.com, Katherine Morrell "Kate" (Campbell) Womack, Memorial# 92135597.
  3. [S748] Find a Grave website, online at www.findagrave.com, Catherine Morrell (Whitlock) Campbell, Memorial# 62425285.

Abiah Whitman1,2

Father*John Whitman2
Mother*Mary __?__2
Land Records*18 December 1689 On 18 December 1689, Abiah Whitman purchased 100 acres of land in Taunton from John Leonard of Bridgewater. The deed was recorded on 24 February 1695.1

Citations

  1. [S896] Revised by Robert S. Wakefield, Mayflower Families through Five Generations: Volume 15, James Chilton and Richard More. Note: Volume 2, Parts I and II (1975), Chilton and More, were revised and replaced in 1997 by this Volume 15, Chilton and More. (Plymouth, Massachusetts: General Society of Mayflower Descendants, 1997), Person# 16, John Leonard, pages 21-22. Hereinafter cited as James Chilton and Richard More of the Mayflower (Five).
  2. [S474] Nahum Mitchell, History of the Early Settlement of Bridgewater in Plymouth County, Massachusetts, including an extensive Family Register. Note: page numbers differ slightly between publications used in our research, including FHL copy, Google Books, Boston Public Library eBooks online and our personal library reprint published by Heritage Books. (Baltimore, Maryland: Gateway Press, Inc., original publication date was 1840; reprinted for the third and fourth times in 1970 and 1975; first reprinted in 1897 by Henry T. Pratt, Bridgewater, Massachusetts; originally printed in 1840 by Kidder and Wright, Boston, Massachusetts), Whitman, pages 352-361. Hereinafter cited as History of the Early Settlement of Bridgewater.

Betsy Whitman1

b. 1778
Father*Josiah Whitman1 b. c 1753, d. 1778
Mother*Sarah Sturtevant1 b. c 1754, d. 1789
Birth*1778Betsy Whitman was born in 1778.1

Citations

  1. [S474] Nahum Mitchell, History of the Early Settlement of Bridgewater in Plymouth County, Massachusetts, including an extensive Family Register. Note: page numbers differ slightly between publications used in our research, including FHL copy, Google Books, Boston Public Library eBooks online and our personal library reprint published by Heritage Books. (Baltimore, Maryland: Gateway Press, Inc., original publication date was 1840; reprinted for the third and fourth times in 1970 and 1975; first reprinted in 1897 by Henry T. Pratt, Bridgewater, Massachusetts; originally printed in 1840 by Kidder and Wright, Boston, Massachusetts), Whitman, pages 373-382. Hereinafter cited as History of the Early Settlement of Bridgewater.

David Whitman1

Marriage*13 July 1738He married Susanna Hayward, daughter of Nathaniel Hayward and Elizabeth Fobes, on 13 July 1738.1

Family

Susanna Hayward b. 7 Oct 1707

Citations

  1. [S612] Paul Dillon Hayward, Thomas Hayward of Bridgewater (Denver, Colorado: P.D. Hayward, 1985), Author stated in his Preface that this book is his third compilation on the Haywards and that most of the data he obtained from previously published sources. He warned that there are undoubtedly many errors, some of which may invalidate entire sections, page 1. Hereinafter cited as Thomas Hayward of Bridgewater.

Ebenezer Whitman1

Father*Thomas Whitman1
Mother*Abigail Byram1
Birth*Ebenezer Whitman was born.1
Marriage*17 November 1699He married Abigail Barnam on 17 November 1699 in Bridgewater, Plymouth County, Massachusetts Bay Province (New England).2,3

Family

Abigail Barnam
Child1.Zachariah Whitman+1 b. 21 Nov 1704

Citations

  1. [S474] Nahum Mitchell, History of the Early Settlement of Bridgewater in Plymouth County, Massachusetts, including an extensive Family Register. Note: page numbers differ slightly between publications used in our research, including FHL copy, Google Books, Boston Public Library eBooks online and our personal library reprint published by Heritage Books. (Baltimore, Maryland: Gateway Press, Inc., original publication date was 1840; reprinted for the third and fourth times in 1970 and 1975; first reprinted in 1897 by Henry T. Pratt, Bridgewater, Massachusetts; originally printed in 1840 by Kidder and Wright, Boston, Massachusetts), Whitman, pages 352-361. Hereinafter cited as History of the Early Settlement of Bridgewater.
  2. [S474] Nahum Mitchell, History of the Early Settlement of Bridgewater, Whitman, pages 352-361, her surname spelled "Burnam."
  3. [S836] New England Historic Genealogical Society, compiler, downloaded from Google Books, Vital Records of Bridgewater, Massachusetts to the Year 1850. In two Volumes: Volume I. Births and Volume II. Marriages and Deaths. (Boston, Massachusetts: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 1916), Volume II, Marriages, page 399. Hereinafter cited as Vital Records of Bridgewater, Massachusetts to 1850.

Ezekiel Whitman1

b. 1776
Father*Josiah Whitman1 b. c 1753, d. 1778
Mother*Sarah Sturtevant1 b. c 1754, d. 1789
Birth*1776Ezekiel Whitman was born in 1776.1

Citations

  1. [S474] Nahum Mitchell, History of the Early Settlement of Bridgewater in Plymouth County, Massachusetts, including an extensive Family Register. Note: page numbers differ slightly between publications used in our research, including FHL copy, Google Books, Boston Public Library eBooks online and our personal library reprint published by Heritage Books. (Baltimore, Maryland: Gateway Press, Inc., original publication date was 1840; reprinted for the third and fourth times in 1970 and 1975; first reprinted in 1897 by Henry T. Pratt, Bridgewater, Massachusetts; originally printed in 1840 by Kidder and Wright, Boston, Massachusetts), Whitman, pages 373-382. Hereinafter cited as History of the Early Settlement of Bridgewater.